Borough of Middlesbrough
The borough shown within North Yorkshire
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionNorth East England
Combined authorityTees Valley
Ceremonial countyNorth Yorkshire
ConstituenciesMiddlesbrough
South and East Cleveland
Civil ParishesNunthorpe
Stainton and Thornton
SeatMiddlesbrough
Area
 • Total20.81 sq mi (53.89 km2)
Area rank262nd
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
 • Total140,980
 • RankRanked 155th
 • Density6,800/sq mi (2,600/km2)
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode
TS1, TS2, TS3, TS4, TS5, TS7, TS8
Area code(s)TS
ONS code00EH (ONS)
E06000002 (GSS)
Ethnicity88% White, 8% S.Asian, 4% other
Websitewww.middlesbrough.gov.uk

The Borough of Middlesbrough is a borough and unitary authority in North Yorkshire, Northern England, based on the town of Middlesbrough. The borough had a population of 140,980, in the mid-2019 est.

Each ward of Middlesbrough is periodically adjusted and has a non-statutory community council. Nunthorpe along with Stainton and Thornton also have statutory parish councils. For statistical and strategic reasons the current council area is part of the Tees Valley region along with Stockton-on-Tees, Redcar and Cleveland, Hartlepool and Darlington boroughs.

History

County Borough/ district
Name Type Type From Until Notes
Yorkshire Historic Municipal borough 1856 1889
Rural sanitary district 1885 1894
North Riding of Yorkshire Administrative County borough 1889 1968 Merged into Teesside
Rural district 1894 1932 Merged into Stokesley
Cleveland Non-metropolitan Shire district 1974 1996
North Yorkshire Ceremonial Unitary authority 1996

From the county's creation in 1889 (from the historic subdivision of Yorkshire) areas under Middlesbrough's governance remained part of North Riding of Yorkshire county for varing amounts of self-governance. The final iteration of this governance was reconstituted as a non-metropolitan district in the county of Cleveland (the county itself governed from Middlesbrough) in 1974. Since 1996, for ceremonial purposes, the district is part of North Yorkshire as a unitary authority. Fire and Police, however, remain as well as the borough's placement in North East England instead of Yorkshire and the Humber, which large parts of North Yorkshire is in. It is included within the combined authority area of Tees Valley for strategic purposes.

Structure

The borough is made up of 19 council wards (formerly 21 as Gresham ward merged with Newport ward between the 2011 and 2021 censuses) within the borough of Middlesbrough. Each ward has a non-statutory community committee.[1] They is also two statutory parish councils for "Nunthorpe" and "Stainton and Thornton".[2] East, north and west Middlesbrough as well as parts of Park End-and-Beckfield, Berwick-Hils-and-Pallister and Ladgate are covered by the Middlesbrough parliamentary constituency. South Middlesbrough as well as the other parts of the wards are covered by the Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland parliamentary constituency.

Skyline of Middlesbrough
Skyline of Middlesbrough
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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
1
Acklam (W)
2
Aryesome (W)
3
Beechwood and Longlands (N)
4
Berwick Hills and Pallister (E)
5
Brambles and Thorntree (E)
6
Central (N)
7
Coulby Newham (S)
8
Hemlington (S)
9
Kader (W)
10
Ladgate (W)
11
Linthorpe (N)
12
Marton East (S)
13
Marton West (S)
14
Newport (N)
15
North Ormesby (E)
16
Nunthorpe (S)
17
Park (N)
18
Park End and Beckfield (E)
19
Stainton and Thornton (S)
20
Trimdon (W)

The council operates a with directly elected Mayor of Middlesbrough. The political composition of the council, as of the May 2019 local election, is Independent 23, Labour 20; and Conservative 3.

Political party make-up of Middlesbrough Borough Council
   Party Seats[3][4] Current council
  Independent 23                                                                      
  Labour 20                                                                      
  Conservative 3                                                                      

Teesside International Airport (formerly known as Durham Tees Valley Airport), is joint owned by the borough, the other four Tees Valley councils and Peel Holdings. The council also owns multiple buildings in the borough.

Mayor

See also: Mayor of Middlesbrough

The first ten mayors of Middlesbrough[5]
Year Name of Mayor
1853 Henry Bolckow
1854 Isaac Wilson
1855 John Vaughan
1856 Henry Thompson
1858 John Richardson
1859 William Fallows
1860 George Bottomley
1861 James Harris
1862 Thomas Brentnall
1863 Edgar Gilkes
The first directly elected mayors of Middlesbrough[6]
Years Name of Mayor
2002–2015 Ray Mallon
2015–2019 Dave Budd
2019– Andy Preston
Andy Preston, the current Mayor of Middlesbrough

The first Mayor of Middlesbrough was the German-born Henry Bolckow in 1853.[7][8] In the 20th century, encompassing introduction of universal suffrage in 1918 and changes in local government in the United Kingdom, the role of mayor changed and became largely ceremonial.

In 2001, as part of a wider programme of devolution, voters in Middlesbrough were offered a referendum to decide between a directly elected mayor or the cabinet system then in operation, with the traditional civic and ceremonial functions of the Mayors being transferred to the Chair of Middlesbrough Council, which they did so by a large margin.[9]

In 2002, Ray Mallon (Independent), formerly a senior officer in Cleveland Police, became Middlesbrough's first directly elected mayor. He was re-elected in 2007[10] and then in 2011.[11] Mallon chose not to stand for a fourth term in 2015 and his deputy mayor, Dave Budd (Labour) was elected to succeed him.[12][13] Budd decided not to stand for a second term and in the May 2019 mayoral election, local businessman Andy Preston (independent) won with 59% of the vote.[14]

Demography

Borough

The borough of Middlesbrough's total resident population was 140,980, by the mid-2019 est. The population of Middlesbrough as a county borough peaked at almost 165,000 in the late 1960s, however this has declined since the early 1980s before starting to recover in the 2010s.[15]

Women in the former Middlehaven ward (absorbed into the central ward) had the second lowest life expectancy at birth, 74 years, of any ward in England and Wales in 2016.[16]

Population 2011 Borough
White British 86.0%
Asian 7.8%
Black 1.3%

In the borough of Middlesbrough, 14.0% of the population were non-white British. This makes the town about as ethnically diverse as Exeter. Additionally, it has a lower indigenous population than Gateshead and South Shields which are further north on the other side of County Durham but now in Tyne and Wear although historically within County Durham. It is also the second most ethnically diverse settlement in the North East (after Newcastle).

Built-up area sub-division

The wider Middlesbrough built-up area sub-division had a population of 174,700 according to the 2011 census. The suburbs which make up the area known as Greater Eston, which in eastern Redcar and Cleveland are often considered part of Middlesbrough outside of the borough.

Economy

Middlesbrough Town Hall, Albert Street
Middlesbrough Town Hall, Albert Street

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Middlesbrough at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added4 Agriculture1 Industry2 Services3
1995 1,115 8 377 729
2000 1,192 6 417 768
2003 1,538 6 561 971

^1 includes hunting and forestry

^2 includes energy and construction

^3 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured

^4 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding

Freedom of the Borough

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Middlesbrough.

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2020)

Individuals

Military units

References

  1. ^ "Middlesbrough Registration District". UKBMD. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Middlesbrough". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  3. ^ "Local Election Results 2011 Summary". Association of Liberal Democrat Councillors. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
  4. ^ "Borough and Parish Elections results - Thursday 2 May 2019". www.darlington.gov.uk.
  5. ^ "Middlesbrough Parish information from Bulmers' 1890". GENUKI. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ "Local elections 2019: the directly elected mayoral contests". Democratic Audit Website. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Bolckow, Henry". Appletons' Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events. 18. 1886. p. 650. William Ferdinand, a British manufacturer, born in Germany in 1806, died 18 June 1878. ... He was the first Mayor of Middlesbrough, a place which owes much of its prosperity to his energy and enterprise
  8. ^ Up The Boro!. 2011. p. 9. This was followed in 1868 by Middlesbrough's first Parliamentary Elections, in which Henry Bolckow (1806–1878) of the firm Bolckow & Vaughan wanted to stand for election, however this was initially blocked by the fact that he was a foreigner ...
  9. ^ "Mayoral referendum result – Middlesbrough Council". Local Government Chronicle (LGC). 19 October 2001. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  10. ^ "2007 Mayoral election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 12 June 2017. Archived from the original on 12 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  11. ^ "2011 Mayoral election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 7 June 2016. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  12. ^ "2015 Mayoral election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  13. ^ "Dave Budd replaces Ray Mallon as Middlesbrough mayor". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  14. ^ "2019 mayoral and local election". www.middlesbrough.gov.uk. 29 April 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  15. ^ "Middlesbrough Unitary Authority: Total Population". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  16. ^ Bennett, James; et al. (22 November 2018). "Contributions of diseases and injuries to widening life expectancy inequalities in England from 2001 to 2016: a population-based analysis of vital registration data". Lancet public health. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Freedom of the Borough presented to Sir Joseph Calvert 7th November 1919". 11 January 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2020 – via Flickr.
  18. ^ "Middlesbrough Borough Council" (PDF). www.middlesbrough.gov.uk.
  19. ^ "England manager Gareth Southgate given freedom of Middlesbrough". BBC News. 29 July 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  20. ^ Craigie, Emily (29 July 2021). "Gareth Southgate awarded Freedom of the Borough". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  21. ^ Craigie, Emily (29 July 2021). "Gareth Southgate granted prestigious Freedom of the Borough after huge public support". Teesside Gazette. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  22. ^ Speare-Cole, Rebecca (30 July 2021). "Gareth Southgate: England manager given Freedom of Middlesbrough award". Sky News. Retrieved 21 August 2021.

Video clips

Coordinates: 54°34′34″N 1°14′02″W / 54.576°N 1.234°W / 54.576; -1.234