Richard Twine (born 1974) is a British sociologist whose research addresses environmental sociology as well as gender, human/animal and science studies.[1] He is noted for his "foundational" work in critical animal studies.[2] He is a Reader in the Department of History, Geography & Social Sciences at Edge Hill University and chair of the Research Advisory Committee of The Vegan Society.[1]


Twine studied for a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology and Psychology at the University of Stirling, graduating in 1995, and then went on to study for a Master of Arts in Sociology at the University of Essex, which he completed in 1996. He was awarded his PhD in Sociology from Manchester Metropolitan University in 2002.[3] His thesis, supervised by Gail Hawkes and Sue Scott and examined by Anne Witz, was entitled Ecofeminism and the 'New' Sociologies - A Collaboration Against Dualism.[4]

After completing his studies, Twine spent a decade at Lancaster University, where he was based within the ESRC Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics.[1] While at Lancaster, he published Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies as part of the Earthscan Science in Society Series.[5] This was "the first book fully dedicated to" critical animal studies.[2] It offered, in the words of one reviewer, "an impressive analysis of the biotech and meat industries from an unapologetically pro-animal perspective".[6]

After finishing at Lancaster, Twine worked briefly at the University of Glasgow[7] and the UCL Institute of Education.[1] He published the collection The Rise of Critical Animal Studies: From the Margins to the Centre, co-edited with Nik Taylor, with Routledge in 2014.[8] The same year, he joined Edge Hill University.[9] He also published a paper in Societies[10] in which he drew upon Sara Ahmed's notion of a feminist killjoy, coining the idea of a "vegan killjoy".[11] Twine argues that, in a culture in which meat-eating is the norm, a vegan can, by their mere presence, challenge anthropocentric attitudes and practices, affecting the enjoyment that others have in eating animal products.[10] This, Twine claims, can serve as "critical deconstructive work".[10] The idea of the vegan killjoy has been widely deployed in vegan studies and related fields.[11]

As of 2023, Twine is a Reader in Sociology in the Department of History, Geography & Social Sciences at Edge Hill.[3] His book The Climate Crisis and Other Animals is forthcoming with Sydney University Press.[12]

Selected publications


  1. ^ a b c d "Dr Richard Twine (Chair of RAC)". The Vegan Society. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  2. ^ a b Nocella, Anthony J.; Sorenson, John; Socha, Kim; Matsuoka, Atsuko (2014). "The Emergence of Critical Animal Studies: The Rise of Intersectional Animal Liberation". Counterpoints. 448: xix–xxxvi. JSTOR 42982374.
  3. ^ a b "Dr Richard Twine". Edge Hill University. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  4. ^ "Publications". Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  5. ^ Reviews:
  6. ^ Lynch, Joseph J. (2012). "Animals as Biotechnology: Ethics, Sustainability and Critical Animal Studies". Journal of Animal Ethics. 2 (2): 232–4. doi:10.5406/janimalethics.2.2.0232.
  7. ^ Taylor, Nik; Twine, Richard, eds. (2014). "Contributors". The Rise of Critical Animal Studies: From the Margins to the Centre. Routledge. pp. xvi–xix.
  8. ^ Reviews:
  9. ^ "Richard Twine". ORCID. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  10. ^ a b c Twine, Richard (2014). "Vegan Killjoys at the Table—Contesting Happiness and Negotiating Relationships with Food Practices". Societies. 4 (4): 263–39. doi:10.3390/soc4040623.
  11. ^ a b See, for example:
  12. ^ "The Climate Crisis and Other Animals". Syndey University Press. Retrieved 1 December 2023.