Zeta Tau Alpha
ΖΤΑ
FoundedOctober 15, 1898; 123 years ago (1898-10-15)
State Female Normal School (now Longwood University) Farmville, Virginia
TypeSocial
AffiliationNPC
ScopeInternational
MottoSeek the Noblest
Member badgeSilver or Gold Shield enameled in Black bearing "ZTA", a five-point crown, and "Themis", written in Greek
Pledge pinSilver Carpenter Square enameled in Turquoise
Colors  Turquoise blue and   steel gray
SymbolFive-pointed Crown (primary), Strawberry (secondary)
FlowerWhite Violet
Patron Greek divinityThemis
PublicationThemis
PhilanthropyBreast cancer education and awareness
Chapters174 active collegiate chapters and 233 alumnae chapters
Members280,000 lifetime
NicknameZeta
Headquarters1036 S. Rangeline Road
Carmel, IN 46032
United States
Websitezetataualpha.org

Zeta Tau Alpha (known as ΖΤΑ or Zeta) is an international women's fraternity founded on October 15, 1898 at the State Female Normal School (now Longwood University) in Farmville, Virginia.[1] Its International Office is located in Carmel, Indiana. It is a member of the National Panhellenic Conference and currently has more than 257,000 initiated members.

History

This women's fraternity was founded by nine women on October 15, 1898 at the State Female Normal School (now Longwood University) in Farmville, Virginia. ZTA is the third organization founded of the "Farmville Four." In order, these are: Kappa Delta (1897), Sigma Sigma Sigma (1898), Zeta Tau Alpha (1898), and Alpha Sigma Alpha (1901).[2][3]

Maud Jones Horner, founding member and first president of ZTA.
Maud Jones Horner, founding member and first president of ZTA.

ΖΤΑ's nine founders were: Maud Jones Horner, Della Lewis Hundley, Alice Bland Coleman, Mary Campbell Jones Batte, Alice Grey Welsh, Ethel Coleman Van Name, Helen May Crafford, Frances Yancey Smith, and Ruby Leigh Orgain.[1] In 1897, the founders began meeting to form an organization during their time at the Normal to cement the bonds of their friend group, which at the time, numbered at "a dozen."[4] When Alice Bland Coleman was approached by another women's fraternity on campus to join, the founders pushed forward with starting the fraternity.[4] Maud Jones Horner and Frances Yancey Smith then turned to their respective brothers, Plummer Jones (Kappa Alpha and Phi Beta Kappa) and Giles Mebane Smith (Phi Theta Psi and Phi Beta Kappa), as resources of information regarding the fraternity system.[4] At this time, the fraternity went by its original moniker, "???" (pronounced "Who, Who, Who?") which was used during its first interactions with the two other women's fraternities at Longwood. It would not be until the spring of 1899 that the Greek letter name, "Zeta Tau Alpha", would be officially decided upon.[5]

In 1902, a member of the Alpha Chapter of ΖΤΑ, Grace Elcan Garnett,[6] attained a charter for ΖΤΑ from the State of Virginia, cementing its official purpose: "The object of said association shall be to intensify friendship, promote happiness among its members, and in every way to create such sentiments; to perform such deeds, and to mould such opinions as will conduce to the building up of a nobler and purer womanhood in the world."[1] With this development, ΖΤΑ was "the first of the Farmville Four to be chartered and the first women's fraternity to be granted a charter by a special act of the legislature."[6]

1903, the first national convention was held in Farmville and it was here that the name of the fraternity's official publication Themis was decided. It was also at this convention that Zeta Tau Alpha officially adopted the term "fraternity" instead of "sorority" to distinguish the organization from those directly affiliated with men's fraternities.[7]

In 1909, the organization joined the National Panhellenic Conference (NPC), an umbrella organization consisting of women's fraternities and sororities, in order to expand. This resulted in the first closure of its Alpha chapter at Longwood University.[8]

In 1954, Zeta Tau Alpha established the Zeta Tau Alpha Foundation. The ZTA Foundation is a non-profit organization devoted to funding scholarships for sisters, providing educational programming, and supporting the national philanthropy of ZTA which is breast cancer education and awareness.[9]

In 1974, Zeta Tau Alpha Housing Corporation was founded. The organization serves to manage official ZTA facilities used by its chapters.

In 2021, as a result of ongoing efforts to improve diversity, equity, inclusion in ZTA, national council officially eliminated the Legacy Policy as a factor in membership selection. Previously, a legacy was given preferential consideration during recruitment. As part of its official announcement, the fraternity released a statement saying "Removing the Legacy Policy is an important step toward providing a more equitable recruitment experience for all potential new members. It allows collegiate chapters and PNMs to focus on the mutual selection process, gives chapters full accountability for the members they select, and will ensure that non-legacy PNMs have the same access and opportunity to join."[10]

Philanthropy

In 1928, Zeta Tau Alpha started its first national philanthropic effort in the creation of a health center servicing the community of Currin County, Virginia, located in Appalachia.[11] When the health center closed in 1946, ΖΤΑ partnered with the Easterseals until 1970 and the ARC until 1992.[12] During the partnership with the Easter Seals, the Zeta Tau Alpha Foundation (known as the ΖΤΑ Foundation) was established in 1954.[1]

In 1992, ΖΤΑ adopted breast cancer education and awareness as its national philanthropy and partnered with the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation until 2015.[13] In 2010, Zeta Tau Alpha trademarked the phrase "Think Pink" with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.[14] Since then, this term has become the umbrella theme for all of their breast cancer education and awareness projects.[15]

The ΖΤΑ Foundation currently has partnerships with the American Cancer Society, in which the Foundation is the National Survivor Ambassador of Making Strides Against Breast Cancer; the National Football League (partnership established in 1999), for which the Foundation distributes pink ribbons as part of the NFL's "A Crucial Catch" campaign; and Bright Pink, in which the Brighten Up Educational Workshop is brought to each collegiate chapter's campus to provide to tools for assessing breast cancer risk.[1]

Programming

The ΖΤΑ Foundation also develops programming geared towards college students covering topics such as mental health, substance abuse, and leadership development.[16] Such programs are referred to My Sister, My Responsibility and contain content emphasizing social responsibility, duty of care, and engaging conversations about risk.[17]

ZTA is also a member of the Harm Reduction Alliance, a group which collaborates on providing programming to college students.[18] The Harm Reduction Alliance has generated programming such as Generation Rx, targeted towards drug use in college-aged individuals, and a partnership with ActiveMinds to help facilitate conversations around mental health within their chapters.

In response to the COVID-19 Pandemic, the ZTA Foundation provided "Grace Grants" to members of ZTA experiencing hardship. "Grace" refers both to the act of grace given to each other as members and to Grace Estelle Elcan, one of the fraternity's first new members.[19]

Chapter officers for both collegiate and alumnae groups are also given leadership training by ZTA. Chapter officers are able to attend either the Emerging Leaders Academy and/or the Officers' Leadership Academy which allow members to learn more about their specific officer roles.[20]

Symbols & Insignia

Official Jewelry

Official Badge

The member badge of ΖΤΑ is a small black shield superimposed on a gold or silver shield bearing the letters ZTA, a five-pointed crown, and the name "Themis" written in Greek. Designed with the help of Mebane Smith, Maud Jones Horner, Frances Yancey Smith, and Mary Campbell Jones Batte chose the final design.[21] The size was regulated at the 1912 convention to be modeled after that of Dr. May Agnes Hopkins, ZTA's national president at the time.[21] Members may wear attach a chapter guard and attach dangles to denote achievements and positions held as a ZTA. The chapter guard is the only pin allowed to be attached to the badge and the badge may not be turned into jewelry and may not be set with more than 2 stones. ZTA has no official jewel or gemstone.[21]

New Member Badge

New members may wear a turquoise and silver carpenter square pin, which was adopted in the 1910 National Convention.[21] The new member pin is returned upon initiation.

Recognition Pin

Members may also wear a recognition pin in the shape of a small, gold five-pointed crown on their coat as the badge. "While not a rule," it was deemed that it was "a matter of good taste" that a member never wear the official badge on a coat.[21]

Honor Ring

In recognition of outstanding service to the Fraternity, members can receive an Honor Ring which bears the coat of arms on a turquoise stone. Adopted at the 1915 National Convention, the oblong-octagonal ring also bears an open book and five-pointed crown in relief on the sides. It is considered ΖΤΑ's highest individual honor for alumnae.

Anniversary Jewelry

For major anniversaries, members receive additional pins and charms to commemorate 25, 50, and 75 years as a Zeta.[1] 25-Year members receive the 25-Year Pin, 50-Year members receive the White Violet Pin, and 75-Year Members receive a White Violet Charm.

Insignia

Coat of Arms

The Coat of Arms in use today was adopted in 1926 and follows heraldic rules. It is described as: "Quarterly argent and azure; in two and three a cinquefoil of the first; nine billets in bend sable. Crest: Above a crown (radiate) or, a chain of five links fess-wise argent. Motto: Zeta Tau Alpha in Greek upper and lower case."[21] Only initiated members may use the crest in any manner, which must be dignified and in good taste. The secret, ritualistic meaning of the Coat of Arms is revealed to each member during her Initiation.[1]

The Banner was introduced at the 1910 National Convention and was made by Bertha Cruse Gardner as a commission from the National President.[21] The turquoise and gray satin banner bears the letter "A", the Greek word "Themis" and a burning torch. The banner's meaning is secret, but it may be hung in a visible place in chapter housing.[1]

Colors

The official colors of ΖΤΑ are turquoise blue and steel gray. Upon receiving a bid to ΖΤΑ, members receive a set of turquoise and blue ribbons adorned on a pin to wear prior to receiving the New Member Pin. Members also wear the colors in honor of significant events such as the installation of a new ΖΤΑ chapter, Founder's Day celebrations, or the death of a member. The significance of these colors is explained in the Initiation Service.[1]

Flower

The official flower of ΖΤΑ is the white violet, which was chosen by Ruby Leigh Orgain for its connection to the Ancient Greeks as well as the prevalence of such flowers in Virginia.[21] While the specific of varietal of violet is not named, depictions of the flower show that it is based on the Viola canadensis which is native to Virginia.

Symbols

The five-pointed crown is the primary official symbol of the fraternity.[1] The meaning of the crown is revealed to members during the initiation service and members may use either the official logo crown or the crown used on the Coat of Arms. The strawberry is also used as a secondary symbol.[1] The strawberry's significance came to be when Mary Campbell Jones Batte was gifted a basket of strawberries from an admirer. Through that gift, the founders resolved to host their first social gathering and become recognized on campus.[5]

Themis

Patron Goddess

In addition, the founders chose Themis as their patron goddess to represent the fraternity.[1] In Greek tradition, Themis represents "divine justice" and was seated beside Zeus to give counsel and gather assemblies. She also served as an Oracle of Delphi. In addition to being a wife of Zeus, she was the daughter of Uranus and Gaea and the mother of the Horae and the Moirai. In some depictions, she is the mother of Prometheus. She is often depicted holding a sword of justice and the scales of law.

Official Publication

Themis is also the name of ΖΤΑ's official publication.[22] Adopted in the 1903 National Convention, the award-winning publication regularly features collegiate and alumnae chapter news, photos and achievements.[23] Originally provided as a newspaper, Themis is now a quarterly magazine sent out to all members of ZTA.[24]

The Creed of Zeta Tau Alpha

Written by Shirley Kreasan Strout and adopted at the 1928 National Convention, the Creed of Zeta Tau Alpha is the embodiment of the organization's values.[1] Per tradition, every chapter meeting of Zeta Tau Alpha opens with members reciting the Creed together.

To realize that within our grasp, in Zeta Tau Alpha, lies the opportunity to learn those things which will ever enrich and ennoble our lives; to be true to ourselves, and to those within and without our circle;

To think in terms of all mankind and our service in the world;

To be steadfast, strong, and clean of heart and mind, remembering that since the thought is father to the deed, only that which we would have manifested in our experience should be entertained in thought;

To find satisfaction in being, rather than seeming, thus strengthening in us the higher qualities of the spirit;

To prepare for service and learn the nobility of serving, thereby earning the right to be served; to seek understanding that we might gain true wisdom; to look for the good in everyone;

To see beauty, with its enriching influence; to be humble in success, and without bitterness in defeat;

To have the welfare and harmony of the Fraternity at heart, striving ever to make our lives a symphony of high ideals, devotion to the Right, the Good, and the True, without a discordant note; remembering always that the foundation precept of Zeta Tau Alpha was Love, "the greatest of all things". - Shirley Kreasan Strout

The Creed was the basis for establishing "The Nine Key Values" of Zeta Tau Alpha, which are:[1]

Membership

Chapters

Main article: List of Zeta Tau Alpha chapters

Zeta Tau Alpha has 174 active collegiate chapters and 233 active alumnae chapters.[3][1] There are alumnae chapters across the United States, Canada and a virtual alumnae chapter, ZTAlways.[25] ZTAlways is a virtual alumnae chapter for members who do not have the opportunity to interact with sisters among a land-based chapter.[26] As an alumna, a woman is still considered a member of ZTA.

Fraternity operations

Zeta Tau Alpha is structured into three separate organizations which facilitate fraternity operations: Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity, Zeta Tau Alpha Housing Corporation, and Zeta Tau Alpha Foundation. These organizations are each supported by volunteers working at the local and national level as well as staff based at the International Office, based in Carmel, Indiana.[1] The ZTA Foundation also provides Leadership Consultants to help provide direct national support for chapters during major events and for leadership development.[9]

Notable members

Arts/Entertainment

Sports

Philanthropy

Education

Journalism

Business

Military

Politics

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "About". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  2. ^ University, Longwood. "History at Longwood". www.longwood.edu. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  3. ^ a b William Raimond Baird; Carroll Lurding (eds.). "Almanac of Fraternities and Sororities (Baird's Manual Online Archive), section listing Zeta Tau Alpha chapters". Student Life and Culture Archives. University of Illinois: University of Illinois Archives. Retrieved December 31, 2021. The main archive URL is The Baird's Manual Online Archive homepage.
  4. ^ a b c Strout, Shirley Kreasan (1928). This History of Zeta Tau Alpha Vol. 1 (Reprint 2009). Indianapolis, Indiana: Zeta Tau Alpha. pp. 31–33.
  5. ^ a b Strout, Shirley Kreasan (1928). This History of Zeta Tau Alpha Vol. 1 (Reprint 2009). Indianapolis, Indiana: Zeta Tau Alpha. pp. 35–45.
  6. ^ a b Strout, Shirley Kreasan (1928). The History of Zeta Tau Alpha Vol. 1 (Reprint 2009). Indianapolis, Indiana: Zeta Tau Alpha. pp. 59–69.
  7. ^ Strout, Shirely Kreasan (1928). The History of Zeta Tau Alpha Vol. 1 (Reprint 2009). Indianapolis, Indiana: Zeta Tau Alpha. p. 76.
  8. ^ "Important changes to the National Panhellenic Conference". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Foundation". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  10. ^ "ZTA eliminates its Legacy Policy". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  11. ^ "Did you know that in 1928, ZTA established its first philanthropy by opening a health center to benefit rural residents of the Appa... | Zeta Tau Alpha, ZTA, Go Greek". Pinterest. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  12. ^ Alpha, Zeta Tau. "A Zeta True: Anne Winnes Redmond". Zeta Tau Alpha. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  13. ^ "Tweet announcing end of partnership with Komen". Twitter. Retrieved April 6, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  14. ^ "Think Pink Trademark". tmsearch.uspto.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ "Our Philanthropy". Zeta Tau Alpha. Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
  16. ^ "Programming". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  17. ^ "My Sister, My Responsibility". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  18. ^ "Harm Reduction Alliance pilots workshop on prescription drug abuse". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  19. ^ "ZTA Foundation Announces Grace Grants". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  20. ^ "Events". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h Strout, Shirley Kreasan (1928). The History of Zeta Tau Alpha Vol. 1 (Reprint 2009). Indianapolis, Indiana: Zeta Tau Alpha. pp. 247–268.
  22. ^ "Themis, the Fraternity's official magazine, debuted in November 1903. The first article describes both the history ... | Zeta Tau Alpha, Zeta, Sorority and fraternity". Pinterest. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  23. ^ "Fraternity Communications Association Awards – 2019". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  24. ^ Strout, Shirley Kreasan (1928). The History of Zeta Tau Alpha Vol.1 (Reprint 2009). Indianapolis, Indiana: Zeta Tau Alpha. pp. 274–320.
  25. ^ "ZTA international website". ZTA international website.
  26. ^ Alpha, ZTAlways alumnae of Zeta Tau. "Zeta Tau Alpha | ZTAlways". ztalways.zetataualpha.org. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  27. ^ Florida Alligator January 28, 2019
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Notable Zetas". Zeta Tau Alpha. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
  29. ^ a b "Wearing another crown: Miss Florida and Miss Indiana". Zeta Tau Alpha official site. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  30. ^ Sanchez, Lorena (June 19, 2011). "Miss NM Brittany Toll out after swimsuit competition". El Paso Times.
  31. ^ "Tiffany Maher dances her way into the finals". Zeta Tau Alpha official site. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
  32. ^ "Officers". University of North Carolina ZTA. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  33. ^ Fraternity, Z. T. A. (June 29, 2012). "Convention Initiate Sarah Patterson". ZTA NLC. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  34. ^ "Outstanding Alumna Award - 2018". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  35. ^ Fontenot, Rebecca (2008). "Word-Perfect". Texas Exes. Retrieved January 14, 2009.
  36. ^ "Outstanding Alumna Award - 2016". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  37. ^ "Donna Leinwand Leger". National Press Foundation. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  38. ^ "Outstanding Alumna Award - 2014". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  39. ^ "2020 Outstanding Alumna". Zeta Tau Alpha Fraternity. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  40. ^ Becque, Fran; Ph.D. (March 20, 2017). "Dr. May Agness Hopkins, Zeta Tau Alpha, #notablesororitywomen, #WHM2017". Fraternity History & More. Retrieved April 9, 2021.
  41. ^ "Virginia Ruth Kilpatrick Shehee". The Shreveport Times. Retrieved July 9, 2015.
  42. ^ "The heart of a healthy lifestyle". Themis. Winter 2013.