Jackson County
Jackson County courthouse
Jackson County courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Jackson County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°19′N 90°49′W / 44.32°N 90.81°W / 44.32; -90.81
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1853
Named forAndrew Jackson
SeatBlack River Falls
Largest cityBlack River Falls
Area
 • Total1,000 sq mi (3,000 km2)
 • Land988 sq mi (2,560 km2)
 • Water13 sq mi (30 km2)  1.3%%
Population
 • Total21,145
 • Density21.4/sq mi (8.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts3rd, 7th
Websitewww.co.jackson.wi.us

Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2020 census, the population was 21,145.[1] Its county seat is Black River Falls.[2] Jackson County was formed from Crawford County in 1853. It was named for President Andrew Jackson.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,000 square miles (2,600 km2), of which 988 square miles (2,560 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.3%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Railroads

Buses

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18604,170
18707,68784.3%
188013,28572.8%
189015,79718.9%
190017,46610.6%
191017,075−2.2%
192017,7463.9%
193016,468−7.2%
194016,5990.8%
195016,073−3.2%
196015,151−5.7%
197015,3251.1%
198016,8319.8%
199016,588−1.4%
200019,10015.1%
201020,4497.1%
202021,1453.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010[9] 2020[1]

2020 census

As of the census of 2020,[1] the population was 21,145. The population density was 21.4 inhabitants per square mile (8.3/km2). There were 9,613 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile (3.7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.8% White, 6.5% Native American, 2.1% Black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Ethnically, the population was 3.2% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Jackson County
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Jackson County

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 19,100 people, 7,070 households, and 4,835 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 8,029 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.58% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 6.16% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.4% were of German, 30.2% Norwegian and 5.2% Irish ancestry. 94.7% spoke English, 2.2% Spanish and 1.5% Winnebago as their first language.

There were 7,070 households, out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 29.40% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 114.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.30 males.

In 2017, there were 227 births, giving a general fertility rate of 74.0 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 10th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties. Of these, 14 of the births occurred at home.[11] Additionally, there were 7 reported induced abortions performed on women of Jackson County residence in 2017.[12]

Communities

Jackson County townships map
Jackson County townships map
Fairgrounds
Fairgrounds
Jackson County sign on County Highway HH
Jackson County sign on County Highway HH

City

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost towns/neighborhoods

Politics

United States presidential election results for Jackson County, Wisconsin[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,791 56.86% 4,256 41.79% 137 1.35%
2016 4,906 52.94% 3,818 41.20% 543 5.86%
2012 3,900 41.88% 5,298 56.89% 115 1.23%
2008 3,552 38.40% 5,572 60.23% 127 1.37%
2004 4,387 45.11% 5,249 53.97% 90 0.93%
2000 3,670 43.60% 4,380 52.04% 367 4.36%
1996 2,262 31.08% 3,705 50.90% 1,312 18.02%
1992 2,644 31.41% 3,681 43.73% 2,093 24.86%
1988 3,555 47.29% 3,924 52.20% 38 0.51%
1984 4,386 55.81% 3,427 43.61% 46 0.59%
1980 4,327 50.80% 3,629 42.61% 561 6.59%
1976 3,406 46.89% 3,735 51.42% 123 1.69%
1972 3,937 60.79% 2,445 37.75% 94 1.45%
1968 3,172 52.88% 2,293 38.22% 534 8.90%
1964 2,532 39.83% 3,818 60.06% 7 0.11%
1960 3,950 57.98% 2,849 41.82% 14 0.21%
1956 3,614 56.66% 2,755 43.20% 9 0.14%
1952 4,235 59.89% 2,819 39.87% 17 0.24%
1948 2,553 45.89% 2,921 52.51% 89 1.60%
1944 3,182 50.86% 3,040 48.59% 34 0.54%
1940 3,741 48.08% 3,975 51.09% 64 0.82%
1936 2,235 32.02% 4,537 65.01% 207 2.97%
1932 1,983 33.50% 3,813 64.42% 123 2.08%
1928 4,353 75.17% 1,364 23.55% 74 1.28%
1924 1,662 32.24% 255 4.95% 3,238 62.81%
1920 3,652 85.93% 410 9.65% 188 4.42%
1916 1,866 64.17% 963 33.12% 79 2.72%
1912 1,398 52.77% 606 22.88% 645 24.35%
1908 2,603 77.91% 631 18.89% 107 3.20%
1904 2,746 82.76% 479 14.44% 93 2.80%
1900 2,639 77.73% 651 19.18% 105 3.09%
1896 2,710 74.57% 778 21.41% 146 4.02%
1892 2,078 59.76% 1,160 33.36% 239 6.87%

Economy

The county's largest employer is the Ho-Chunk Nation, which employs roughly 3100 people combined in Jackson and Sauk counties.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "2020 Decennial Census: Jackson County, Wisconsin". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 167.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ "Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables". Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  12. ^ Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  14. ^ http://witribes.wi.gov/docview.asp?docid=5638&locid=57[bare URL PDF]

Further reading

Coordinates: 44°19′N 90°49′W / 44.32°N 90.81°W / 44.32; -90.81