Walsh County
Walsh County Courthouse
Map of North Dakota highlighting Walsh County
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 48°22′N 97°43′W / 48.37°N 97.72°W / 48.37; -97.72
Country United States
State North Dakota
FoundedMay 2, 1881 (created)
August 30, 1881 (organized)
Named forGeorge H. Walsh
SeatGrafton
Largest cityGrafton
Area
 • Total1,294 sq mi (3,350 km2)
 • Land1,282 sq mi (3,320 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)  0.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,563
 • Estimate 
(2021)
10,469
 • Density8.2/sq mi (3.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
Websitewww.co.walsh.nd.us

Walsh County is a county in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,563.[1] Its county seat is Grafton.[2]

History

The Dakota Territory legislature created the county on May 2, 1881, with areas partitioned from Grand and Pembina counties. It was organized on August 30 of that same year, with Grafton as county seat.[3][4] It was named for George H. Walsh (1845–1913), a newspaperman and politician in Grand Forks.

Outline map of Walsh County, North Dakota, 1910
Outline map of Walsh County, North Dakota, 1910

Geography

Walsh County lies on the eastern side of North Dakota. Its east boundary line abuts the west boundary line of the state of Minnesota (across the Red River). The Red River flows north along the east side of the county on its way to Hudson Bay in Canada. The south branch of the Park River flows easterly through the county to discharge into the Red on the east side of the county.[5] The terrain generally slopes to the north and east, but the highest point is its northwest corner, at 1,647' (502m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 1,294 square miles (3,350 km2), of which 1,282 square miles (3,320 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (0.9%) is water.[7]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Protected areas

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
189016,587
190020,28822.3%
191019,491−3.9%
192019,087−2.1%
193020,0475.0%
194020,7473.5%
195018,859−9.1%
196017,997−4.6%
197016,251−9.7%
198015,371−5.4%
199013,840−10.0%
200012,389−10.5%
201011,119−10.3%
202010,563−5.0%
2021 (est.)10,469−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census

As of the 2020 census, there were 12,389 people, 5,029 households, and 3,319 families in the county. The population density was 9.66/sqmi (3.73/km2). There were 5,757 housing units at an average density of 4.49/sqmi (1.73/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.86% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.51% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 5.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.7% were of Norwegian, 14.6% German, 8.7% Polish and 8.0% Czech ancestry.

There were 5,029 households, out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,845, and the median income for a family was $41,619. Males had a median income of $28,080 versus $19,961 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,496. About 7.70% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 11,119 people, 4,746 households, and 3,021 families in the county.[12] The population density was 8.67/sqmi (3.35/km2). There were 5,498 housing units at an average density of 4.29/sqmi (1.66/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 93.5% white, 1.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 3.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 8.7% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 39.7% were Norwegian, 21.6% were German, 11.0% were Polish, 9.4% were Irish, 9.3% were Czech, 5.8% were English, and 5.4% were American.[14]

Of the 4,746 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.3% were non-families, and 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 45.9 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,139 and the median income for a family was $58,429. Males had a median income of $36,934 versus $26,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,829. About 5.4% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Township Numbers and Range Numbers[16]
Range 59 Range 58 Range 57 Range 56 Range 55 Range 54 Range 53 Range 52 Range 51 Range 50
Township 155 Sauter Perth Cleveland Medford Eden Ops Forest River Ardoch Walshville Walshville
Township 156 Shepherd Latona Norton Vernon Rushford Prairie Centre Walsh Centre Harriston Pulaski Pulaski
Township 157 Dewey Adams Vesta Golden Kensington Township Fertile Grafton Oakwood Acton Acton
Township 158 St. Andrews St. Andrews Martin Farmington Glenwood Dundee Lampton Tiber Silvesta Kinloss

Politics

Walsh County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2020).

United States presidential election results for Walsh County, North Dakota[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,324 69.50% 1,333 27.87% 126 2.63%
2016 2,995 64.60% 1,167 25.17% 474 10.22%
2012 2,656 55.44% 1,985 41.43% 150 3.13%
2008 2,415 49.47% 2,325 47.62% 142 2.91%
2004 3,194 61.59% 1,905 36.73% 87 1.68%
2000 3,099 59.80% 1,743 33.64% 340 6.56%
1996 2,222 44.99% 2,082 42.15% 635 12.86%
1992 2,544 43.09% 1,936 32.79% 1,424 24.12%
1988 3,250 54.48% 2,646 44.35% 70 1.17%
1984 4,347 64.84% 2,264 33.77% 93 1.39%
1980 4,488 64.69% 1,850 26.66% 600 8.65%
1976 3,518 48.13% 3,555 48.64% 236 3.23%
1972 3,991 56.29% 2,908 41.02% 191 2.69%
1968 3,410 50.06% 2,948 43.28% 454 6.66%
1964 2,454 33.27% 4,911 66.58% 11 0.15%
1960 4,036 50.16% 4,009 49.82% 2 0.02%
1956 3,946 54.81% 3,238 44.97% 16 0.22%
1952 4,761 57.33% 3,494 42.08% 49 0.59%
1948 2,646 37.63% 4,170 59.31% 215 3.06%
1944 2,471 34.07% 4,747 65.46% 34 0.47%
1940 3,051 35.61% 5,499 64.18% 18 0.21%
1936 1,813 22.15% 5,756 70.32% 616 7.53%
1932 1,616 22.31% 5,342 73.74% 286 3.95%
1928 3,657 48.94% 3,798 50.83% 17 0.23%
1924 2,837 49.17% 917 15.89% 2,016 34.94%
1920 4,581 67.13% 2,047 30.00% 196 2.87%
1916 1,670 43.81% 2,003 52.54% 139 3.65%
1912 586 20.33% 1,206 41.85% 1,090 37.82%
1908 1,751 49.46% 1,641 46.36% 148 4.18%
1904 2,042 61.97% 1,113 33.78% 140 4.25%
1900 1,807 49.41% 1,804 49.33% 46 1.26%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Walsh County, North Dakota". www.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  5. ^ a b Walsh County ND Google Maps (accessed February 24, 2019)
  6. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Walsh County ND" Google Maps (accessed February 24, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  8. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Earth Point".
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 13, 2018.

Coordinates: 48°22′N 97°43′W / 48.37°N 97.72°W / 48.37; -97.72