First Lady of Indonesia
National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
First Lady Iriana.jpg
Incumbent
Iriana Joko Widodo

since 20 October 2014
StyleMrs. Widodo
ResidenceMerdeka Palace (Official)
State Palace
Bogor Palace
Tampaksiring Palace
Gedung Agung
Cipanas Palace
SeatJakarta
Term length5 years
Inaugural holderFatmawati Sukarno (as first lady)
Taufiq Kiemas (as first gentleman)
Formation18 August 1945 (75 years ago)
Websitewww.presidenri.go.id

Throughout Indonesian history, the title of First Lady (Indonesian: Ibu Negara) or, in an instance, First Gentleman (Indonesian: Bapak Negara) has been used to refer to the wife or husband of the president of Indonesia. While the Constitution of Indonesia does not mention anything about the spouses of the president, it continues to hold significant influence in the Indonesian society.

The current holder of the title is Iriana Joko Widodo, wife of current president Joko Widodo. Taufiq Kiemas, husband of President Megawati Sukarnoputri, to date is the only first gentleman.[1]

History

It is unclear when the role of Ibu Negara first developed in the Indonesian constitutional conventions. Sukarno, the first president, was married to his third wife Fatmawati when he became president in August 1945. Sukarno then married Hartini in July 1953 on Fatmawati's permission. Hartini lived in Istana Bogor and also accompanied the president to official state duties and visit abroad.[2] Throughout his presidency, Sukarno married another five women, but Fatmawati remained the first lady.

Siti Hartinah, Soeharto's wife, occupied the role of Ibu Negara until her death in April 1996. Her eldest daughter, Siti Hardiyanti Rukmana ("Tutut") acted on behalf of her mother throughout the remainder of her father's presidency until 1998. From March to May 1998, she also served as the minister of social affairs.

Living former first ladies and gentlemen

Excluding Iriana (incumbent), there is currently one living former first lady of Indonesia (as of 19 September 2022):

List of title holders

President
No.

Portrait Name Tenure Age at tenure start President
(Spouse, unless noted)
1
Portrait of Fatmawati
Fatmawati
5 February 1923 – 14 May 1980
(aged 57)

18 August 1945

12 March 1967
22 years, 194 days Sukarno
2
Portrait of Siti Hartinah
Siti Hartinah
23 August 1923 – 28 April 1996
(aged 72)

12 March 1967

28 April 1996 (death)
43 years, 201 days Suharto
3
Habibie-Ainun (cropped).jpg
Hasri Ainun Besari
11 August 1937 – 22 May 2010
(aged 72)

21 May 1998

20 October 1999
60 years, 283 days Bacharuddin J. Habibie
4
Sinta Nuriyah Wahid First Lady official portrait.jpg
Sinta Nuriyah
b. 8 March 1948

20 October 1999

23 July 2001
51 years, 226 days Abdurrahman Wahid
5
M. Taufiq Kiemas (cropped).jpg
Muhammad Taufiq Kiemas
31 December 1942 – 8 June 2013
(aged 70)

23 July 2001

20 October 2004
58 years, 204 days Megawati Sukarnoputri
6
First Lady Kristiani Herawati Yudhoyono (2009) (cropped).jpg
Kristiani Herrawati
6 July 1952 – 1 June 2019
(aged 66)

20 October 2004

20 October 2014
52 years, 106 days Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
7
First Lady Iriana.jpg
Iriana
b. 1 October 1963

20 October 2014

present
51 years, 19 days Joko Widodo

References

  1. ^ Sepeninggal Taufiq Kiemas ("After Taufiq Kiemas"), tokohindonesia.com, 19 June 2013. Accessed 1 June 2019.
  2. ^ Sitompul, Martin. Hartini, First Lady yang Tak Diakui ("Hartini, the Unrecognized First Lady"). Historia.id, 20 April 2018. Accessed 1 June 2019.

See also