City of York
Unitary authority area with city status
York
York city centre and its minster from above
Flag of City of York
Nickname: 
Chocolate City[1]
Motto: 
Let the Banner of York Fly High[2]
Shown within North Yorkshire
Shown within North Yorkshire
City of York is located in England
City of York
City of York
Location within England
City of York is located in the United Kingdom
City of York
City of York
Location within the United Kingdom
City of York is located in Europe
City of York
City of York
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 53°57′30″N 1°4′49″W / 53.95833°N 1.08028°W / 53.95833; -1.08028Coordinates: 53°57′30″N 1°4′49″W / 53.95833°N 1.08028°W / 53.95833; -1.08028
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
Ceremonial countyNorth Yorkshire
Historic county Yorkshire
Unitary status1 April 1996[3]
Administrative centre • York Guildhall
 • West Offices
Government
 • TypeUnitary authority
 • BodyCity of York Council
 • LeadershipLeader and cabinet
 • ExecutiveLiberal Democrat and Green coalition
 • Lord MayorDavid Carr (IND)
 • Council LeaderKeith Aspden (LD)
Area
 • Total271.94 km2 (105.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total202,821
 • Rank(Ranked 93rd)
 • Density687/km2 (1,780/sq mi)
 • Urban
153,717
 • Ethnicity
(2011 Census)[4]
94.3% White
DemonymYorker • Yorkie[5]
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas
Dialling codes01904
ISO 3166-2GB-YOR
ONS code00FF (ONS)
E06000014 (GSS)
OS grid referenceSE603517
NUTS 3UKE21
Primary airportLeeds Bradford Airport (outside of York)
Councillors47
List of MPs
WebsiteCity Council

The City of York is a unitary authority area with city status in the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England.[6] The district's main settlement is York, and it extends to the surrounding area including the town of Haxby and the villages of Earswick, Upper Poppleton, Nether Poppleton, Copmanthorpe, Bishopthorpe, Dunnington, Stockton on the Forest, Rufforth, Askham Bryan and Askham Richard, among other villages and hamlets. The unitary area had a population of 202,800 in the 2021 Census[7][8] The City of York is administered by the City of York Council based in The Guildhall.[9]

Governance

York's first citizen and civic head is the Lord Mayor, who is the chairman of the City of York Council. The appointment is made by the city council each year in May, at the same time as appointing the Sheriff, the city's other civic head. The offices of Lord Mayor and Sheriff are purely ceremonial. The Lord Mayor carries out civic and ceremonial duties in addition to chairing full council meetings.[10] The incumbent Lord Mayor since 26 May 2022 is Councillor David Carr, and the Sheriff is Suzie Mercer.[11]

As a result of the 2019 City of York Council election, the Conservative Party was reduced to two seats. The Liberal Democrats had 21 councillors, while the Labour Party had 17 councillors and the Green Party had four with three Independents.[12] Due to no overall control, the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party agreed to form a coalition on 14 May 2019.[13]

Party Seats City of York Council (2019 election)
Liberal Democrats 21                                            
Labour 17                                    
Green 4          
Conservative 2      
Independent 3        

Civil parishes

The district contains the unparished area of York and 31 civil parishes:[14]

Wards

York is divided into 21 electoral wards: Acomb, Bishopthorpe, Clifton, Copmanthorpe, Dringhouses and Woodthorpe, Fishergate, Fulford and Heslington, Guildhall, Haxby and Wigginton, Heworth, Heworth Without, Holgate, Hull Road, Huntington and New Earswick, Micklegate, Osbaldwick and Derwent, Rawcliffe and Clifton Without, Rural West York, Strensall, Westfield, and Wheldrake.[15]

History

The district was formed on 1 April 1996 from the previous non-metropolitan district of York and the parishes of Hessay, Nether Poppleton, Rufforth and Upper Poppleton from Harrogate district, the parishes of Clifton Without, Earswick, Haxby, Heworth Without, Holtby, Huntington, Murton, New Earswick, Osbaldwick, Rawcliffe, Skelton, Stockton-on-the-Forest, Strensall, Towthorpe and Wigginton from Ryedale district, and the parishes of Acaster Malbis, Askham Bryan, Askham Richard, Bishopthorpe, Copmanthorpe, Deighton, Dunnington, Elvington, Fulford, Heslington, Kexby, Naburn and Wheldrake from Selby district. The previous district was in the non-metropolitan county (administrative county) of North Yorkshire and the new district became a separate non-metropolitan county, while remaining part of the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire.[16] The previous district itself had been reconstituted in 1974 from the county borough with the same boundaries.[17]

Ceremonial

York is within the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire and, until 1974, was within the jurisdiction of the Lord Lieutenant of the County of York, West Riding and the County of The City of York. The city retains the right to appoint its own Sheriff. The holder of the Royal dukedom of York has no responsibilities, either ceremonially or administratively, as regards to the city.

References

  1. ^ "York – The Chocolate City". York's Chocolate Story. York's Chocolate Story. n.d. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Yorkshire City Facts". The Press. WordPress. n.d. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  3. ^ "The North Yorkshire (District of York) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. UK Legislation. 7 March 1995. Archived from the original on 18 February 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  4. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – York Local Authority (1946157112)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Demonyms of the United Kingdom". Peoplefrom.co.uk. Peoplefrom.co.uk. n.d. Archived from the original on 26 July 2019. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Lieutenancies Act 1997". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  7. ^ "How the population changed in York, Census 2021 - ONS". www.ons.gov.uk. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  8. ^ "City of York District". NEU. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  9. ^ "Guildhall". City of York Council. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  10. ^ "The Constitution – Part 1 Summary and explanation" (PDF). City of York Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2009.
  11. ^ Cooper, Joe (26 May 2022). "New Lord Mayor of York David Carr pledges to help over cost of living". YorkMix. Archived from the original on 27 May 2022. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  12. ^ "City of York local elections 2019". City of York Council. 2 May 2019. Archived from the original on 16 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Lib Dems and the Green Party join forces to run City of York Council". YorkMix. 14 May 2019. Archived from the original on 16 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Children of City of York Council". Mapit. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  15. ^ "City of York Council – wards". City of York Council. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  16. ^ "The North Yorkshire (District of York) (Structural and Boundary Changes) Order 1995". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  17. ^ "The English Non-metropolitan Districts (Definition) Order 1972". legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2022.