McLean County
Historic McLean County Courthouse, now Historical Museum.
Historic McLean County Courthouse, now Historical Museum.
Map of North Dakota highlighting McLean County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 47°37′N 101°19′W / 47.61°N 101.32°W / 47.61; -101.32
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedMarch 8, 1883 (created)
November 1, 1883 (organized)
Named forJohn A. McLean
SeatWashburn
Largest cityGarrison
Area
 • Total2,328 sq mi (6,030 km2)
 • Land2,111 sq mi (5,470 km2)
 • Water217 sq mi (560 km2)  9.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total9,771
 • Estimate 
(2021)
9,796
 • Density4.2/sq mi (1.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.mcleancountynd.gov

McLean County (/məˈkln/ mə-KLAYN) is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 9,771.[1] Its county seat is Washburn.[2]

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on March 8, 1883, with areas partitioned from Burleigh, Sheridan, and (now-extinct) Stevens counties. The county was named for John A. McLean, the first mayor of Bismarck.[3] The county organization was completed on November 1 of that year. Its boundaries were altered in 1885, in 1892, and in 1908. It has retained its current configuration since November 3, 1908, when a portion of its previous territory was partitioned to recreate Sheridan County (Sheridan had been dissolved on November 8, 1892, with its territory annexed to McLean).[4]

Geography

The county's western boundary is delineated by Lake Sakakawea, created in 1956 by construction of Garrison Dam at the county's southwestern edge. The southwestern boundary of the county is delineated by the Missouri River as it continues its southeastward flow from the lake. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, dotted with lakes and ponds in its eastern portion. The area is largely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the south and east, with its highest point on the north boundary line near its NW corner, at 2,201' (671m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 2,328 square miles (6,030 km2), of which 2,111 square miles (5,470 km2) is land and 217 square miles (560 km2) (9.3%) is water.[7] It is the third-largest county in North Dakota by land area and second-largest by total area.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890860
19004,791457.1%
191014,496202.6%
192017,26619.1%
193017,9914.2%
194016,082−10.6%
195018,82417.1%
196014,030−25.5%
197011,251−19.8%
198012,38310.1%
199010,457−15.6%
20009,311−11.0%
20108,962−3.7%
20209,7719.0%
2021 (est.)9,7960.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2020 census, there were 9,311 people, 3,815 households, and 2,712 families in the county. The population density was 4.41/sqmi (1.70/km2). There were 5,264 housing units at an average density of 2.49/sqmi (0.96/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.52% White, 0.02% Black or African American, 5.95% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 48.6% were of German and 22.1% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 3,815 households, out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

The county population contained 23.80% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 20.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 98.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,337, and the median income for a family was $39,604. Males had a median income of $32,376 versus $18,224 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,220. About 10.40% of families and 13.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 8,962 people, 3,897 households, and 2,600 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 4.25/sqmi (1.64/km2). There were 5,590 housing units at an average density of 2.65/sqmi (1.02/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 91.0% white, 7.0% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 54.4% were German, 24.6% were Norwegian, 6.5% were Irish, 5.6% were Swedish, 5.1% were English, and 3.6% were American.[14]

Of the 3,897 households, 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.75. The median age was 49.1 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $52,922 and the median income for a family was $62,686. Males had a median income of $48,906 versus $29,431 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,029. About 6.5% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Communities flooded by Garrison Dam

Politics

McLean County voters have voted Republican for decades. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for McLean County, North Dakota[16][17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,198 75.83% 1,230 22.22% 108 1.95%
2016 3,860 72.62% 1,081 20.34% 374 7.04%
2012 3,141 63.61% 1,670 33.82% 127 2.57%
2008 2,767 58.42% 1,867 39.42% 102 2.15%
2004 3,014 63.45% 1,664 35.03% 72 1.52%
2000 2,891 62.23% 1,465 31.53% 290 6.24%
1996 1,988 45.39% 1,759 40.16% 633 14.45%
1992 2,124 40.05% 1,808 34.09% 1,371 25.85%
1988 2,906 53.85% 2,428 45.00% 62 1.15%
1984 3,673 62.82% 2,062 35.27% 112 1.92%
1980 4,234 67.79% 1,613 25.82% 399 6.39%
1976 2,729 48.17% 2,815 49.69% 121 2.14%
1972 3,575 66.23% 1,703 31.55% 120 2.22%
1968 2,764 54.95% 2,050 40.76% 216 4.29%
1964 2,204 39.73% 3,339 60.19% 4 0.07%
1960 3,398 55.05% 2,771 44.89% 4 0.06%
1956 3,653 58.17% 2,609 41.54% 18 0.29%
1952 5,184 68.62% 2,295 30.38% 76 1.01%
1948 2,762 50.10% 2,283 41.41% 468 8.49%
1944 2,822 53.37% 2,326 43.99% 140 2.65%
1940 4,113 58.99% 2,666 38.24% 193 2.77%
1936 1,732 25.24% 4,018 58.55% 1,112 16.21%
1932 1,369 23.92% 4,354 76.08% 0 0.00%
1928 2,730 47.51% 2,855 49.69% 161 2.80%
1924 1,651 36.02% 194 4.23% 2,738 59.74%
1920 3,724 74.23% 748 14.91% 545 10.86%
1916 1,054 41.64% 1,210 47.81% 267 10.55%
1912 505 25.63% 583 29.59% 882 44.77%
1908 2,273 67.83% 927 27.66% 151 4.51%
1904 1,928 88.44% 219 10.05% 33 1.51%
1900 587 83.74% 110 15.69% 4 0.57%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: McLean County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d McLean County ND Google Maps (accessed February 26, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/McLean County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 26, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 526 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 325 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 31 votes.

Further reading

Coordinates: 47°37′N 101°19′W / 47.61°N 101.32°W / 47.61; -101.32