La Crosse County
La Crosse County Courthouse
La Crosse County Courthouse
Official seal of La Crosse County
Map of Wisconsin highlighting La Crosse County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°55′N 91°07′W / 43.91°N 91.11°W / 43.91; -91.11
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1851
SeatLa Crosse
Largest cityLa Crosse
Area
 • Total480 sq mi (1,200 km2)
 • Land452 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 • Water28 sq mi (70 km2)  5.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total120,784
 • Estimate 
(2022)
120,294 Decrease
 • Density250/sq mi (97/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.lacrossecounty.org

La Crosse County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. At the 2020 census, the population was 120,784.[1] Its county seat is La Crosse.[2] La Crosse County is included in the La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area with a population of 139,627 and is the most populous county on Wisconsin's western border.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 480 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 452 square miles (1,170 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (5.9%) is water.[3]

Major highways

Railroads

Buses

Airport

Adjacent counties

Climate

La Crosse County's location in the United States' upper midwest gives the area a temperate, continental climate.[4] The warmest month of the year is July, when the average high temperature is 85.4 °F (29.7 °C), with overnight low temperatures averaging 27.4 °F (−2.6 °C). January is the coldest month, with high temperatures averaging 25.9 °F (−3.4 °C), with the overnight low temperatures around 10.5 °F (−11.9 °C).[5]

Climate data for La Crosse Regional Airport, Wisconsin (1981–2010 normals,[6] extremes 1872–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 57
(14)
65
(18)
84
(29)
93
(34)
107
(42)
102
(39)
108
(42)
105
(41)
101
(38)
93
(34)
80
(27)
67
(19)
108
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 45.4
(7.4)
50.5
(10.3)
69.0
(20.6)
82.2
(27.9)
87.8
(31.0)
93.6
(34.2)
95.7
(35.4)
94.0
(34.4)
89.2
(31.8)
80.6
(27.0)
64.0
(17.8)
48.1
(8.9)
97.7
(36.5)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 25.9
(−3.4)
31.4
(−0.3)
43.9
(6.6)
59.3
(15.2)
70.7
(21.5)
80.0
(26.7)
84.1
(28.9)
81.5
(27.5)
73.2
(22.9)
59.9
(15.5)
43.8
(6.6)
29.1
(−1.6)
57.0
(13.9)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 8.9
(−12.8)
13.6
(−10.2)
25.2
(−3.8)
37.9
(3.3)
48.7
(9.3)
58.5
(14.7)
63.2
(17.3)
61.3
(16.3)
52.4
(11.3)
40.4
(4.7)
28.1
(−2.2)
14.2
(−9.9)
37.8
(3.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −13.8
(−25.4)
−10.4
(−23.6)
3.9
(−15.6)
21.7
(−5.7)
34.1
(1.2)
44.6
(7.0)
51.5
(10.8)
49.3
(9.6)
36.5
(2.5)
25.4
(−3.7)
12.0
(−11.1)
−8.7
(−22.6)
−18.4
(−28.0)
Record low °F (°C) −43
(−42)
−36
(−38)
−28
(−33)
7
(−14)
26
(−3)
33
(1)
44
(7)
35
(2)
24
(−4)
6
(−14)
−21
(−29)
−37
(−38)
−43
(−42)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.12
(28)
1.05
(27)
2.04
(52)
3.34
(85)
3.52
(89)
4.34
(110)
4.26
(108)
4.29
(109)
3.56
(90)
2.17
(55)
2.01
(51)
1.36
(35)
33.06
(840)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.7
(27)
8.2
(21)
7.1
(18)
1.7
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
4.1
(10)
11.3
(29)
43.3
(110)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.1 8.0 9.8 11.2 11.9 11.5 10.4 9.8 9.6 9.3 9.0 9.2 118.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 7.8 6.4 4.3 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 3.1 7.0 30.1
Source: NOAA[7][8]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
186012,186
187020,29766.6%
188027,07333.4%
189038,80143.3%
190042,99710.8%
191043,9962.3%
192044,3550.8%
193054,45522.8%
194059,6539.5%
195067,58713.3%
196072,4657.2%
197080,46811.0%
198091,05613.2%
199097,9047.5%
2000107,1209.4%
2010114,6387.0%
2020120,7845.4%
2022 (est.)120,294[9]−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2020[14][15]

As of the census of 2020,[16] the population was 120,784. The population density was 267.3 people per square mile (103.2 people/km2). There were 52,774 housing units at an average density of 116.8 units per square mile (45.1 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.0% White, 4.6% Asian, 1.7% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% from other races, and 4.4% from two or more races. Ethnically, the population was 2.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 Census Age Pyramid for La Crosse County

According to 2014–2018 ACS estimates, the median household income was $55,479 and the median family income was $67,388. Males had a median income of $48,675 and females $38,714. The per capita income was $26,065. About 9.1% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.[17]

At the 2010 census,[18] there were 114,638 people, 46,137 households and 27,373 families residing in the county. The population density was 255 per square mile (98/km2). There were 46,137 housing units at an average density of 96 per square mile (37/km2). The racial make up was 92.1% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.9% were of German, 20.3% Norwegian and 7.9% Irish ancestry. In 2017, there were 1,188 births, giving a general fertility rate of 47.9 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the fifth lowest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.[19]

Government

Politics

La Crosse County has voted for the Democratic nominee in every presidential election since 1988.[24] The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel ranked La Crosse County as one of Wisconsin's most Democratic counties.[25] As a result of the 2020 presidential election, La Crosse County continued its Democratic trend by about 4% with a 13% lead over Republicans.[26] In the 2022 United States elections Democrats won every contested race in La Crosse County and flipped the Sheriff's race for the first time in recent history.[27]

La Crosse County is within the Wisconsin State Senate district 32, represented by Brad Pfaff (D). It also contains Wisconsin State Assembly districts 95 Jill Billings (D) and 94 Steve Doyle (D). Democrats also hold a majority of seats on the La Crosse County Board of Supervisors.

United States presidential election results for La Crosse County, Wisconsin[28]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 28,684 42.25% 37,846 55.75% 1,354 1.99%
2016 26,378 41.43% 32,406 50.89% 4,890 7.68%
2012 25,751 40.58% 36,693 57.82% 1,018 1.60%
2008 23,701 37.49% 38,524 60.94% 993 1.57%
2004 28,289 45.53% 33,170 53.38% 677 1.09%
2000 24,327 43.79% 28,455 51.22% 2,777 5.00%
1996 16,482 35.83% 23,647 51.41% 5,872 12.76%
1992 18,891 36.14% 22,838 43.69% 10,544 20.17%
1988 21,548 48.90% 22,204 50.39% 314 0.71%
1984 25,721 58.77% 17,787 40.64% 261 0.60%
1980 23,427 51.73% 17,304 38.21% 4,554 10.06%
1976 24,188 58.06% 16,674 40.02% 797 1.91%
1972 21,992 63.29% 12,152 34.97% 602 1.73%
1968 17,433 55.76% 11,570 37.00% 2,264 7.24%
1964 13,135 44.07% 16,625 55.78% 43 0.14%
1960 18,319 56.08% 14,310 43.81% 36 0.11%
1956 18,264 61.66% 11,258 38.01% 100 0.34%
1952 19,271 61.90% 11,808 37.93% 53 0.17%
1948 10,525 45.25% 12,345 53.07% 390 1.68%
1944 12,784 50.93% 12,247 48.79% 72 0.29%
1940 13,711 50.92% 13,079 48.58% 134 0.50%
1936 7,558 33.09% 14,455 63.29% 827 3.62%
1932 7,686 36.94% 12,919 62.10% 200 0.96%
1928 11,321 55.78% 8,877 43.74% 97 0.48%
1924 5,733 32.49% 1,252 7.09% 10,662 60.42%
1920 10,067 73.96% 2,588 19.01% 956 7.02%
1916 3,597 44.37% 4,123 50.86% 386 4.76%
1912 2,272 28.28% 4,263 53.07% 1,498 18.65%
1908 4,382 50.15% 4,054 46.40% 301 3.45%
1904 5,506 61.76% 3,089 34.65% 320 3.59%
1900 5,324 58.24% 3,609 39.48% 208 2.28%
1896 6,297 64.58% 3,058 31.36% 396 4.06%
1892 3,693 42.88% 3,810 44.24% 1,110 12.89%

Communities

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: La Crosse County, Wisconsin". www.census.gov. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  4. ^ "Wisconsin State Climatology Office". University of Wisconsin. 2023. Retrieved November 1, 2023.
  5. ^ "La Crosse Climate Data". Wisconsin State Climatology Office. University of Wisconsin. 2023. Retrieved November 1, 2023.
  6. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  7. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  8. ^ "Station Name: WI LA CROSSE MUNI AP". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022". Retrieved July 22, 2023.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  14. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/lacrossecountywisconsin,lacrossecitywisconsin,detroitcitymichigan,US/PST045219[dead link]
  15. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  16. ^ "2020 Decennial Census: La Crosse County, Wisconsin". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2022.
  17. ^ "La Crosse County, Wisconsin". data.census.gov. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  18. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  19. ^ "Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables". Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 19, 2019.
  20. ^ Tribune, Olivia Herken La Crosse. "3 longtime supervisors named to lead La Crosse County Board". La Crosse Tribune. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  21. ^ "Treasurer".
  22. ^ http://www.co.la-crosse.wi.us/CoDirctry/2SupervDist.pdf Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine[bare URL PDF]
  23. ^ "La Crosse County Administrator".
  24. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  25. ^ Gilbert, Craig (December 3, 2014). "The reddest and bluest places in Wisconsin". Jsonline.com. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  26. ^ VETTERKIND, RILEY. "Cities propelled Joe Biden to Wisconsin win as rural areas double down on Donald Trump". La Crosse Tribune. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  27. ^ Tribune, Chloe Hilles La Crosse. "Majority of voters in La Crosse County cast ballots for Democrats even with decrease in voter turnout". La Crosse Tribune. Retrieved January 3, 2023.
  28. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". US Election Atlas. Retrieved August 14, 2018.

Further reading

43°55′N 91°07′W / 43.91°N 91.11°W / 43.91; -91.11