Chicken and vegetables; foodstuffs compatible with a pollotarian diet
A diet in which poultry is the only meat
Related Dietary Choices
Related diets
Diet classification table
Comparison of selected vegetarian and semi-vegetarian diets (view template)
Plants Dairy Eggs Seafood Poultry All other animals
Vegetarianism Ovo-lacto vegetarianism Yes Yes Yes No No No
Ovo vegetarianism Yes No Yes No No No
Lacto vegetarianism Yes Yes No No No No
Veganism Yes No No No No No
Semi-vegetarianism Flexitarianism Yes Yes Yes Sometimes Sometimes Sometimes
Pollotarianism Yes Maybe Maybe Maybe Yes No
Pescetarianism Yes Maybe Maybe Yes No No

Pollotarianism is the practice of adhering to a diet that incorporates poultry as the only source of meat in an otherwise vegetarian diet.[1][2]

While pollo specifically means chicken in both Spanish and in Italian (with pollame meaning poultry in general in Italian), pollotarians are known to incorporate different forms of poultry, like duck and turkey in their diet.[3] Pollotarians may also eat dairy products.[4] The term "pollo-vegetarian" was first used in nutritional textbooks in the 1980s to describe a semi-vegetarian diet that incorporates poultry.[5][6][7] Historian Rod Preece describes pollotarians as "those who refrain from mammals but are willing to eat the flesh of birds notably chickens."[8]

Reasons why people adopt a pollotarian diet ranges from health concerns arising from consumption of red meat while not willing to either give up meat altogether or not wanting to compromise on nutrients to reducing one's carbon footprint to ethical reasons.[9]


Chauncey Depew was a pollotarian. In a 1925 interview aged 90, Depew stated that "For thirty years the only meat I've eaten has been poultry".[10] Matt Damon lost weight for the movie Courage Under Fire by sticking to a chicken only diet.[11] Adam Driver ate only one full rotisserie chicken and six eggs a day along with running to maintain his fitness during his days in Julliard. [12][13][14] Indian actor and star Shah Rukh Khan as well as Emraan Hashmi are well-known for their chicken diet.[15][16][17]

See also


  1. ^ Lagua, Rosalinda T; Claudio, Virginia S. (2012). Nutrition and Diet Therapy Reference Dictionary. Chapman & Hall. p. 356. ISBN 978-94-011-6880-9
  2. ^ Chakrabarty, Kaveri; Chakrabarty, A. S. (2019). Textbook of Nutrition in Health and Disease. Springer. p. 296. ISBN 978-981-15-0961-2
  3. ^ Miller, Korin. (2019). "The 7 Types Of Vegetarian Diets From Lacto-Ovo To Vegan, Explained By A Nutritionist". Women's Health. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  4. ^ Hogan, Mary Ann; Wane, Daryle. (2002). Nutrition and Diet Therapy: Reviews & Rationales. Prentice Hall. p. 8. ISBN 978-0130304599
  5. ^ Albala, Ken. (2015). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Food Issues, Volume 1. SAGE Publications. p. 1429. ISBN 978-14522-4301-6
  6. ^ Green, Marilyn L; Harry, Joann. (1981). Nutrition in Contemporary Nursing Practice. Wiley. p. 205. ISBN 978-0471038924
  7. ^ Guthrie, Helen Andrews. (1989). Introductory Nutrition. Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing. p. 602. ISBN 9780801622014
  8. ^ Preece, Rod. (2008). Sins of the Flesh: A History of Ethical Vegetarian Thought. UBC Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7748-15093
  9. ^ Laskarina (2022-01-04). "Pollotarian: I do not eat meat, only chicken". Womanlandia. Retrieved 2023-03-21.
  10. ^ Depew, Chauncey (1925). "Give Human Nature a Chance". Collier's. 75: 15–48.
  11. ^ Alexander, Erin (2018-05-21). "Matt Damon's all-chicken-breast diet". Men's Journal. Retrieved 2024-06-18.
  12. ^ "Adam Driver Used to Eat a Whole Rotisserie Chicken Every Day, Which Feels Right Somehow". Men's Health. 2019-12-14. Retrieved 2024-06-28.
  13. ^ Saxena, Jaya (2019-12-13). "Adam Driver Used to Eat an Entire Rotisserie Chicken During Class at Juilliard". Eater. Retrieved 2024-06-28.
  14. ^ "A rotisserie chicken a day? Adam Driver did it first". Yahoo Life. 2022-11-09. Retrieved 2024-06-28.
  15. ^ IANS (2016-07-30). "SRK's food habits, diet revealed: Grilled chicken, sprouts, broccoli". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 2024-06-30.
  16. ^ "'Shah Rukh Khan Eats Only Tandoori Chicken,' Is it Beneficial? Know What Experts Have To Say". News18. 2024-05-31. Retrieved 2024-06-30.
  17. ^ "Emraan Hashmi reveals he has had the same meal for 2 years, twice a day: 'Chicken keema, sweet potatoes, salad'". The Indian Express. 2024-03-06. Retrieved 2024-06-30.