Borough of Middlesbrough
Middlesbrough shown within North Yorkshire and England
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|City region||Tees Valley|
|Ceremonial county||North Yorkshire|
|• Type||Middlesbrough Borough Council|
|• Leadership:||Leader & Cabinet|
|• Tees Valley Mayor||Ben Houchen|
|• MPs:||Simon Clarke (C)|
Andy McDonald (L)
|• Total||76.3 sq mi (197.5 km2)|
|• Rank||Ranked 224th|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (540/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (British Summer Time)|
|ONS code||00EH (ONS)|
|Ethnicity||88% White, 8% S.Asian, 4% other|
The Borough of Middlesbrough is a local government borough and unitary authority area in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire and part of the Tees Valley region, Northern England. The borough covers the town of Middlesbrough and the large villages of Nunthorpe and Stainton. In 2016, the borough had a population of 140,398.
It borders the non-metropolitan county of County Durham to the north west and north, Stockton-on-Tees to the north over the River Tees, Redcar and Cleveland to the east, along the line of the River Tees and the North York Moors National Park to the south.
The current borough boundaries were formed on 1 April 1974, by the creation of a new non-metropolitan district of the former County Borough of Teesside by the Local Government Act 1972, covering the previous county borough of Middlesbrough along with nearly all of Middlesbrough Rural District. It remained part of North Riding of Yorkshire for administrative purposes until reconstituted as a unitary authority on 1 April 1997. For ceremonial purposes it remains part of North Yorkshire, with whom it no longer continues to share certain local services. It has its own services in the Teesside conurbation such as Cleveland Fire Services and Police. It is included within the Tees Valley area for both cultural and regional government administration.
It is made up of 20 council wards within the town of Middlesbrough, which are also covered by the Middlesbrough parliamentary constituency and Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland parliamentary constituency.
As well as Middlesbrough itself the borough includes the surrounding suburbs and villages of:
The district contains 2 parishes "Nunthorpe" and "Stainton and Thornton", the rest is unparished.
It is near to Teesside International Airport (previously known as Durham Tees Valley Airport), of which the borough council shares joint ownership with the other four Tees Valley councils and Peel Holdings.
The council operates a Leader and Cabinet model of political leadership although a group of local residents aimed to force a referendum on moving to a system with directly elected executive Mayor. Their bid was unsuccessful.
The political composition of the council, as of the May 2019 local elections, is Conservative 3;Labour 20; and Independent 23.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Middlesbrough at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
|Year||Regional Gross Value Added4||Agriculture1||Industry2||Services3|
^1 includes hunting and forestry
^2 includes energy and construction
^3 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
^4 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Middlesbrough.