Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesRND1, ARHS, RHO6, RHOS, Rnd1, Rho family GTPase 1
External IDsOMIM: 609038 MGI: 2444878 HomoloGene: 8706 GeneCards: RND1
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 12: 48.86 – 48.87 MbChr 15: 98.56 – 98.58 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Rnd1 is a small (~21 kDa) signaling G protein (to be specific, a GTPase), and is a member of the Rnd subgroup of the Rho family of GTPases.[5] It is encoded by the gene RND1.[6]

It contributes to regulating the organization of the actin cytoskeleton in response to extracellular growth factors (Nobes et al., 1998).[supplied by OMIM][6]


Rnd1 has been shown to interact with GRB7,[7] PLXNB1,[8] PDE6D,[9][10] ARHGAP5[11] and UBXD5.[12]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000172602Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000054855Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Ridley AJ (Oct 2006). "Rho GTPases and actin dynamics in membrane protrusions and vesicle trafficking". Trends in Cell Biology. 16 (10): 522–9. doi:10.1016/j.tcb.2006.08.006. PMID 16949823.
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: RND1 Rho family GTPase 1".
  7. ^ Vayssière B, Zalcman G, Mahé Y, Mirey G, Ligensa T, Weidner KM, Chardin P, Camonis J (Feb 2000). "Interaction of the Grb7 adapter protein with Rnd1, a new member of the Rho family". FEBS Letters. 467 (1): 91–6. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(99)01530-6. PMID 10664463. S2CID 4901644.
  8. ^ Oinuma I, Katoh H, Harada A, Negishi M (Jul 2003). "Direct interaction of Rnd1 with Plexin-B1 regulates PDZ-RhoGEF-mediated Rho activation by Plexin-B1 and induces cell contraction in COS-7 cells". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 278 (28): 25671–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.M303047200. PMID 12730235.
  9. ^ Nancy V, Callebaut I, El Marjou A, de Gunzburg J (Apr 2002). "The delta subunit of retinal rod cGMP phosphodiesterase regulates the membrane association of Ras and Rap GTPases". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 277 (17): 15076–84. doi:10.1074/jbc.M109983200. PMID 11786539.
  10. ^ Hanzal-Bayer M, Renault L, Roversi P, Wittinghofer A, Hillig RC (May 2002). "The complex of Arl2-GTP and PDE delta: from structure to function". The EMBO Journal. 21 (9): 2095–106. doi:10.1093/emboj/21.9.2095. PMC 125981. PMID 11980706.
  11. ^ Wennerberg K, Forget MA, Ellerbroek SM, Arthur WT, Burridge K, Settleman J, Der CJ, Hansen SH (Jul 2003). "Rnd proteins function as RhoA antagonists by activating p190 RhoGAP". Current Biology. 13 (13): 1106–15. Bibcode:2003CBio...13.1106W. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00418-4. PMC 6918695. PMID 12842009.
  12. ^ Katoh H, Harada A, Mori K, Negishi M (May 2002). "Socius is a novel Rnd GTPase-interacting protein involved in disassembly of actin stress fibers". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 22 (9): 2952–64. doi:10.1128/MCB.22.9.2952-2964.2002. PMC 133765. PMID 11940653.

Further reading