Adathan and Yadathan
Guardians of the Gate of Life
AbodeWorld of Light

In Mandaeism, Adathan (Classical Mandaic: ࡀࡃࡀࡕࡀࡍ) and Yadathan (Classical Mandaic: ࡅࡀࡃࡀࡕࡀࡍ) are a pair of uthras (angel or guardian)[1]: 8  who stand at the Gate of Life in the World of Light (Right Ginza 15.8),[2] praising and worshipping Hayyi Rabbi (Qolasta prayer 77).[3] In the Ginza Rabba and Qolasta, they are always mentioned together.[4] Book 14 of the Right Ginza mentions Adathan and Yadathan as the guardians of the "first river" (yardna qadmayya).[2]

Along with Shilmai and Nidbai, Adathan and Yadathan are among the most frequently invoked uthras in Mandaean prayers, such as in the Asiet Malkia.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Buckley, Jorunn Jacobsen (2002). The Mandaeans: ancient texts and modern people. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515385-5. OCLC 65198443.
  2. ^ a b Gelbert, Carlos (2011). Ginza Rba. Sydney: Living Water Books. ISBN 9780958034630.
  3. ^ Drower, E. S. (1959). The Canonical Prayerbook of the Mandaeans. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 89. ... to praise, honour, magnify and bless Adatan and Yadatan, who stand at the Gate of Life and praise and extol Life, and pray for the spirits and souls of righteous and believing people in the Place of Life.
  4. ^ Al-Saadi, Qais Mughashghash; Al-Saadi, Hamed Mughashghash (2019). "Glossary". Ginza Rabba: The Great Treasure. An equivalent translation of the Mandaean Holy Book (2 ed.). Drabsha.
  5. ^ Drower, Ethel Stefana. 1937. The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran. Oxford At The Clarendon Press.