Chui A-poo
徐亞保
Born
Died1851
Piratical career
TypePirate
Years activemid-1800s
Rankfleet commander
Base of operationsSouth China Sea
Commands50 ship Chinese fleet
Destruction of Chuiapoo's Pirate Fleet, 30 September 1849
Destruction of Chuiapoo's Pirate Fleet, 30 September 1849

Chui A-poo[1] (Chinese: 徐亞保;[2] died 1851) was a 19th-century Qing Chinese pirate who commanded a fleet of more than 50 junks in the South China Sea.[3] He was one of the two most notorious South China Sea pirates of the era, along with Shap Ng-tsai.[4]

In September 1849, his fleet, which was based in Bias Bay east of Hong Kong, was defeated by British and Chinese warships.[5] More than 400 pirates were killed and Chui was seriously wounded. Although he managed initially to escape, he was betrayed by his own crew and handed over to the British authorities. He was wanted with a bounty of £500[6] for the murder of two British officers[7] His punishment was lifelong exile to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania), but he hanged himself in his cell before it could be carried out.[8]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Also spelt Chui-Apoo.
  2. ^ Piracy & the world of Zhang Baozai : first anniversary exhibition at the Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Hong Kong Maritime Museum , 2006. p.36 ISBN 988-98611-3-5
  3. ^ Grace Estelle Fox (1940), British Admirals and Chinese Pirates, 1832-1869 (in German), London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd., pp. 107
  4. ^ Martin Booth. Opium: A History. New York: Thomas Dunne, 1996. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-312-20667-3
  5. ^ Tim Travers (30 May 2012). Pirates: A History. History Press. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-0-7524-8827-1.
  6. ^ The Chinese Repository: From January to December 1849 (in German), Adamant Media, 2005, pp. 667, ISBN 1-4021-5159-4, Unabridged translation of the Cantonese original
  7. ^ Christopher Munn (2001), Anglo-China: Chinese People and British Rule in Hong Kong (in German), London: Routledge, pp. 205, ISBN 0-7007-1298-4
  8. ^ Solomon Bard (2002), Voices from the Past: Hong Kong 1842-1918 (in German), Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp. 28, ISBN 962-209-574-7

Further reading