|1-2% of The Gambia's population|
|Krio language, English|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Americo Liberian, African American, Black British, Gold Coast Euro-Africans, Sierra Leone Creoles, Afro-Caribbeans|
The Gambian Creole people, or Krio or Aku, are a minority ethnic group of Gambia with connections to and roots from the Sierra Leone Creole people. In Gambia the Aku account for about 2% of the population. Some estimates put the figure higher. However, according to the 2013 Gambian Census, the Aku make up 0.5% of the population or around 8,477 people.
Gambian Creoles are the descendants of Sierra Leoneans of Nova Scotian, Jamaican Maroon and Liberated African ancestry, who migrated to the Gambia, along with liberated Africans released in the Gambia directly.
Gambian Creoles are partly an extension of the Sierra Leone Creole community, and some Gambian Creoles have roots in the West Indies, North America, England, and various African communities. Some Gambian Creoles also have some European heritage through intermarriage and through their connections to Sierra Leone Creoles who settled in the Gambia between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
|Population Change |
Many Gambian Creoles speak the Krio language, an English-based creole also spoken by Sierra Leonean Creoles.
In Sierra Leone, the term 'Aku Marabout' or 'Aku Mohammedan' refers to the Oku people, while in the Gambia, the term 'Aku' refers to the Creole people, who are Christians residing mainly in and around Banjul. The Aku Marabout people of the Gambia are a non-Creole migrant community descended from the Oku people of Sierra Leone.
This is a list of notable Gambian Creole people.