United Negro College Fund
UNCF.svg
AbbreviationUNCF
FoundedApril 25, 1944; 78 years ago (1944-04-25)
FounderFrederick D. Patterson
Mary McLeod Bethune
TypeEducational
13-1624241[1]
Legal status501(c)(3)[1]
PurposeTo build a pathway of educational support from K–12 through college and career.
Headquarters1805 7th Street NW,
Washington, D.C. 20001
Coordinates38°54′51″N 77°01′17″W / 38.9143°N 77.0214°W / 38.9143; -77.0214Coordinates: 38°54′51″N 77°01′17″W / 38.9143°N 77.0214°W / 38.9143; -77.0214
Area served
United States
Dr. Michael L. Lomax[2]
Revenue (2018)
$89,277,523[3]
Expenses (2018)$171,722,769[3]
Endowment$103,734,086 (2018)[3]
Employees (2017)
281[3]
Volunteers (2017)
2,584[3]
Websitewww.uncf.org

UNCF, the United Negro College Fund, also known as the United Fund, is an American philanthropic organization that funds scholarships for black students and general scholarship funds for 37 private historically black colleges and universities. UNCF was incorporated on April 25, 1944, by Frederick D. Patterson (then president of what is now Tuskegee University), Mary McLeod Bethune, and others. UNCF is headquartered at 1805 7th Street, NW in Washington, D.C.[4] In 2005, UNCF supported approximately 65,000 students at over 900 colleges and universities with approximately $113 million in grants and scholarships. About 60% of these students are the first in their families to attend college, and 62% have annual family incomes of less than $25,000. UNCF also administers over 450 named scholarships.

UNCF's president and chief executive officer is Michael Lomax. Past presidents of the UNCF included William H. Gray[5] and Vernon Jordan.[6]

Scholarships

Though founded to address funding inequities in education resources for African Americans, UNCF-administered scholarships are open to all ethnicities; the great majority of recipients are still African-American. It provides scholarships to students attending its member colleges as well as to those going elsewhere.[7]

Graduates of UNCF member institutions and scholarships have included many Black people in the fields of business, politics, health care and the arts. Some prominent UNCF alumni include: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and leader in the civil rights movement; Alexis Herman, former U.S. Secretary of Labor; movie director Spike Lee; actor Samuel L. Jackson; General Chappie James, the U.S. Air Force’s first black four-star general; and Dr. David Satcher, a former U.S. Surgeon General and director of the Centers for Disease Control.[8]

History

In 1944 William J. Trent, a long time activist for education for black people, joined with Tuskegee Institute President Frederick D. Patterson and Mary McLeod Bethune to found the UNCF, a nonprofit that united college presidents to raise money collectively through an "appeal to the national conscience". As the first executive director from the organization's start in 1944 until 1964, Trent raised $78 million for historically Black colleges so they could become "strong citadels of learning, carriers of the American dream, seedbeds of social evolution and revolution".[9] In 2008, reflecting shifting attitudes toward the word Negro in its name, the UNCF shifted from using its full name to using only its initials, releasing a new logo with the initials alone and featuring their slogan more prominently.[10][11]

Fundraising and the Lou Rawls Parade of Stars

United Negro College Fund headquarters in Washington, D.C.
United Negro College Fund headquarters in Washington, D.C.

The UNCF has received charitable donations for its scholarship programs. One of the more high-profile donations made was by then-senator and future U.S. President John F. Kennedy who donated the money from the Pulitzer Prize for his book Profiles in Courage to the Fund. Another significant donation was made in 1990 by Walter Annenberg, who donated $50 million to the fund.[12]

Beginning in 1980, singer Lou Rawls began the "Lou Rawls Parade of Stars" telethon to benefit the UNCF. The annual event, now known as "An Evening of Stars", consists of stories of successful African-American students who have graduated or benefited from one of the many historically black colleges and universities and who received support from the UNCF. The telethon featured comedy and musical performances from various artists in support of the UNCF's and Rawls' efforts. The event has raised over $200 million in 27 shows for the fund through 2006.[13]

In January 2004, Rawls was honored by the United Negro College Fund for his more than 25 years of charity work with the organization. Instead of Rawls' hosting and performing, he was given the seat of honor and celebrated by his performing colleagues, including Stevie Wonder, The O'Jays, Gerald Levert, Ashanti, and several others. Before his death in January 2006, Rawls' last performance was a taping for the 2006 telethon that honored Wonder, months before entering the hospital after being diagnosed with cancer earlier in the year.[13]

In addition to the telethon, there are a number of other fundraising activities, including the "Walk for Education" held annually in Los Angeles, California, which includes a five kilometer walk/run. In Houston, Texas, the Cypresswood Golf Club hosts an annual golf tournament in April.[14]

In 2014, Koch Industries Inc. and the Charles Koch Foundation made a $25 million grant to UNCF.[15] In protest of the Kochs, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, a major labor union, ended its yearly $50,000–60,000 support for UNCF.[16]

In June 2020, philanthropists Reed Hastings and his wife Patty Quillin donated $120 million to the UNCF to be used as scholarship funds for students enrolled at UNCF institutions. Their single donation is the largest in UNCF history.[17][18]

The UNCF motto

In 1972, the UNCF adopted as its motto the maxim "A mind is a terrible thing to waste." This maxim has become one of the most widely recognized slogans in advertising history.[19] The motto was notably mangled in a 1989 address to the organization by then–Vice President of the United States Dan Quayle, who stated: "And you take the U.N.C.F. model that what a waste it is to lose one's mind or not to have a mind is being very wasteful. How true that is."[20] The motto, which has been used in numerous award-winning UNCF ad campaigns, was created by Forest Long, of the advertising agency Young & Rubicam, in partnership with the Ad Council.[21]

A lesser-known slogan the UNCF also uses, in reference to its intended beneficiaries, points out that they're "not asking for a handout, just a hand."[22]

UNCF Member Institutions

Alabama

Arkansas

Florida

Georgia

Louisiana

Mississippi

North Carolina

Ohio

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

Member HBCUs (Table Version)

Name City State Established Endowment Students Religious affiliation Sporting affiliations
Allen University Columbia South Carolina 1870 $0.31 million 817 African Methodist Episcopal Church NAIA, AAC
Benedict College Columbia South Carolina 1870 $21.6 million 2,040 American Baptist Churches USA NCAA Division II, SIAC
Bennett College Greensboro North Carolina 1873 $13.7 million 311 United Methodist Church unaffiliated
Bethune-Cookman University Daytona Beach Florida 1904 $28.9 million 2,901 United Methodist Church NCAA Division I FCS, SWAC
Claflin University Orangeburg South Carolina 1869 $28.6 million 2,070 United Methodist Church NCAA Division II, CIAA
Clark Atlanta University Atlanta Georgia 1865 $72.5 million 3,920 United Methodist Church NCAA Division II, SIAC
Dillard University New Orleans Louisiana 1869 $94.2 million 1,225 United Church of Christ,

United Methodist Church

NAIA, GCAC
Edward Waters College Jacksonville Florida 1866 $1.68 million 3,085 African Methodist Episcopal Church NCAA Division II, SIAC
Fisk University Nashville Tennessee 1866 $25.5 million 874 United Church of Christ NAIA, GCAC
Florida Memorial University Miami Gardens Florida 1879 $4.0 million 1,097 American Baptist Churches USA NAIA, TSC
Huston–Tillotson University Austin Texas 1875 $10.9 million 1,121 United Methodist Church,

United Church of Christ

NAIA, RRAC
Interdenominational Theological Center Atlanta Georgia 1958 $7.68 million 265 n/a n/a
Jarvis Christian College Hawkins Texas 1912 $10.7 million 867 Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) NAIA, RRAC
Johnson C. Smith University Charlotte North Carolina 1867 $69.0 million 1,494 Presbyterian Church (USA) NCAA Division II, CIAA
Lane College Jackson Tennessee 1882 $4.9 million 1,267 Christian Methodist Episcopal Church NCAA Division II, SIAC
LeMoyne-Owen College Memphis Tennessee 1968 $12.2 million 835 United Church of Christ NCAA Division II, SIAC
Livingstone College Salisbury North Carolina 1879 $4.97 million 1,122 African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church NCAA Division II, CIAA
Miles College Birmingham Alabama 1898 $23.3 million 1,456 CME Church NCAA Division II, SIAC
Morehouse College Atlanta Georgia 1867 $156.0 million 2,238 n/a NCAA Division II, SIAC
Morris College Sumter South Carolina 1908 $10.3 million 600 Baptist Educational and Missionary Convention of South Carolina NAIAIndependent
Oakwood University Huntsville Alabama 1896 $19.7 million 1,526 Seventh-day Adventist Church USCAA Division I
Paine College Augusta Georgia 1882 $12.1 million 448 United Methodist Church,

Christian Methodist Episcopal Church

NCCAA
Philander Smith College Little Rock Arkansas 1877 $9.28 million 996 United Methodist Church NAIA, GCAC
Rust College Holly Springs Mississippi 1866 $37.0 million 738 United Methodist Church NAIA, GCAC
Saint Augustine's University Raleigh North Carolina 1867 $20.6 million 899 Episcopal Church NCAA Division II, CIAA
Shaw University Raleigh North Carolina 1865 $10.9 million 1,291 National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.,

American Baptist Churches, USA

NCAA Division II, CIAA
Spelman College Atlanta Georgia 1881 $390.0 million 2,120 n/a n/a
Stillman College Tuscaloosa Alabama 1876 $19.1 million 861 Presbyterian Church (USA) NAIA, SSAC
Talladega College Talladega Alabama 1867 $2.59 million 1,239 United Church of Christ NAIA, SSAC
Texas College Tyler Texas 1894 $5.43 million 940 Christian Methodist Episcopal Church NAIARRAC, SAC
Tougaloo College Tougaloo Mississippi 1869 $17.6 million 716 United Church of Christ,

Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)

NAIA, GCAC
Tuskegee University Tuskegee Alabama 1881 $129.0 million 2,876 n/a NCAA Division II, SIAC
Virginia Union University Richmond Virginia 1865 $33.4 million 1,451 American Baptist Churches USA NCAA Division II, CIAA
Voorhees College Denmark South Carolina 1897 $8.06 million 510 Episcopal Church NAIAIndependent
Wilberforce University Wilberforce Ohio 1856 $6.71 million 566 African Methodist Episcopal Church NAIAIndependent
Wiley College Marshall Texas 1879 $6.17 million 712 United Methodist Church NAIA, RRAC
Xavier University of Louisiana New Orleans Louisiana 1925 $171.0 million 3,325 Catholic (Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament) NAIA, RRAC

References

  1. ^ a b "United Negro College Fund Inc". Tax Exempt Organization Search. Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  2. ^ "Dr. Michael L. Lomax". United Negro College Fund. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". United Negro College Fund Inc. Guidestar. March 31, 2018.
  4. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2013-10-02 at the Wayback Machine". United Negro College Fund. Accessed October 8, 2013.
  5. ^ "75+ Years Strong: Highlights from UNCF's History". UNCF. March 14, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  6. ^ "UNCF Mourns the Passing of Vernon Jordan, Former Executive Director". UNCF. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  7. ^ "UNCF Faq". UNCF. November 7, 2008. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  8. ^ "UNCF". UNCF. November 7, 2008. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  9. ^ Wharton Alumni Magazine, Spring 2007
  10. ^ Quenqua, Douglas (January 17, 2008). "Revising a Name, but Not a Familiar Slogan". The New York Times.
  11. ^ Schmidt, Peter (January 17, 2008). "United Negro College Fund Decides Its Great Tag Line Is a Terrible Thing to Waste". The Chronicle of Higher Education.
  12. ^ B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library Archived February 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ a b "Archived copy". www.prnewstoday.com. Archived from the original on March 13, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "UNCF Events". UNCF. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  15. ^ Sullivan, Sean (June 6, 2014). "Koch brothers donate $25 million to United Negro College Fund". Washington Post. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  16. ^ "Union halts support for United Negro College Fund over Koch brothers' grant". New York Post. Associated Press. July 10, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  17. ^ Bursztynsky, Jessica (June 17, 2020). "Netflix CEO Reed Hastings donating $120 million to historically Black institutions". CNBC. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  18. ^ "Netflix CEO is donating $120 million to HBCUs, wants it to celebrate "great black achievement"". www.cbsnews.com. June 17, 2020. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  19. ^ [1] Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Dowd, Maureen. "The Education of Dan Quayle". The New York Times. June 25, 1989.
  21. ^ See the UNCF website.
  22. ^ Gasman, Marybeth (2007). Envisioning Black Colleges: A History of the United Negro College Fund (page 192). Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  23. ^ "Member Colleges". UNCF. Retrieved February 27, 2022.