The Vegan Society
FoundedNovember 1944; 77 years ago (1944-11)
Founders
TypeCharity
FocusPromoting veganism
Location
Area served
International
MethodInformation, support, campaigns
Members
8,500 (in 2021)
CEO
George Gill (interim)
Employees
53 full-time equivalents in 2020[1]
Websitewww.vegansociety.com
Vegan Trademark for the labelling of vegan products
Vegan Trademark logo.png
The Vegan Trademark is a registered trademark that registers products as vegan.
Effective regionUnited Kingdom
Effective since27 February 1990
Legal statusRecognised by consumers
Websitewww.vegansociety.com

The Vegan Society is a registered charity and the oldest vegan organization in the world, founded in the United Kingdom in 1944 by Donald Watson, Elsie Shrigley, George Henderson and his wife Fay Henderson among others.[2]

History

In November, 1944 Donald Watson secretary of the Leicester Vegetarian Society who identified as a non-dairy vegetarian started a newsletter The Vegan News, sub-titled "Quarterly Magazine of the Non-Dairy Vegetarians".[3][4] Watson coined the term vegan to describe a vegetarian diet devoid of all animal-derived ingredients such as dairy and eggs. He derived the term from the word vegetarian by taking its first three letters and its last two letters because "veganism starts with vegetarianism and carries it through to its logical conclusion".[5][6] However, Watson credited founding members G. A. Henderson and his wife Fay K. Henderson as originating the idea of the word vegan as they had suggested the name 'Allvega' with 'Allvegan' to be used as the title of his magazine. It was from this that the term vegan was taken by Watson.[7]

Watson had given a talk to the Vegetarian Society on the use of dairy products in December, 1943 and a summary was published in their journal, The Vegetarian Messenger in March, 1944.[7] A few months later Watson and Shrigley requested to form a sub-group of non-dairy vegetarians within the Vegetarian Society. There were arguments from vegetarians against the formation of a non-dairy group within its organization.[4] It was considered but its trustees felt that its inclusion might not be comfortable for its vegetarian membership and it was suggested that the non-dairy vegetarians should form their own society.[7] In November 1944, Watson, Elsie Shrigley, the Henderson's and others met at the Attic Club in Holborn, London to discuss the formation of The Vegan Society. According to Shrigley, the day of the founding meeting was "a Sunday, with sunshine and a blue sky – an auspicious day for the birth of an idealistic movement".[6][7] During the same month, The Vegan Society published their manifesto with two aims:

1. To advocate that man's food should be derived from fruits, nuts, vegetables, grains and other wholesome non-animal products and that it should exclude flesh, fish, fowl, eggs, honey, and animal's milk, butter, and cheese.

2. To encourage the manufacture and use of alternatives to animal commodities.[6]

When The Vegan Society was being formed, Watson's newsletter was sent to 500 readers, and its successor, The Vegan first published in 1946, ran to a thousand copies.[4]

Definition

In 1945, Watson and committee members of The Vegan Society defined veganism as "the practice of living on fruits, nuts, vegetables, grains, and other wholesome non-animal products". Writing in 1947, Fay K. Henderson commented that

There has been much conjecture as to the origin of the word VEGAN and its meaning. It is therefore interesting to realise that in the first instance it was an attempt to get beyond the rather negative phrase "non-dairy vegetarian" which was originally applied to the founders of The Vegan Society. The word indicates an all vegetable base and is a restricted form of vegetarian, being both the beginning and the end yet implying hopefully that what starts as vegetarian may finish as vegan.[8]

The definition of veganism was amended over the years into a philosophy.[9] The Vegan Society now defines veganism as "a philosophy and way of living which seeks to exclude—as far as is possible and practicable—all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purpose; and by extension, promotes the development and use of animal-free alternatives for the benefit of humans, animals and the environment. In dietary terms it denotes the practice of dispensing with all products derived wholly or partly from animals."[10]

Activities

World Vegan Day

The founding of the society is celebrated annually on 1 November, World Vegan Day. The day was established in 1994 by Louise Wallis, the then president and chairperson,[15] however, the actual date of founding was on 5 November 1944.[16]

Controversy

In 2021, complaints were made against Eshe Kiama Zuri, former vice-chairperson of The Vegan Society, who made a series of controversial posts deemed offensive and racist on social media. In response, Zuri accused other members of The Vegan Society of being racist and homophobic. Zuri who identifies as "disabled and non-gendered" argued that although veganism was coined by a "white man" it had been built on indigenous and non-western ancestral traditions in Africa and Asia but this was not being acknowledged by its members, and they had been "forced out" of the Society by a "smear campaign".[17][18]

The Vegan Society commissioned Ijeoma Omambala, QC, to investigate such claims. Omanbala in her report found that the complainants did not present any evidence to support the alleged claims of racism but that some of Zuri's posts had been unprofessional and inappropriate & noted that Zuri, who uses the pronouns 'they', had been "misgendered" 'she' in meetings at the Society.[17][18] Zuri and four other trustees resigned prior to the completion of mediation.[17][18] The Vegan Society have published a summary of Omambala's report on their website and have released a public statement claiming "as with many charities, The Vegan Society has a number of challenges that we must address as we evolve into an even more diverse and inclusive organisation."[19][20]

Movement for Compassionate Living

A breakaway group from The Vegan Society, the Movement for Compassionate Living, was founded in 1984 by the former Vegan Society secretary Kathleen Jannaway and her husband Jack.[21][22][23]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Vegan Society. Report and financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2020". Companies House. 19 August 2021. Retrieved 11 November 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Interview with Donald Watson – Vegan Founder". Foods for Life. 15 December 2002. Retrieved 8 September 2008.
  3. ^ "Organisation of the Group" (PDF). The Vegan News. 1: 1–4. 1944.
  4. ^ a b c Leneman, Leah (1999). "No Animal Food: The Road to Veganism in Britain, 1909-1944" (PDF). Society & Animals. 7 (3): 219–228. doi:10.1163/156853099X00095.
  5. ^ Stepaniak, Joanne. (2000). The Vegan Sourcebook. McGraw-Hill Education. pp. 2-4. ISBN 9780071392211
  6. ^ a b c Preece, Rod. (2008). Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought. UBC Press. pp. 298-299. ISBN 978-0-7748-15093
  7. ^ a b c d "Ripened by human determination. 70 years of The Vegan Society" (PDF). Vegan Society. 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ The Vegetarian, issue 4, Winter 1947 [1]
  9. ^ "History". vegansociety.com.
  10. ^ "Definition of veganism". vegansociety.com.
  11. ^ "Veganism: How a maligned movement went mainstream". BBC News. 30 December 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  12. ^ "What Is the Vegan Society Organization?". The Manual. 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Vegan Trademark standards". The Vegan Society. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  14. ^ "The Vegan Society launches new podcast – The Vegan Pod!". The Vegan Society. 12 June 2020. Archived from the original on 15 June 2020.
  15. ^ "A Cruelty Free Vegan-Friendly Rock N' Roll Website". Save A Scream. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  16. ^ Calvert, Samantha (31 October 2014). "Ripened by human determination: 70 years of The Vegan Society" (PDF). The Vegan Society. Retrieved 15 March 2017.
  17. ^ a b c Ames, Jonathan. (2021). "Trustees quit Vegan Society after claims of racism at the top". The Times. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  18. ^ a b c Bird, Steve; Hope, Christopher. (2021). "Five trustees quit Vegan Society as one labels it 'not a safe place for young, black, queer or any other marginalised people'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  19. ^ "The Vegan Society Investigation Report Executive Summary". The Vegan Society. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Statement following trustee resignations". The Vegan Society. Retrieved 20 September 2021.
  21. ^ "Vegan Views 96 – Kathleen Jannaway 1915–2003: A Life Well Lived". Veganviews.org.uk. 26 January 2003. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  22. ^ [2] Archived 5 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Kathleen Jannaway 1915–2003: A Life Well Lived Harry Mather & Malcolm Horne., Vegan Views 96 (Spring 2003)