Renville County
Renville County Courthouse. Photographed in 1940.
Renville County Courthouse. Photographed in 1940.
Map of North Dakota highlighting Renville County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°43′N 101°40′W / 48.71°N 101.66°W / 48.71; -101.66
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedJanuary 4, 1873 (created)
July 20, 1910 (organized)
Named forJoseph Renville
SeatMohall
Largest cityMohall
Area
 • Total893 sq mi (2,310 km2)
 • Land877 sq mi (2,270 km2)
 • Water16 sq mi (40 km2)  1.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,282
 • Estimate 
(2021)
2,266
 • Density2.6/sq mi (0.99/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.renvillecountynd.org

Renville County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 2,282.[1] Its county seat is Mohall.[2]

Renville County is part of the Minot, ND Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located south of the Canada–United States border with Saskatchewan.

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on January 4, 1873. It was named for Joseph Renville, an influential fur trader, interpreter, translator, and important figure in dealings between white men and the Sioux. The county was not organized at that time, nor was it attached to another county for administrative or judicial purposes. The proposed county boundaries were altered in 1883, in 1885, and 1887, and on November 8, 1892, the county was dissolved and absorbed into Bottineau and Ward counties due to a lack of settlement.

The general election held November 3, 1908 included a question asking whether a portion of Ward County should be partitioned off and named Renville County (covering a different area than the original county). This question reportedly failed to pass, but it was promptly contested in court, resulting in a ruling by the state Supreme Court ruled on June 3, 1910, that the split should be carried out. The state governor proclaimed the result in a July 12 proclamation, and the county government was organized on July 20 of that year,[3] with Mohall as the county seat.[3][4]

Outline map of Renville County, North Dakota, 1914
Outline map of Renville County, North Dakota, 1914

Geography

Renville County lies on the north line of North Dakota; its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of Canada. The Souris River flows southeasterly through the county on its way to Hudson Bay. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, largely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the south and east; its highest point is its SW corner, at 2,005' (611m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 893 square miles (2,310 km2), of which 877 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (1.8%) is water.[7]

Major highways

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities

Protected areas

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19107,840
19207,776−0.8%
19307,263−6.6%
19405,533−23.8%
19505,405−2.3%
19604,698−13.1%
19703,828−18.5%
19803,608−5.7%
19903,160−12.4%
20002,610−17.4%
20102,470−5.4%
20202,282−7.6%
2021 (est.)2,266−8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,610 people, 1,085 households, and 748 families in the county. The population density was 2.98/sqmi (1.15/km2). There were 1,413 housing units at an average density of 1.61/sqmi (0.62/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.74% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.8% were of Norwegian, 25.7% German and 5.6% Irish ancestry.

There were 1,085 households, out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.40% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.00% were non-families. 28.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90.

The county population contained 23.30% under the age of 18, 4.90% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,746, and the median income for a family was $36,023. Males had a median income of $25,346 versus $16,700 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,478. About 8.50% of families and 11.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 2,470 people, 1,061 households, and 685 families in the county.[12] The population density was 2.82/sqmi (1.09/km2). There were 1,386 housing units at an average density of 1.58/sqmi (0.61/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 39.5% were German, 39.1% were Norwegian, 11.6% were Irish, 9.7% were English, 9.5% were Swedish, and 2.3% were American.[14]

Of the 1,061 households, 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, and 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 45.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,583 and the median income for a family was $63,068. Males had a median income of $39,950 versus $25,469 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,856. About 3.8% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.9% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Politics

Renville County voters have voted Republican in every national election since 1976 (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for Renville County, North Dakota[18][19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,065 80.74% 220 16.68% 34 2.58%
2016 993 76.80% 201 15.55% 99 7.66%
2012 851 66.59% 398 31.14% 29 2.27%
2008 799 59.36% 505 37.52% 42 3.12%
2004 953 64.87% 497 33.83% 19 1.29%
2000 820 61.56% 443 33.26% 69 5.18%
1996 576 42.54% 562 41.51% 216 15.95%
1992 655 39.22% 580 34.73% 435 26.05%
1988 893 51.03% 837 47.83% 20 1.14%
1984 1,163 65.56% 592 33.37% 19 1.07%
1980 1,154 62.65% 570 30.94% 118 6.41%
1976 812 43.99% 1,008 54.60% 26 1.41%
1972 1,121 61.09% 702 38.26% 12 0.65%
1968 851 46.86% 880 48.46% 85 4.68%
1964 640 32.05% 1,356 67.90% 1 0.05%
1960 1,012 45.38% 1,217 54.57% 1 0.04%
1956 1,035 50.22% 1,025 49.73% 1 0.05%
1952 1,571 66.57% 767 32.50% 22 0.93%
1948 812 46.61% 838 48.11% 92 5.28%
1944 1,046 48.34% 1,095 50.60% 23 1.06%
1940 1,202 47.03% 1,298 50.78% 56 2.19%
1936 611 21.36% 1,766 61.73% 484 16.92%
1932 689 25.23% 1,969 72.10% 73 2.67%
1928 1,473 55.09% 1,174 43.90% 27 1.01%
1924 649 32.18% 120 5.95% 1,248 61.87%
1920 1,987 73.65% 581 21.53% 130 4.82%
1916 532 31.54% 1,012 59.99% 143 8.48%
1912 224 17.58% 420 32.97% 630 49.45%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Renville County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved May 4, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d Renville County ND Google Maps (accessed February 25, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Renville County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 25, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ Greene, shown on a 1977 USGS map (at present day 46th Ave NW and 86th Street NW), was a station stop on the Minneapolis, St. Paul and Sault Ste. Marie Railroad. Its former streets are still shown on Google Earth and Yahoo! Maps
  17. ^ "Greene, N. Dak". www.thomasgloger.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  19. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 341 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 224 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 17 votes.

Coordinates: 48°43′N 101°40′W / 48.71°N 101.66°W / 48.71; -101.66