KXLN-DT
Univision45.png
CityRosenberg, Texas
Channels
BrandingUnivision 45 Houston
Noticias 45 Univisión (newscasts)
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
Owner
TV: KFTH-DT
Radio: KAMA-FM, KLAT, KLTN, KOVE-FM, KQBU-FM
History
FoundedAugust 2, 1984 (1984-08-02)
First air date
September 18, 1987 (34 years ago) (1987-09-18)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 45 (UHF, 1987–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 46 (UHF, until 2009)
  • 45 (UHF, 2009–2019)
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID53847
ERP1,000 kW
HAAT592 m (1,942 ft)
Transmitter coordinates29°33′45.2″N 95°30′35.9″W / 29.562556°N 95.509972°W / 29.562556; -95.509972Coordinates: 29°33′45.2″N 95°30′35.9″W / 29.562556°N 95.509972°W / 29.562556; -95.509972
Translator(s)KFTH-DT 67.5 Alvin
Links
Public license information
Websitewww.univision.com/local/houston-kxln

KXLN-DT (channel 45) is a television station licensed to Rosenberg, Texas, United States, broadcasting the Spanish-language Univision network to the Houston area. It is owned and operated by TelevisaUnivision alongside Alvin-licensed UniMás outlet KFTH-DT (channel 67). Both stations share studios near the Southwest Freeway (adjacent to the I-610/I-69 interchange) on Houston's southwest side, while KXLN-DT's transmitter is located near Missouri City, in unincorporated northeastern Fort Bend County.

In addition to its own digital signal, KXLN is simulcast in high definition on KFTH's fifth digital subchannel (virtual channel 67.5) from a separate transmitter near Missouri City.

History

In February 1980, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) designated three applications seeking channel 45 in Rosenberg for hearing. Trinity Broadcasting of Texas dropped out in 1981,[1] leaving two combatants for the channel. Pueblo Broadcasting, owned by businessmen A.C. Peña and J. Adán Treviño, proposed the construction of Houston's first full-time Spanish-language outlet; previously, KRIV, an English-language independent, had carried some Spanish programming from the Spanish International Network, Univision's predecessor, or adjacent to prime time. The bid had initially been prepared because SIN was interested in a station in the market and had approached local Hispanics to put together an application.[2] The other applicant was Texas 45 Broadcasting, a subsidiary of Chicago-based Weigel Broadcasting.[2]

The comparative hearings ended up examining Weigel's bid, more specifically issues added as to whether Weigel had misrepresented the coverage area of its only TV station, WCIU-TV, on maps it gave to prospective advertisers. In 1984, administrative law judge Edward Luton found Weigel qualified to be a licensee but also gave Pueblo the nod based on its lack of substantive broadcast interests, compared to the one station owned by Weigel, and a superior proposal for integration of management.[1] That same year, on August 2, Pueblo signed on a translator for SIN on channel 45 (K45AK), which it had separately filed for in 1979.[2] Plans were then made to build the full-power facility, which began broadcasting on September 16, 1987.[3] The station originally operated from studio facilities located along Kirby Drive, near the Astrodome;[3] it moved down the road in 1989.[4]

KXLN was immediately profitable: by 1990, sales reached $6 million a year.[5] It was the fastest-growing Hispanic business in the entire United States between 1984 and 1988, according to Hispanic Business magazine.[4] Univision bought KXLN from Pueblo in 1994 for $20 million.[6]

Univision Communications acquired channel 67, then KHSH-TV, from USA Broadcasting in 2000; that station became the Houston charter station of Univision's new secondary network, Telefutura (which was rebranded as UniMás in January 2013) when it launched in January 2002. Later that year, Univision, in a multimillion-dollar purchase, bought a six-story building in Houston's Uptown district to serve as the studio facilities for KXLN, KFTH and several Univision-owned radio stations in the Houston area. The Univision-owned local properties moved into the building in 2006.

On January 26, 2019, KXLN changed frequencies from RF channel 45 to RF channel 30 as part of the FCC's spectrum repack.

News operation

Univision building in Houston
Univision building in Houston

In 1988, KXLN began producing news updates during Univision prime-time programming; two years later, the station began producing a 6 p.m. newscast.[7] In 1993, KXLN debuted Houston's first Spanish-language morning news program, Houston Ahora, as well as an innovative late evening newscast called 15 Minutos. Ratings success was quick to follow; the station attracted more younger viewers than KPRC-TV by 2001.[8]

On March 27, 2015, the station axed its morning newscast along with the local UniMás show Vive La Mañana for a regionalized morning newscast titled Noticias Texas Primera Edicion that would air on Univision stations in Dallas, Houston, San Antonio, and Austin.[9] Univision restored separate morning newscasts to the four Texas stations in 2019.[10]

The Univision building in Houston houses a weather center, opened in 2017, that supplies the company's broadcast stations and digital platforms nationwide with weather information and forecasts.[11]

Notable on-air staff

Technical information

Subchannels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming[13]
45.1 720p 16:9 KXLN-DT Main KXLN-DT programming / Univision
45.2 Unimas Simulcast of KFTH-DT / UniMás
45.3 480i Escape Ion Mystery
45.4 NTD New Tang Dynasty Television
45.5 DIGI-TV Digi-TV

Analog-to-digital conversion

KXLN-DT (as KXLN-TV) discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 45, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate.[14] The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 46 to channel 45 for post-transition operations.[15][16]

Eleven days later, all Univision owned-and-operated stations, including KXLN, permanently added a -DT prefix to their call signs.

References

  1. ^ a b Luton, Edward (May 11, 1984). "Initial Decision (100 FCC 2d 414)". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Benedict, Daniel (June 29, 1987). "Spanish-language TV station readies for full-power operation". Houston Chronicle.
  3. ^ a b Cook, Glenn (September 17, 1987). "Efforts channeled to full power". The Houston Chronicle. pp. 5:1, 8.
  4. ^ a b Parks, Louis B. (November 19, 1989). "Spanish TV: success in any language". Houston Chronicle. p. Zest 9, 37.
  5. ^ Zuniga, Jo Ann (February 26, 1990). "Houston firms learning to speak Spanish: TV stations offer access to Hispanics". Houston Chronicle. pp. 1B, 2B.
  6. ^ McDaniel, Mike (June 7, 1994). "Hispanic TV concern buys Houston station". Houston Chronicle. pp. 1C, 4C.
  7. ^ Hodges, Ann (April 6, 1990). "Suspended sportscaster back again". Houston Chronicle. p. 8F.
  8. ^ Davis Hudson, Eileen (September 24, 2001). "Houston". Mediaweek. pp. 16–22. ProQuest 213624838 – via ProQuest.
  9. ^ Villafañe, Veronica (March 31, 2015). "Univision cancels Dallas & Houston newscasts; launches regional Texas show". Media Moves. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  10. ^ Miller, Mark (March 13, 2019). "Univision Launches A.M. News In 4 Markets". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  11. ^ Witthaus, Jack (May 5, 2017). "Univision to launch national weather service office in Houston". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  12. ^ Villafañe, Verónica (October 15, 2012). "Peimbert named anchor at Univision Houston". Media Moves. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
  13. ^ "RabbitEars.Info". www.rabbitears.info. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  14. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Station Archived August 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Ellison, David (February 6, 2009). "Consumer Watch: Stations have more DTV work to do". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  16. ^ "CDBS Print". fjallfoss.fcc.gov. Retrieved November 21, 2018.