Polk County
Polk County Highway Department in Balsam Lake
Polk County Highway Department in Balsam Lake
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Polk County
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°28′N 92°26′W / 45.46°N 92.44°W / 45.46; -92.44
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Founded1853
Named forJames K. Polk[1]
SeatBalsam Lake
Largest cityAmery
Area
 • Total956 sq mi (2,480 km2)
 • Land914 sq mi (2,370 km2)
 • Water42 sq mi (110 km2)  4.4%%
Population
 • Total44,977
 • Density49.2/sq mi (19.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.co.polk.wi.us

Polk County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2020 census, the population was 44,977.[2] Its county seat is Balsam Lake.[3] The county was created in 1853.[4]

Geography

Soils of Polk County[5]
Soils of Polk County[5]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 956 square miles (2,480 km2), of which 914 square miles (2,370 km2) is land and 42 square miles (110 km2) (4.4%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Railroads

Buses

Airports

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,400
18703,422144.4%
188010,018192.8%
189012,96829.4%
190017,80137.3%
191021,36720.0%
192026,87025.8%
193026,567−1.1%
194026,197−1.4%
195024,944−4.8%
196024,9680.1%
197026,6666.8%
198032,35121.3%
199034,7737.5%
200041,31918.8%
201044,2057.0%
202044,9771.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010[11] 2020[2]

2020 census

As of the census of 2020,[2] the population was 44,977. The population density was 49.2 inhabitants per square mile (19.0/km2). There were 24,129 housing units at an average density of 26.4 per square mile (10.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.5% White, 0.9% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% Black or African American, 0.8% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Ethnically, the population was 2.1% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Polk County
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Polk County

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 41,319 people, 16,254 households, and 11,329 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 21,129 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.64% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 1.06% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.4% were of German, 18.6% Norwegian, 11.3% Swedish, 5.5% Irish and 5.3% American ancestry.

There were 16,254 households, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males.

In 2017, there were 400 births, giving a general fertility rate of 56.0 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 14th lowest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties.[13]

Education

Communities

The sign for Polk County while entering Wisconsin on US8
The sign for Polk County while entering Wisconsin on US8

Cities

Villages

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

Politics

United States presidential election results for Polk County, Wisconsin[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 16,611 62.99% 9,370 35.53% 390 1.48%
2016 13,810 60.72% 7,565 33.26% 1,370 6.02%
2012 12,094 53.58% 10,073 44.62% 406 1.80%
2008 11,282 49.83% 10,876 48.03% 485 2.14%
2004 12,095 51.46% 11,173 47.54% 235 1.00%
2000 9,557 48.36% 8,961 45.34% 1,244 6.29%
1996 5,387 32.82% 8,334 50.78% 2,692 16.40%
1992 5,446 30.14% 7,746 42.86% 4,879 27.00%
1988 6,866 42.98% 8,981 56.22% 128 0.80%
1984 8,106 49.82% 8,034 49.38% 129 0.79%
1980 7,207 44.23% 7,607 46.68% 1,482 9.09%
1976 6,159 41.27% 8,485 56.85% 280 1.88%
1972 6,567 52.40% 5,738 45.78% 228 1.82%
1968 5,583 48.83% 5,179 45.30% 671 5.87%
1964 3,754 34.12% 7,215 65.57% 34 0.31%
1960 6,387 55.23% 5,148 44.51% 30 0.26%
1956 5,894 54.04% 4,985 45.71% 27 0.25%
1952 6,966 61.74% 4,274 37.88% 42 0.37%
1948 3,974 41.52% 5,330 55.68% 268 2.80%
1944 5,329 53.58% 4,489 45.14% 127 1.28%
1940 6,031 53.62% 4,979 44.27% 238 2.12%
1936 3,596 34.25% 5,618 53.51% 1,285 12.24%
1932 3,425 37.10% 5,421 58.72% 386 4.18%
1928 6,905 75.14% 2,177 23.69% 108 1.18%
1924 2,793 37.57% 317 4.26% 4,324 58.17%
1920 4,796 80.47% 752 12.62% 412 6.91%
1916 2,080 51.21% 1,713 42.17% 269 6.62%
1912 848 27.14% 830 26.56% 1,447 46.30%
1908 2,788 72.02% 816 21.08% 267 6.90%
1904 2,985 85.55% 296 8.48% 208 5.96%
1900 2,735 77.48% 694 19.66% 101 2.86%
1896 2,861 74.56% 891 23.22% 85 2.22%
1892 1,477 60.33% 585 23.90% 386 15.77%


See also

References

  1. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 163.
  2. ^ a b c d "2020 Decennial Census: Polk County, Wisconsin". data.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Archived from the original on April 14, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 61 - 64. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  11. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables". Archived from the original on June 19, 2019. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved February 8, 2021.

Further reading

Coordinates: 45°28′N 92°26′W / 45.46°N 92.44°W / 45.46; -92.44