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Prosecutor General of the
Russian Federation
Генеральный Прокурор Российской Федерации  (Russian)
Emblem of the Office of the Prosecutor General of Russia.svg
11-03-2020 Igor Krasnov.png
Incumbent
Igor Krasnov

since 22 January 2020
General Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation
TypePublic procurator
NominatorPresident of Russia
AppointerFederation Council
Term lengthFive years
PrecursorProcurator General of the Soviet Union
Formation28 February 1991
First holderValentin Stepankov
Unofficial namesAttorney General of Russia
Websitegenproc.gov.ru (in Russian)

The Prosecutor General of Russia (also Attorney General of Russia, Russian: Генеральный прокурор Российской Федерации, romanizedGeneralʹnyy prokuror Rossiyskoy Federatsii) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known and heads the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation. The Prosecutor General remains the most powerful component of the Russian judicial system.[1]

Mission

The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with:

  1. prosecution in court on behalf of the State;
  2. representation of the interests of a citizen or of the State in court in cases determined by law;
  3. supervision of the observance of laws by bodies that conduct detective and search activity, inquiry and pretrial investigation;
  4. supervision of the observance of laws in the execution of judicial decisions in criminal cases, and also in the application of other measures of coercion related to the restraint of personal liberty of citizens.

The Prosecutor General leads the General Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation. The prosecutor's offices of subjects of Russian Federation are subordinate to the General Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation, and the prosecutor's offices of cities and raions are subordinate to the prosecutor's offices of subjects of Russian Federation. There are specialized prosecutor's offices (environmental prosecutor's offices, penitentiary prosecutor's offices, transport prosecutor's offices, closed cities prosecutor's offices) which are subordinate to the General Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation and have own subordinated prosecutor's offices. Finally, there is the Chief Military Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation which is subordinated to the General Prosecutor's Office of Russian Federation and have own subordinated military prosecutor's offices (military prosecutor's office of Western Military District, military prosecutor's office of Eastern Military District, military prosecutor's office of Southern Military District, military prosecutor's office of Central Military District, military prosecutor's office of Northern Fleet, military prosecutor's office of Baltic Fleet, military prosecutor's office of Black Sea Fleet, military prosecutor's office of Pacific Fleet, military prosecutor's office of Strategic Missile Forces and Moscow city military prosecutor's office) which in turn have own subordinated military prosecutor's offices (garrison military prosecutor's offices).

Prosecutors in a broad sense are directly prosecutors (who leads prosecutor's offices), their deputies, senior assistants and junior assistants. All of them are federal government officials, have special ranks (Russian: классные чины) and wear special uniform with shoulder marks. Military prosecutors (in a broad sense) are military personnel, have military ranks of commissioned officers and wear military uniform with shoulder marks but they are not subordinate to any military authority (excepting higher military prosecutor).

Appointment

The Prosecutor General is nominated to the office by the President of Russia and appointed by the majority of Federation Council of Russia (the Upper House of the Russian Parliament). If the nomination falls the President must nominate another candidate within 30 days (article 12 of the Federal Law about the Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation[1]). The term of authority of the Prosecutor General is five years. The resignation of the Prosecutor General before the end of his term should be approved by both the majority of Federation Council of Russia and the President.

Constitutional independence

The Prosecutor General and his office are independent from the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of government. The Investigative Committee of Russia, sometimes described as the "Russian FBI", is the main federal investigating authority in Russia, formed in place of the Investigative Committee of the Prosecutor General in 2011.

List of prosecutors general

  Denotes service as acting prosecutors general prior to appointment or after resignation
No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of office Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Valentin Stepankov
Valentin Stepankov
(born 1951)
28 February 19915 October 19932 years, 219 days
2
Aleksey Kazannik
Aleksey Kazannik
(1941–2019)
5 October 199314 March 1994160 days
Aleksey Ilyushenko [ru]
Aleksey Ilyushenko [ru]
(1957–2021)
Acting
26 March 19948 October 19951 year, 196 days
Oleg Gaydanov [ru]
Oleg Gaydanov [ru]
(born 1945)
Acting
8 October 199524 October 199516 days
3
Yury Skuratov
Yury Skuratov
(born 1957)
24 October 19952 February 19993 years, 101 days
Yury Chaika
Yury Chaika
(born 1951)
Acting
2 February 19996 August 1999185 days
Vladimir Ustinov
Vladimir Ustinov
(born 1953)
Acting
6 August 199917 May 2000285 days
4
Vladimir Ustinov
Vladimir Ustinov
(born 1953)
17 May 20002 June 20066 years, 16 days
5
Yury Chaika
Yury Chaika
(born 1951)
23 June 200622 January 202013 years, 213 days
6
Igor Krasnov
Igor Krasnov
(born 1975)
22 January 2020Incumbent2 years, 201 days[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Terrill 2009, p. 433.
  2. ^ "Владимир Путин предложил назначить новым генеральным прокурором замглавы СКР Игоря Краснова. Новости. Первый канал" – via www.1tv.ru.