Pi Lambda Phi
ΠΛΦ
The official coat of arms of Pi Lambda Phi
FoundedMarch 21, 1895; 128 years ago (March 21, 1895)
Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut
TypeSocial
AffiliationNIC
ScopeInternational
MottoNostros Amemus
Not Four Years But a Lifetime
Colors  Purple
  Gold
Flag
FlowerWoodbine
PhilanthropyThe Elimination of Prejudice
Chapters145 (44 active chapters/colonies)[1]
Headquarters60 Newtown Road, #118
Danbury, CT 06810
USA
WebsiteOfficial website

Pi Lambda Phi (ΠΛΦ), commonly known as Pi Lam,[2] is a social fraternity with 145 chapters (44 active chapters/colonies). The fraternity was founded in 1895 at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Pi Lambda Phi is headlined by prestigious chapters at Temple University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Virginia. Pi Lambda Phi is continuously expanding to schools across the country, such as Ohio State University, University of Cincinnati, Pennsylvania State University, Florida State University and East Carolina University. Recent planned expansions include West Virginia University and the University of Pennsylvania.[3]

History

Very little is known about the early foundings of the fraternity.[3] After groups of men were denied admission to other fraternities at Yale University because of their religious and racial backgrounds in 1895, Frederick Manfred Werner, Louis Samter Levy, and Henry Mark Fisher were determined to start something new. They decided to start the first fraternity that was "a fraternity in which all men were brothers, no matter what their religion; a fraternity in which ability, open-mindedness, farsightedness, and a progressive, forward-looking attitude would be recognized as the basic attributes."[4] Chapters at other universities started soon after. While non-sectarian, it was predominantly Jewish until the end of World War II.[5] During its history, three national fraternities merged with Pi Lambda Phi: Phi Beta Delta, Beta Sigma Tau and Beta Sigma Rho.

Merging fraternities

Phi Beta Delta

Phi Beta Delta was founded at Columbia University, April 4, 1912. The Founders stated, "Its purpose is to inculcate among its membership a fine spirit of loyalty, activity and scholarship toward their Alma Mater, to develop the highest ideals of conduct and to promote a close fraternal bond through means of carefully selected associates."[6] Phi Beta Delta merged into Pi Lambda Phi on February 1, 1941. At the time, Pi Lambda Phi had 20 active chapters and Phi Beta Delta had 16, considering duplications, the combined Pi Lambda Phi fraternity was a net of 33 chapters. It was at this time that Pi Lambda Phi chapters were prefixed by a state designation to distinguish duplicate Greek letter names. All members and alumni of Phi Beta Delta were admitted into Pi Lambda Phi.

The founders of Phi Beta Delta were David H. Cohen, Henry C. Fenton, William Haas, Darcy M. Heinemann, Joseph Michtom, Samuel Null, Julius Rudd, and Bernard Shapiro. All of them were students at Columbia University.[6][7][8]

Beta Sigma Tau

Beta Sigma Tau was founded in 1948 at Baldwin–Wallace College (later renamed Baldwin Wallace University). The Founders stated that the purpose of the fraternity was "to end barriers among people and to have a foundation based upon a brotherhood and democracy which transcends racial, national and religious differences." Beta Sigma Tau was merged into Pi Lambda Phi November 1, 1960. At the time of the merger there were 8 active chapters of Beta Sigma Tau. The Baldwin–Wallace College (OH Beta Tau) chapter is the sole surviving chapter of Beta Sigma Tau.[9] The founder of Beta Sigma Tau was Stanley Tolliver of Baldwin–Wallace College (1947).[7]

The University of Toledo also recognized a local chapter called Beta Sigma Tau from 19962005, without legal or institutional connection to the national fraternity, but which nevertheless professed to continue its "ideal of transcending racial, national, and religious differences."[10]

Beta Sigma Rho

Beta Sigma Rho was founded at Cornell University on October 12, 1910. Beta Sigma Rho was organized under the name Beta Samach, the Greek letter Beta and the Hebrew letter Samach suggesting the application of the Greek society idea to the social and cultural life of the Jewish undergraduate student.[11]

In 1950 the Beta Sigma Rho ritual was changed to reflect a non-sectarian viewpoint.

Beta Sigma Rho merged into Pi Lambda Phi on December 12, 1972 adding 5 active chapters, and merging 2 chapters. The existing two chapters at the Pennsylvania State University would not merge, thus at that school Beta Sigma Rho's Beta chapter became local, Beta Sigma Beta. The merger agreement stipulated "Each Honorary Fellow, Associate Fellow and Alumni Fellow of Beta Sigma Rho will become an accredited member of Pi Lambda Phi."[12]

Elimination of Prejudice

The Elimination of Prejudice is the fraternity's official philanthropy. The non-profit organization was founded in 1996, and is headquartered in Berea, Ohio. The Elimination of Prejudice works to set the conditions for sensitive societal conversations to take place, and promotes the principles of equality and inclusiveness to the widest possible audience. It holds video and essay contests, and runs youth-based educational programs and retreats. The Elimination of Prejudice raises money to fund the aforementioned programs and others. Presently, the Elimination of Prejudice is active on 31 college campuses and universities, and works with nearly 1,000 students in the U.S. and Canada.[13][14]

The Pi Lambda Phi house at Roanoke College's Virginia Lambda Kappa Chapter.

Scholarship and membership development

In 1938, The Pi Lambda Phi Fraternity Foundation was founded to provide educational scholarships for the brothers of the fraternity and it was reestablished again in 1991 as the Pi Lambda Phi Educational Foundation, Inc." The foundation is the fraternity's charitable arm.[15] In addition to providing scholarship and educational programs, the foundation provides recognition of humanitarian work for individuals outside of the fraternity through its sponsorship of the Pi Lambda Phi Humanitarian Award.

Pi Lambda Phi University

Pi Lambda Phi University is an online fraternity educational program hosted by the International Headquarters Staff.[16]

Notable Pi Lambda Phi men

Main article: List of Pi Lambda Phi brothers

Chapters

Main article: List of Pi Lambda Phi chapters

See also

References

  1. ^ "Active Undergraduate Chapters". Pi Lambda Phi. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  2. ^ James T. Brown, ed. (1920). Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities (9 ed.). p. 310.. Baird's Manual is also available online here: The Baird's Manual Online Archive homepage.
  3. ^ a b "Pi Lam History". Archived from the original on 2008-03-27.
  4. ^ "The Founders' Period, History of the Fraternity".
  5. ^ Sanua, Marianne Rachel (2003). ""Oh Yes, That Nonsectarian Jewish Fraternity": The Search for Identity 1895–1906". Going Greek: Jewish college fraternities in the United States, 1895–1945 (Google Book Search). Detroit: Wayne State University Press. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-0-8143-2857-6. LCCN 2002007160. OCLC 49799380. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  6. ^ a b William Raimond Baird Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities, 14th Edition, 1940. Baird's Manual is also available online here: The Baird's Manual Online Archive homepage.
  7. ^ a b Membership Directory, 2010, Pi Lambda Phi Inc.
  8. ^ "Northwestern University College of Chriminal Justice Newsletter" (PDF). Spring 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 16, 2010.
  9. ^ Memorandum of Agreement as to the Merger of Pi Lambda Phi and Beta Sigma Tau, October 1, 1960
  10. ^ Torbenson, Craig LaRon; Parks, Gregory S. (2009). Brothers and Sisters: Diversity in College Fraternities and Sororities. Madison, New Jersey: Farleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8386-4194-1. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  11. ^ "Guide to the Beta Sigma Rho, 1955–1956".
  12. ^ Agreement of Merger between Pi Lambda Phi and Beta Sigma Rho, September 21, 1972
  13. ^ "The Elimination of Prejudice 2012–2013 – Home". Eliminateprejudice.org. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
  14. ^ "Get the Word Out™ : Explore Pitches". PitchEngine. Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
  15. ^ "Pi Lambda Phi Educational Foundation".
  16. ^ "Pi Lambda Phi University". Archived from the original on 2013-10-28.