This is a glossary of environmental science.

Environmental science is the study of interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Environmental science provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental systems.







* available energy – energy with the potential to do work (exergy);
* delivered energy – energy delivered to and used by a household, usually gas and electricity;
* direct energy - the energy being currently used, used mostly at home (delivered energy) and for fuels used mainly for transport;
* embodied energy - t the energy expended over the entire life cycle of a good or service OR the energy involved in the extraction of basic materials, processing/manufacture, transport and disposal of a product OR the energy required to provide a good or service;
* geothermal energy – heat emitted from within the Earth’s crust as hot water or steam and used to generate electricity after transformation;
* hydro energy – potential and kinetic energy of water used to generate electricity;
* indirect energy – the energy generated in, and accounted for, by the wider economy as a consequence of an agent’s actions or demands;
* kinetic energy - the energy possessed by a body because of its motion;
* nuclear energy - energy released by reactions within atomic nuclei, as in nuclear fission or fusion (also called atomic energy);
* operational energy – the energy used in carrying out a particular operation;
* potential energy – the energy possessed by a body as a result of its position or condition e.g. coiled springs and charged batteries have potential energy;
* primary energy – forms of energy obtained directly from nature, the energy in raw fuels (electricity from the grid is not primary energy), used mostly in energy statistics when compiling energy balances;
* solar energy – solar radiation used for hot water production and electricity generation (does not include passive solar energy to heat and cool buildings etc.);
* secondary energy – primary energies are transformed in energy conversion processes to more convenient secondary forms such as electrical energy and cleaner fuels;
* stationary energy – that energy that is other than transport fuels and fugitive emissions, used mostly for production of electricity but also for manufacturing and processing and in agriculture, fisheries etc.;
* tidal/ocean/wave energy– mechanical energy from water movement used to generate electricity;
* useful energy – available energy used to increase system production and efficiency;
* wind energy – kinetic energy of wind used for electricity generation using turbines








considered ideal for gardening and agricultural uses.












See also


  1. ^ Hamilton, C. & Denniss, R. (2005). Affluenza: when too much is never enough. Allen & Unwin, St Leonards, Sydney.
  2. ^ Brodin, Y-W. (ed.) 1992. "The critical load concept: an instrument to combat acidification and nutrient enrichment." Ambio 21: 332–387.
  3. ^ [1] Freegan web site
  4. ^ [2] freegan web site
  5. ^ Levine, J. (2004). Not buying it: my year without shopping.
  6. ^ [3] on-line dictionary for genetic engineering
  7. ^ Nye, J.S. & Donohue, J. (eds) 2000. Governance in a globalizing world. Brookings Institution, Washington.
  8. ^ Journal of Industrial Ecology (since 1997)
  9. ^ International Society for Industrial Ecology (since 2001)
  10. ^ Progress in Industrial Ecology (since 2004)
  11. ^ [4] United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  12. ^ [5] Trile Bottom Line Accounting
  13. ^ [6] United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  14. ^ "Home".
  15. ^ Acc. 26 Nov 2007 Archived 2008-07-05 at the Wayback Machine Hoekstra & Chapagain's Water Offset Calculator for the construction industry, the food and beverage sector and other corporations or organisations.
(multilingual environmental glossary in 28 languages: ar, bg, cs, da, de, el, en, es, et, eu, fi, fr, hu, is, it, lt, lv, mt, nl, no, pl, pt, ro, ru, sk, sl, sv, tr)