Shitil
Other namesSheetil
AbodeWorld of Light
Mantra"In the name of Hibil, Šitil, and Anuš" (b-šumaihun ḏ-Hibil u-Šitil u-Anuš)
ParentsAdam and Eve
Equivalents
Jewish equivalentSeth

In Mandaeism, Shitil (Classical Mandaic: ࡔࡉࡕࡉࡋ, romanized: Šitil) is an uthra (angel or guardian) from the World of Light. Shitil is considered to be the Mandaean equivalent of Seth.[1]

Prayers in the Qolasta frequently contain the recurring formula, "In the name of Hibil, Šitil, and Anuš" (Classical Mandaic: ࡁࡔࡅࡌࡀࡉࡄࡅࡍ ࡖࡄࡉࡁࡉࡋ ࡅࡔࡉࡕࡉࡋ ࡅࡀࡍࡅࡔ b-šumaihun ḏ-Hibil u-Šitil u-Anuš).[2]

Overview

According to the Mandaean scriptures, including the Qolastā, the Book of John and Genzā Rabbā, the angelic soteriological figure Shitil[3] is a son of Adam Qadmayya ("the first Adam") who taught John the Baptist with his brothers Anush (Enosh) and Hibil Ziwa (Abel).[4] He is variously spoken of as a son of Adam,[5] a brother[6] or son[7] of Hibil, and the brother[6] or father[7][8] of Anush. Sheetil is one of the revealers of Mandaeism, identified as the biblical Seth.[9]

The Left Ginza mentions that Shitil was taken alive to the World of Light without a masiqta (death mass).[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Aldihisi, Sabah (2008). The story of creation in the Mandaean holy book in the Ginza Rba (PhD). University College London.
  2. ^ a b Buckley, Jorunn Jacobsen (2002). The Mandaeans: ancient texts and modern people. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515385-5. OCLC 65198443.
  3. ^ Drower, E.S. (1932). The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran. Gorgias Press.com. ISBN 1931956499.
  4. ^ "The Mandaic Book of John". Archived from the original on 2019-02-02. Retrieved 2022-02-12.
  5. ^ "Book One, 1st Glorification: The Return of Shitil, son of Adam to the World of Light". Ginza Rabba. Vol. Left Volume. Translated by Al-Saadi, Qais; Al-Saadi, Hamed (2nd ed.). Germany: Drabsha. 2019. pp. 1–9.
  6. ^ a b "Book Five: The Descent of the Savior". Ginza Rabba. Vol. Right Volume. Translated by Al-Saadi, Qais; Al-Saadi, Hamed (2nd ed.). Germany: Drabsha. 2019. pp. 70–83.
  7. ^ a b "Book Twelve: The Second Illumination". Ginza Rabba. Vol. Right Volume. Translated by Al-Saadi, Qais; Al-Saadi, Hamed (2nd ed.). Germany: Drabsha. 2019. pp. 130–135. [Note: this is book 10 in some other editions.]
  8. ^ Häberl, Charles (2022). The Book of Kings and the Explanations of This World: A Universal History from the Late Sasanian Empire. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-80085-627-1.
  9. ^ Drower, E. S. (Ethel Stefana) (1937). The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran [microform]; their cults, customs, magic, legends, and folklore. Internet Archive. Oxford : The Clarendon press.