Eddy County
Eddy County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Eddy County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 47°43′N 98°54′W / 47.72°N 98.9°W / 47.72; -98.9
Country United States
State North Dakota
Founded1885
SeatNew Rockford
Largest cityNew Rockford
Area
 • Total644 sq mi (1,670 km2)
 • Land630 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (40 km2)  2.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,347
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,337
 • Density3.6/sq mi (1.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
WebsiteEddy County, North Dakota

Eddy County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,347.[1] Its county seat is New Rockford.[2]

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on March 31, 1885, with territory partitioned from Foster County. It was named for Ezra B. Eddy, a Fargo, North Dakota banker who had died a few weeks earlier. The county government was established on April 27, 1885.[3][4]

Geography

The Sheyenne River flows easterly through the upper part of the county. The county terrain consists of semi-arid hills, featuring some agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the east and slightly to the north, with its highest point on a hill at the county's southwestern corner, at 1,562' (476m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 644 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 630 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.2%) is water.[7] It is the smallest county in North Dakota by area.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

County roads

Eddy County Road 14 is a north-south County Road in North Dakota. It runs from North Dakota Highway 15 near New Rockford to Eddy County Road 9 (1st Ave North) in downtown New Rockford. Eddy County Road 9 is an east-west County Road in North Dakota. It runs from US 281/Highway 15 (1st Street) in New Rockford to Wells County CR 2, near New Rockford.

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,377
19003,330141.8%
19104,80044.1%
19206,49335.3%
19306,346−2.3%
19405,741−9.5%
19505,372−6.4%
19604,936−8.1%
19704,103−16.9%
19803,554−13.4%
19902,951−17.0%
20002,757−6.6%
20102,385−13.5%
20202,347−1.6%
2021 (est.)2,337−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,757 people, 1,164 households, and 743 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km2). There were 1,418 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.37% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 2.36% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 44.1% were of Norwegian and 32.5% German ancestry.

There were 1,164 households, out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 5.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.10% were non-families. 34.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.96.

The county population contained 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 22.50% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 24.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,642, and the median income for a family was $37,625. Males had a median income of $24,063 versus $20,344 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,941. About 6.90% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,385 people, 1,057 households, and 653 families in the county.[12] The population density was 3.8 inhabitants per square mile (1.5/km2). There were 1,323 housing units at an average density of 2.1 per square mile (0.81/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 95.2% white, 2.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 52.7% were German, 45.9% were Norwegian, 9.3% were Irish, 6.5% were Swedish, and 1.3% were American.[14]

Of the 1,057 households, 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.2% were non-families, and 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.77. The median age was 49.2 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,404 and the median income for a family was $47,857. Males had a median income of $31,887 versus $28,194 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,302. About 11.5% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

Eddy County voters tend to vote Republican. In 71% percent of the national elections since 1960, the county selected the Republican Party candidate.

United States presidential election results for Eddy County, North Dakota[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 854 67.83% 383 30.42% 22 1.75%
2016 791 64.26% 355 28.84% 85 6.90%
2012 634 54.80% 486 42.01% 37 3.20%
2008 548 47.04% 583 50.04% 34 2.92%
2004 655 54.00% 534 44.02% 24 1.98%
2000 703 55.44% 458 36.12% 107 8.44%
1996 517 40.36% 553 43.17% 211 16.47%
1992 591 36.59% 575 35.60% 449 27.80%
1988 891 53.74% 748 45.11% 19 1.15%
1984 1,049 56.40% 796 42.80% 15 0.81%
1980 1,153 61.23% 539 28.62% 191 10.14%
1976 890 43.33% 1,123 54.67% 41 2.00%
1972 1,022 52.04% 911 46.38% 31 1.58%
1968 1,018 51.10% 893 44.83% 81 4.07%
1964 747 35.78% 1,337 64.03% 4 0.19%
1960 1,188 50.73% 1,152 49.19% 2 0.09%
1956 1,239 56.01% 973 43.99% 0 0.00%
1952 1,534 67.05% 728 31.82% 26 1.14%
1948 952 46.85% 919 45.23% 161 7.92%
1944 974 47.56% 1,042 50.88% 32 1.56%
1940 1,319 48.42% 1,368 50.22% 37 1.36%
1936 579 21.36% 1,729 63.78% 403 14.87%
1932 537 21.25% 1,888 74.71% 102 4.04%
1928 1,071 46.12% 1,240 53.40% 11 0.47%
1924 881 39.33% 101 4.51% 1,258 56.16%
1920 1,525 68.76% 577 26.01% 116 5.23%
1916 505 40.21% 650 51.75% 101 8.04%
1912 199 21.87% 376 41.32% 335 36.81%
1908 540 58.00% 368 39.53% 23 2.47%
1904 596 76.21% 162 20.72% 24 3.07%
1900 455 64.45% 235 33.29% 16 2.27%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Eddy County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 4, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Eddy County ND Google Maps (accessed February 17, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Eddy County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 17, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  8. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.

Coordinates: 47°43′N 98°54′W / 47.72°N 98.90°W / 47.72; -98.90