2022 Minnesota Senate election

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All 67 seats in the Minnesota Senate
34 seats needed for a majority
 
Leader Jeremy Miller Melisa López Franzen
Party Republican Democratic (DFL)
Leader since September 9th, 2021 September 14, 2021
Leader's seat 28th-Winona 49th-Edina
Last election 34 seats, 48.39% 33 seats, 49.82%
Current seats 34 31
Seats needed Steady Increase 3

Incumbent Majority Leader

Jeremy Miller
Republican



The 2022 Minnesota Senate election will be held in the U.S. state of Minnesota on November 8, 2022, to elect members of the Senate of the 93rd Minnesota Legislature. A primary election will be held in several districts on August 9, 2022. The election will coincide with the election of the other house of the Legislature, the Minnesota House of Representatives, and other elections.

Background

The last election in 2020 resulted in the Republican Party of Minnesota retaining a majority of seats,[1] after winning a majority from the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) only four years earlier in the previous election in 2016. Control of the Senate has alternated between the Republicans and the DFL every election since 2010.[2] All-Republican control of the Legislature ended when the DFL won a majority in the House in 2018.[3]

Electoral system

The 67 members of the Senate will be elected from single-member districts via first-past-the-post voting for four-year terms. Contested nominations of recognized major parties (DFL, Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis, Legal Marijuana Now, and Republican) for each district will be determined by an open primary election. Minor party candidates will be nominated by petition. Write-in candidates must file a request with the Secretary of State's office for votes for them to be counted. Candidates for the state Senate in 2022 must file to run from May 17, 2022, to May 31 at 5:00 P.M.[4]

Retiring members

Republican

DFL

Reapportionment

See also: 2020 United States redistricting cycle

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Due to the 2020 United States Census, the law requires redistricting to occur before February 15, 2022, in order to give candidates ample notice before the legislative filing window in late May. Historically, the legislature has often been unable to agree on redistricting, leading to a court decision on the issue, but commentators have noted that Democrats have a thin majority in the state House, while Republicans have a thin majority in the state Senate, possibly forcing negotiations within the legislature.

As of August 2021, hearings have recently begun in both the House and Senate Redistricting Committee, with the Senate committee members having their first meeting in Bemidji on August 9, and the House committee members having their first meeting on August 18.

According to the State Demographer's office, 78% of the growth that occurred in Minnesota since the last census took place in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. This will require shifting districts from rural areas to urban ones: David Schultz, a political scientist at Hamline University, speculated that the redistricting would give Democrats an advantage in three or four new state House districts and two state Senate districts.

Questions of accountability for racial gerrymandering have also been raised, given how Minneapolis has grown more diverse and Saint Paul has become majority-minority since the last census.

Melissa Hortman (DFL-Brooklyn Park), Speaker of the Minnesota House of Representatives, said “After the racial reckoning that we've had since the murder of George Floyd, I think that is still the top of mind for people, that we have a country that lives up to its ideals for everyone."

References

  1. ^ "2020 Minnesota State Senate Election Results | USA TODAY". www.usatoday.com. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  2. ^ "Party Control of the Minnesota Senate - Minnesota Legislative Reference Library". www.lrl.mn.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  3. ^ "Minnesota Election Results 2018: Democrats Have A Good Night". Southwest Minneapolis, MN Patch. 2018-11-06. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  4. ^ "Minnesota Secretary Of State - Candidate Filing Periods". www.sos.state.mn.us. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  5. ^ "Newton, Jerry - Legislator Record - Minnesota Legislators Past & Present". www.lrl.mn.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  6. ^ Lopez, Ricardo (August 4, 2021). "Sen. Chris Eaton announces retirement from Brooklyn Center-area Senate seat, endorses Susan Pha". Minnesota Reformer. Retrieved 2021-08-31.
  7. ^ Orrick, Dave (13 October 2021). "After 25 years in state Senate, Chuck Wiger of Maplewood won't seek re-election". St. Paul Pioneer Press.
  8. ^ Lopez, Ricardo (2 September 2021). "Sen. Susan Kent steps down as Senate minority leader, will not seek reelection". Minnesota Reformer.