Sidney Hartnoll Beard
Mr. Sidney H. Beard.png
Born1862 (1862)
London, England
Died20 October 1938(1938-10-20) (aged 75–76)
Putney, London, England
OccupationVegetarianism activist, writer

Sidney Hartnoll Beard (1862 – 20 October 1938) was an English fruitarian, vegetarian activist and writer. He was President of the international animal rights society, the Order of the Golden Age.

Biography

Beard was born in London. He became a vegetarian in 1894.[1] He re-established the Order of the Golden Age in 1895.[2][3] The Order's headquarters were located at Beard's residence in Ilfracombe.[1] In 1904, the Order's new headquarters were located at Barcombe Hall in Paignton.[1][3]

Beard was the editor of the Herald of the Golden Age (1896–1918), the official journal for the Order of the Golden Age.[2][4] The aim of the journal was to promote the "fruitarian system of living, and to teach its advantages."[4] The journal promoted vegetarianism from a Christian perspective. Beard believed that a vegetarian diet should be pursued as a moral duty.[5] Charles W. Forward described Beard as having "militant enthusiasm, intense earnestness and unswerving faith".[6]

He was married to Annie Patterson.[2] Beard and his wife were spiritualists.[1] He campaigned for the humane treatment of animals as part of his Christian spiritual belief system.[7]

Beard authored A Comprehensive Guide-Book to Natural, Hygienic and Humane Diet, in 1902. The book was criticized by health writer Carl Malmberg for making extremist claims.[8] Beard died in Putney on 20 October 1938.[1]

Fruitarianism

Beard and Josiah Oldfield lectured on the benefits of fruitarianism at the Cambridge Guildhall Council Chamber in 1908.[9] Similar to Oldfield, Beard's type of fruitarianism was not strict and included dairy and eggs. Beard defined fruitarianism as "systematic living upon the various fruits of the earth, instead of upon the products of the shambles."[9] He stated that fruits of the earth included all kinds of cereals, seeds and every variety of nuts, all fruits and every kind of vegetable and this could be supplemented by dairy and egg products.[9] Beard argued that fruitarianism helped one to live a humane and hygienic life with freedom from the butchery of animal flesh.[9]

Selected publications

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Sidney H. Beard (1862-1938)". Order of the Golden Age. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Anonymous. (1978). Who Was Who Among English and European Authors, 1931-1949. Volume 1. Gale Research Company. p. 114. ISBN 0-8103-0400-7
  3. ^ a b Gregory, James. (2007). Of Victorians and Vegetarians: The Vegetarian Movement in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Tauris Academic Studies. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-84511-379-7
  4. ^ a b Kuhn, Philip. (2017). Psychoanalysis in Britain, 1893–1913: Histories and Historiography. Lexington Books. pp. 73-74. ISBN 978-1498505222
  5. ^ Stark, James F. (2018). Replace them by Salads and Vegetables: Dietary Innovation, Youthfulness, and Authority, 1900–1939. Global Food History 4 (2): 130-151.
  6. ^ Forward, Charles W. (1898). Fifty Years of Food Reform: A History of the Vegetarian Movement in England. London: The Ideal Publishing Union. p. 169
  7. ^ Bates, A. W. H. (2017). Anti-Vivisection and the Profession of Medicine in Britain: A Social History. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-137-55696-7
  8. ^ Malmberg, Carl. (1935). Diet and Die. Hillman-Curl, Inc. p. 48
  9. ^ a b c d The Advantage of Fruitarianism: Explained at Cambridge. The Cambridge Independent Press (November 27, 1908). p. 3