Other namesAnush Uthra
AbodeMshunia Kushta in the World of Light
Mantra"In the name of Hibil, Šitil, and Anuš" (b-šumaihun ḏ-Hibil u-Šitil u-Anuš)
Jewish equivalentEnos

In Mandaeism, Anush (Classical Mandaic: ࡀࡍࡅࡔ, romanized: Anuš) (also spelled Ennosh[1]) or Anush Uthra (Classical Mandaic: ࡀࡍࡅࡔ ࡏࡅࡕࡓࡀ, romanized: Anuš ʿUtra) is an uthra (angel or guardian) from the World of Light. Anush is considered to be the Mandaean equivalent of Enos.[2]

Prayers in the Qolasta frequently contain the recurring formula "In the name of Hibil, Šitil, and Anuš" (Classical Mandaic: ࡁࡔࡅࡌࡀࡉࡄࡅࡍ ࡖࡄࡉࡁࡉࡋ ࡅࡔࡉࡕࡉࡋ ࡅࡀࡍࡅࡔ b-šumaihun ḏ-Hibil u-Šitil u-Anuš).[3]

The Mshunia Kushta is considered to be the shkina (dwelling) of Anush Uthra.[4]


According to the Mandaean scriptures, including the Qolastā, the Book of John and Genzā Rabbā, Enosh is cognate with the angelic soteriological figure Anush Uthra,[5] (Classical Mandaic: ࡀࡍࡅࡔ ࡏࡅࡕࡓࡀ, romanized: Anuš ʿUtra, sometimes translated as "Excellent Ennosh"),[1] who is spoken of as the son[6] or brother[7] of Shitil (Seth). Anush is a lightworld being (uthra) who taught John the Baptist and performed many of the same miracles within Jerusalem typically ascribed to Jesus by Christians.[8]

See also


  1. ^ a b Häberl, Charles G.; McGrath, James F. (2019). The Mandaean Book of John: Text and Translation (PDF). Open Access Version. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter.
  2. ^ Aldihisi, Sabah (2008). The story of creation in the Mandaean holy book in the Ginza Rba (PhD). University College London.
  3. ^ Buckley, Jorunn Jacobsen (2002). The Mandaeans: ancient texts and modern people. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515385-5. OCLC 65198443.
  4. ^ Drower, E.S. (1960). The Secret Adam - The Study of Nasoraean Gnosis (PDF). London: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ Drower, E.S. (1932). The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran. Gorgias ISBN 978-1931956499.
  6. ^ "Book Twelve: The Second Illumination". Ginza Rabba. Vol. Right Volume. Translated by Al-Saadi, Qais; Al-Saadi, Hamed (2nd ed.). Germany: Drabsha. 2019. pp. 130–135. [Note: this is book 10 in some other editions.]
  7. ^ "Book Five: The Descent of the Savior". Ginza Rabba. Vol. Right Volume. Translated by Al-Saadi, Qais; Al-Saadi, Hamed (2nd ed.). Germany: Drabsha. 2019. pp. 70–83.
  8. ^ McGrath, James F. (9 July 2012). "76 - Anush-Uthra and Christ". The Mandaic Book of John: Translating the ancient text into English for the first time. Archived from the original on 2022-02-13. Retrieved 20 January 2019.