Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita2698
Armenian calendar1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar6695
Baháʼí calendar101–102
Balinese saka calendar1866–1867
Bengali calendar1352
Berber calendar2895
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 10 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2489
Burmese calendar1307
Byzantine calendar7453–7454
Chinese calendar甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar1661–1662
Discordian calendar3111
Ethiopian calendar1937–1938
Hebrew calendar5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga5045–5046
Holocene calendar11945
Igbo calendar945–946
Iranian calendar1323–1324
Islamic calendar1364–1365
Japanese calendarShōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar1875–1876
Juche calendar34
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4278
Minguo calendarROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar477
Thai solar calendar2488
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
    — to —
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

1945 marked the end of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. It is also the only year in which nuclear weapons have been used in combat.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

Main article: January 1945

January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.
January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

Main article: February 1945

February 4 – The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.

March

Main article: March 1945

April

Main article: April 1945

April 7 – Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 7Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 30 – Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide.
April 30Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide.

May

Main article: May 1945

May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.
May 9 – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.
May 9 – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.

June

Main article: June 1945

June 5 – Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder.

July

Main article: July 1945

July 16 – Trinity test at night in New Mexico.
July 16Trinity test at night in New Mexico.

August

Main article: August 1945

August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).

September

Main article: September 1945

September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.
September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

October

Main article: October 1945

October 18 – Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 18Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 24 – United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).
October 24United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).

November

Main article: November 1945

December

Main article: December 1945

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
Stephen Stills
Sir Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar
Tom Selleck
Bob Marley
Mia Farrow
Maud Adams
Douglas Hofstadter
Brenda Fricker
Barry Bostwick
Daniel Olbrychski
Rodrigo Duterte
Walt Frazier
Eric Clapton
Edwin Catmull
Tuilaʻepa Saʻilele Malielegaoi
Ana Lúcia Torre
Björn Ulvaeus
Bob Seger
Yochanan Vollach
Pete Townshend
Priscilla Presley
John Fogerty
Laurent Gbagbo
John Carlos
Wolfgang Schüssel
Aung San Suu Kyi
Adrienne Barbeau
Anne Murray
Radovan Karadžić
Chandrika Kumaratunga
Debbie Harry
Burt Ward
Moncef Marzouki
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Dame Helen Mirren
Jim Davis
Patrick Modiano
David Sanborn
Steve Martin
Vince McMahon
Wyomia Tyus
Sir Van Morrison
Bob Welch
Jessye Norman
Franz Beckenbauer
Bryan Ferry
Ehud Olmert
Ram Nath Kovind
Don McLean
Viktor Saneyev
John Lithgow
Jaclyn Smith
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Henry Winkler
Neil Young
Goldie Hawn
John McVie
James Avery
Bette Midler
Julie Heldman
Portia Simpson-Miller
Ernie Hudson
Diane Sawyer
Davy Jones

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Else Lasker-Schüler
Pedro Abad Santos
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Pedro Paulet
Anne Frank
Eric Liddell
José María Moncada
Takeichi Nishi
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler
Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito
Heinrich Himmler
Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón
Emil Hácha
Óscar R. Benavides
John Curtin
Robert H. Goddard
Karl Leisner
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena
John S. McCain Sr.
Hans Geiger
Béla Bartók
Pierre Laval
Plutarco Elías Calles
Sigurður Eggerz
Richárd Weisz
Prince Fumimaro Konoe
George S. Patton

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

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Further reading