Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita2698
Armenian calendar1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar6695
Baháʼí calendar101–102
Balinese saka calendar1866–1867
Bengali calendar1352
Berber calendar2895
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 10 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2489
Burmese calendar1307
Byzantine calendar7453–7454
Chinese calendar甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4641 or 4581
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar1661–1662
Discordian calendar3111
Ethiopian calendar1937–1938
Hebrew calendar5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga5045–5046
Holocene calendar11945
Igbo calendar945–946
Iranian calendar1323–1324
Islamic calendar1364–1365
Japanese calendarShōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar1875–1876
Juche calendar34
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4278
Minguo calendarROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar477
Thai solar calendar2488
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
    — to —
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

1945 marked the end of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. The year saw the death of many leaders during the second world war as well such as FDR and Adolf Hitler. It was also the only year in which nuclear weapons have been used in combat.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

Main article: January 1945

January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.
January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

Main article: February 1945

February 4 – The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.

March

Main article: March 1945

April

Main article: April 1945

April 7 – Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 7Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 30 – Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide.
April 30Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide.

May

Main article: May 1945

May – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.
May – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.

June

Main article: June 1945

June 5 – Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder.

July

Main article: July 1945

July 16 – Trinity test at night in New Mexico.
July 16Trinity test at night in New Mexico.

August

Main article: August 1945

August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).

September

Main article: September 1945

September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.
September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

October

Main article: October 1945

October 18 – Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 18Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 24 – United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).
October 24United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).

November

Main article: November 1945

December

Main article: December 1945

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

Stephen Stills
Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar
Tom Selleck

February

Bob Marley
Mia Farrow
Yoshinori Ohsumi
Maud Adams
Douglas Hofstadter
Brenda Fricker
Barry Bostwick
Daniel Olbrychski

March

Rodrigo Duterte
Eric Clapton
Edwin Catmull

April

Tuilaepa Malielegaoi
Ana Lúcia Torre
Björn Ulvaeus

May

Yochanan Vollach
Pete Townshend
Priscilla Presley
John Fogerty
Laurent Gbagbo

June

Wolfgang Schüssel
Aung San Suu Kyi
Adrienne Barbeau
Anne Murray
Radovan Karadžić
Carly Simon
Chandrika Kumaratunga

July

Debbie Harry
Moncef Marzouki
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Dame Helen Mirren
Jim Davis
Patrick Modiano

August

Steve Martin
Vince McMahon
Wyomia Tyus
Van Morrison

September

Franz Beckenbauer
Ehud Olmert

October

Ram Nath Kovind
Don McLean
Viktor Saneyev
John Lithgow
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

November

Neil Young
Goldie Hawn

December

Bette Midler
Portia Simpson-Miller
Davy Jones

Deaths

January

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Else Lasker-Schüler
Pedro Abad Santos
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Pedro Paulet

February

Anne Frank
Eric Liddell
José María Moncada

March

Takeichi Nishi
Blessed Marcel Callo
Blessed Marcel Callo
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer

April

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler

May

Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito
Heinrich Himmler

June

Prince Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón
Emil Hácha

July

John Curtin

August

Robert H. Goddard
Karl Leisner
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September

John S. McCain Sr.
Johannes Hans Geiger
Béla Bartók

October

Pierre Laval
Plutarco Elias Calles

November

Sigurdur Eggerz

December

Richárd Weisz
Fumimaro Konoe
George S. Patton

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

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Further reading