Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1990 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1990
MCMXC
Ab urbe condita2743
Armenian calendar1439
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԹ
Assyrian calendar6740
Bahá'í calendar146–147
Balinese saka calendar1911–1912
Bengali calendar1397
Berber calendar2940
British Regnal year38 Eliz. 2 – 39 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2534
Burmese calendar1352
Byzantine calendar7498–7499
Chinese calendar己巳(Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4687 or 4627
Coptic calendar1706–1707
Discordian calendar3156
Ethiopian calendar1982–1983
Hebrew calendar5750–5751
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2046–2047
 - Shaka Samvat1911–1912
 - Kali Yuga5090–5091
Holocene calendar11990
Igbo calendar990–991
Iranian calendar1368–1369
Islamic calendar1410–1411
Japanese calendarHeisei 2
(平成2年)
Javanese calendar1922–1923
Juche calendar79
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4323
Minguo calendarROC 79
民國79年
Nanakshahi calendar522
Thai solar calendar2533
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
    — to —
阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
Unix time631152000 – 662687999

1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen,[1] the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait. This annexation resulted in a crisis in the Persian Gulf involving the issue of the sovereignty of Kuwait and fears by Saudi Arabia over Iraqi aggression against their oil fields near Kuwait. This led to Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after more than 11 years.

1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In the fall of 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside CERN the following year.[2] 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content web search engine, Archie, on September 10.[3]

September 14, 1990 saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient.[4]

Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter.[5]

Encyclopædia Britannica, which ceased printing in 2012, saw its highest all time sales in 1990; 120,000 volumes were sold that year.[6]

Events

January

January 7: The Pisa tower closed.
January 7: The Pisa tower closed.
January 29: Trial relating to Exxon Valdez.
January 29: Trial relating to Exxon Valdez.

February

ADtranz low floor tram GT6N in Berlin
ADtranz low floor tram GT6N in Berlin

March

April

April 1990 in Moscow
April 1990 in Moscow

May

The pro-Soviet Intermovement tried to invade Toompea Castle, where the Parliament of Estonia is located, but was dispersed by Estonians
The pro-Soviet Intermovement tried to invade Toompea Castle, where the Parliament of Estonia is located, but was dispersed by Estonians

June

July

July 16: 1990 Luzon earthquake

August

August 2: The Gulf War begins
August 2: The Gulf War begins

September

October

October 3: The former flag of West Germany becomes the flag of all Germany.
October 3: The former flag of West Germany becomes the flag of all Germany.

November

December

World population

World population
1990 1985 1995
World 5,263,593,000 4,830,979,000
432,614,000
+8.95 % 5,674,380,000
410,787,000
+7.80 %
Africa 622,443,000 541,718,000
80,629,000
+14.88 % 707,462,000
85,019,000
+13.66 %
Asia 3,167,807,000 2,887,552,000
280,255,000
+9.71 % 3,430,052,000
262,245,000
+8.28 %
Europe 721,582,000 706,009,000
15,573,000
+2.21 % 727,405,000
5,823,000
+0.81 %
Latin America 441,525,000 401,469,000
40,056,000
+9.98 % 481,099,000
39,574,000
+8.96 %
North America 283,549,000 269,456,000
14,093,000
+5.23 % 299,438,000
15,889,000
+5.60 %
Oceania 26,687,000 24,678,000
2,009,000
+8.14 % 28,924,000
2,237,000
+8.38 %

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown

January

Liam Hemsworth
Grant Gustin
Simon Porte Jacquemus
Ermin Bičakčić
Christopher Massey
Jake Thomas

February

Sean Kingston
Dalilah Muhammad
Steven Stamkos
Klay Thompson
Brett Dier
The Weeknd
Park Shin-hye
Flavio Aquilone
Younès Belhanda
Lindsey Morgan

March

Petra Kvitová
Princess Eugenie of York
Laura Harrier
Thomas Rhett
Corey Cott
Cassie Scerbo
Lyra McKee

April

Madison Brengle
Kim Jong-hyun
Kristen Stewart
Emma Watson
Machine Gun Kelly
Dev Patel

May

Kay Panabaker
Brooks Koepka
Etika
Thomas Brodie-Sangster
Leven Rambin
Chris Colfer

June

Iggy Azalea
Lauren Socha
Matthias Mayer
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
John Newman
Ashly Burch

July

Margot Robbie
Connor Paolo
James Maslow
Wizkid
Daveigh Chase
Jay McGuiness
Indiana Evans

August

Bill Skarsgård
Lucas Till
Jennifer Lawrence
Bo Burnham
Nicole Gale Anderson

September

Merritt Patterson
Yuna Kim
Matt Shively
Allison Scagliotti
Christian Serratos

October

Shaul Guerrero
Ricky Rubio
Jonathan Lipnicki
Amarna Miller
Emiliano Sala

November

Kendall Schmidt
Ellyse Perry
Jean-Luc Bilodeau
Sarah Hyland
Rita Ora
Magnus Carlsen

December

Chanel Iman
Sharon Fichman
JoJo
Anna Maria Perez de Tagle
David Archuleta

Deaths

Further information: Category:1990 deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

Pavel Cherenkov
Barbara Stanwyck
Mariano Rumor
Ava Gardner

February

José Napoleón Duarte
Sandro Pertini

March

Lev Yashin

April

Greta Garbo
Ralph Abernathy

May

Sammy Davis Jr.
Jim Henson

June

Sir Rex Harrison

July

Bruno Kreisky

August

Pearl Bailey

September

Ahti Karjalainen
Samuel Doe

October

Leonard Bernstein
Art Blakey

November

Roald Dahl

December

Joan Bennett
Tunku Abdul Rahman

Nobel Prizes

Fields Medal

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