Other namesSumqaq
AbodeWorld of Darkness
OffspringRuha, Zahreil

In Mandaeism, Qin (Classical Mandaic: ࡒࡉࡍ) is the mother of Ruha and Zahreil, and grandmother of Ur in the World of Darkness (alma ḏ-hšuka) or underworld. In Mandaean texts, she is frequently mentioned as the "queen of darkness." One of her epithets is Sumqaq (Classical Mandaic: ࡎࡅࡌࡒࡀࡒ), which also refers to a well of polluted water in the World of Darkness. Her husband is the demon Anathan.[1]

In Book 5 of the Right Ginza, Qin gives her daughter Zahreil for Hibil Ziwa to marry.[2]


  1. ^ Al-Saadi, Qais Mughashghash; Al-Saadi, Hamed Mughashghash (2019). "Glossary". Ginza Rabba: The Great Treasure. An equivalent translation of the Mandaean Holy Book (2 ed.). Drabsha.
  2. ^ Buckley, Jorunn Jacobsen (2002). The Mandaeans: ancient texts and modern people. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515385-5. OCLC 65198443.