The following is a list of individual trees. Trees listed here are regarded as important or specific by their historical, national, locational, natural or mythological context. The list includes actual trees located throughout the world, as well as trees from myths and religions.

Africa

Living

Image Name Species Location Age (years) Notes
Lost Tree Acacia Sahara desert
20°38′42″N 11°14′56″E / 20.645°N 11.249°E / 20.645; 11.249 (Lost Tree)
Isolated acacia tree, a landmark on the route across the Sahara.
Wonderboom tree in Pretoria Wonderboom (Ficus salicifolia) Pretoria, South Africa
25°41′13″S 28°11′30″E / 25.6870°S 28.1918°E / -25.6870; 28.1918 (Wonderboom tree)
A sprawling fig tree in Pretoria, South Africa.
El Drago Milenario Dragon tree (Dracaena draco) Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife
28°22′00″N 16°43′20″W / 28.3666°N 16.72222°W / 28.3666; -16.72222 (El Drago Milenario)
Local tourist attraction for more than a hundred years.
Sunland Baobab Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Limpopo Province, South Africa
23°37′16″S 30°11′53″E / 23.62111°S 30.19806°E / -23.62111; 30.19806 (Sunland Baobab)
1060 A giant and ancient baobab tree, with a pub in the hollow.
Sagole Baobab Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Near Tshipise, in Vendaland, Limpopo Province, South Africa
22°30′00″S 30°38′00″E / 22.50000°S 30.63333°E / -22.50000; 30.63333 (Sagole Baobab)
Largest baobab in South Africa.
Glencoe Baobab Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Hoedspruit, South Africa
24°22′25″S 30°51′24″E / 24.37361°S 30.85667°E / -24.37361; 30.85667 (Glencoe Baobab)
1835 Stoutest and second largest baobab in South Africa
Ombalantu baobab tree Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Outapi, Namibia
17°30′43″S 14°59′16″E / 17.51194°S 14.98778°E / -17.51194; 14.98778 (Ombalantu baobab tree)
800 Has served as a chapel, post office, house, and place of hiding.
Post Office Tree White milkwood (Sideroxylon inerme) Mosselbay, South Africa
34°10′49″S 22°08′29″E / 34.180363°S 22.141382°E / -34.180363; 22.141382 (Post Office Tree)
c. 600 Acted as a "post office" in earlier times and now has a boot shaped postbox.
Treaty Tree White milkwood (Sideroxylon inerme) Woodstock, Cape Town, South Africa
33°55′35″S 18°27′05″E / 33.92626°S 18.45130°E / -33.92626; 18.45130 (Treaty Tree)
c. 500 Site of a peace treaty in 1806.
Big Tree in Chirinda Forest Nyasa redwood (Khaya anthotheca ) Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe
20°26′29″S 32°42′15″E / 20.44139°S 32.70417°E / -20.44139; 32.70417 (Big Tree in Chirinda Forest)
1000+ A National Monument of Zimbabwe. The tree is currently in the process of dying.

Historical

Image Name Species Location Age (years) Notes
Tree of Ténéré Acacia Sahara desert
17°45′00″N 10°04′00″E / 17.75000°N 10.06667°E / 17.75000; 10.06667 (Arbre du Ténéré)
A very isolated tree in the Sahara desert, notable before 1934, in Niger, destroyed in 1973.
Panke Baobab African baobab (Adansonia digitata) Zimbabwe 2,419 Oldest documented non-clonal angiosperm. Tree fell in 2011.[1]
Chapman's Baobab African baobab (Adansonia digitata) Botswana Found and named after James Chapman and marked by explorer David Livingstone. Tree fell in 2016.[2]
The Cotton Tree Kapok (Ceiba pentandra) Freetown, Sierra Leone
8°29′14″N 13°14′08″W / 8.4872°N 13.2356°W / 8.4872; -13.2356 (The Cotton Tree)
~400 Historic symbol of Freetown. The tree fell during a rainstorm on May 24, 2023.

Asia

Living

Image Name Species Location Age (years) Notes
Cypress of Abarkuh Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) Abarkuh, Yazd Province, Iran 4,500 The second oldest living tree in the world.
Thimmamma Marrimanu Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) Anantapur District, Andhra Pradesh, India
800 A clonal colony of Indian banyan with a crown area of over 11 acres. This is the largest tree in the world by crown area.
Osmania Lifesaver Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) Hyderabad, Telangana, India

17.361719°N 78.475166°E

300 A large tamarind tree near the river Musi in Hyderabad. In 1908 150 people hung on to this tree for two full days amidst a severe flood. The tree stood strong and continues to do so after 110 years. The tree is currently over 300 years old.[3]
Wonder Balete Balete tree OISCA Farm in Canlaon, Philippines 1,300 The over 1,300-year-old balete tree (related to banyan trees) is probably the oldest known tree in the country as estimated by botanists from Silliman University.[4]
Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi Sacred fig (Ficus religiosa) Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
8°20′41″N 80°23′48″E / 8.34472°N 80.39667°E / 8.34472; 80.39667 (Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi)
2300 A sacred fig propagated from the Bodhi Tree under which Buddha became enlightened. It was planted in 288 BC.[5]
Jōmon Sugi Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) Yakushima island, Japan
30°21′40.76″N 130°31′55.81″E / 30.3613222°N 130.5321694°E / 30.3613222; 130.5321694 (Jōmon Sugi)
Ancient specimen; one of the oldest trees on Yakushima.
Great sugi of Kayano Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) Kaga, Ishikawa, Japan
36°13′39″N 136°21′36″E / 36.22750°N 136.36000°E / 36.22750; 136.36000 (Great sugi of Kayano)
2,300
Big Banyan Tree Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) Ramohalli, Bangalore, India
12°54′34″N 77°23′44″E / 12.90944°N 77.39556°E / 12.90944; 77.39556 (Dodda Aladha Mara)
400
Tree of Life Mesquite (Prosopis cineraria) Bahrain
25°59′39″N 50°35′00″E / 25.994073°N 50.583235°E / 25.994073; 50.583235 (Tree of Life)
400
Rahmat tree Plane tree (Platanus) Kermanshah, Kermanshahan Province, Iran 700 Located in the historical area of Taq Bostan.
The Ying Ke Pine, Yingkesong Huangshan pine (Pinus hwangshanensis) Huangshan, China Thought to be 1,500 Ying Ke, meaning "Welcoming-Guests" pine on Huangshan.[6]
Methuselah Judean date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) Israel[7] 19[7] The formerly extinct tree was sprouted from a 2,000-year-old seed.
Sahabi Tree Atlantic Pistachio (Pistacia atlantica) Safawi, Jordan 1500 Pistachio tree under which the Islamic prophet Muhammad supposedly sat.
Takeshi Kaneshiro Tree
(金城武樹)
Bishop wood (Bischofia javanica) Chihshang, Taitung, Taiwan About 40 Made famous by advertisements for EVA Air with Takeshi Kaneshiro made in June 2013 under this tree.
King Cypress Cypress (Cupressus gigantea) Bayi District, Tibet 2600 Estimated to be ~2,600 years old.

Historical

Image Name Species Location Age (years) Notes
The Bodhi Tree Sacred fig (Ficus religiosa) Bodh Gaya, India
24°41′45.29″N 84°59′29.29″E / 24.6959139°N 84.9914694°E / 24.6959139; 84.9914694 (Bodhi Tree)
The tree under which Buddha obtained enlightenment. The current tree at the site is a replacement.
Zuihuai Pagoda tree (Styphnolobium japonicum) Jingshan park
39°55′23.22″N 116°23′33.64″E / 39.9231167°N 116.3926778°E / 39.9231167; 116.3926778 (Guilty Chinese Scholartree)
The tree on which the Chongzhen Emperor hanged himself shortly after escaping the Forbidden City in Beijing, China. The original tree died and was replaced by a replica.
Changi Tree Hopea sangal

or

Sindora wallichii

Singapore A historical visual landmark located in Singapore. Thought to be a specimen of Sindora wallichii, with an estimated height of 75 metres (246 feet), it was filled with explosive charges during the Second World War to prevent its use as a ranging aide by the approaching Japanese artillery.
Dry tree Platanus Northern Persia, possibly Tabriz or somewhere in Khorasan According to a legend, the solitary Dry tree marked the spot of a great battle between Alexander the Great and Darius. Later recorded by Marco Polo.
Cypress of Kashmar Cypress Kashmar, Khorasan Province, Persia

35°14′18″N 58°27′56″E

According to a legend, it has sprung from a branch brought by Zoroaster from Paradise.
The Lone Pine Turkish pine (Pinus brutia) Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey
40°13′49.48″N 26°17′14.74″E / 40.2304111°N 26.2874278°E / 40.2304111; 26.2874278 (Lone Pine)
A solitary tree which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in 1915.
The Kalayaan Tree Copperpod (Peltophorum pterocarpum) Malolos Cathedral, Bulacan, Philippines The Kalayaan Tree (Tree of Freedom), located near the front of the Minor Basilica of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception in the historic city of Malolos, Bulacan, Philippines. The siar tree was planted by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo during a lull in the Malolos Convention. Under the tree is a monument symbolizing the meeting of Filipino revolutionaries represented by statues of Gregorio del Pilar and Gen. Isidoro Torres; Don Pablo Tecson, a legislator; Padre Mariano Sevilla, a nationalist leader of the church and Doña Basilia Tantoco, a woman freedom fighter.[8][9]
Korean DMZ A tree within the Korean DMZ was the focus of the Axe Murder Incident, in which two United States Army officers were killed by North Korean soldiers. The killings led to Operation Paul Bunyan, named for the legendary lumberjack. The tree was eventually cut down under the watch of over 800 soldiers.

Europe

Living

Name Species Location Age (years) Notes
Defynnog Yew Yew (Taxus baccata) Defynnog, Wales c. 2,500 A landmark tree in St Cynog's churchyard.
Bicycle Tree Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) Brig o' Turk, Scotland c. 110–150 A landmark tree with a bicycle embedded within it.
Brimmon Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Newtown, Powys, Wales c. 500 A campaign to save it forced the diversion of the A483 Newtown Bypass.
Lime in Leliceni Lime
Tilia cordata
Leliceni, Romania c. 500 It was named the European Tree of the Year in 2011.[10][11]
Old Lime Tree of Felsőmocsolád Lime
Tilia sp.
Felsőmocsolád, Hungary 400 It was named the European Tree of the Year in 2012.[12]
Old Tjikko Norway spruce
Picea abies
Dalarna, Sweden
61°35′N 12°40′E / 61.583°N 12.667°E / 61.583; 12.667 (Old Tjikko (approximate location))
9,566[13] The oldest known individual clonal tree in the world.
Oliveira do Mouchão [pt] Olive tree (Olea europaea) Mouriscas, Portugal
39°28′24″N 8°04′51″W / 39.473217°N 8.080930°W / 39.473217; -8.080930 (Oliveira do Mouchão)
3,350[14][15] The oldest known olive tree in the world (with an estimate age precision of 2%).
Stara Maslina Olive tree (Olea europaea) Bar, Montenegro
42°04′48″N 19°07′46″E / 42.08000°N 19.12944°E / 42.08000; 19.12944 (Stara Maslina)
2,240
Craigends Yew Yew (Taxus baccata) Grounds of the old Craigends estate, Houston, Renfrewshire, Scotland
55°51′45″N 4°31′35″W / 55.862413°N 4.5262771°W / 55.862413; -4.5262771 (Craigends Yew)
>700 Largest layering yew tree in Scotland, with a 100-metre circumference of the crown.
Fortingall Yew European yew (Taxus baccata) Churchyard of the village of Fortingall in Perthshire, Scotland
56°35′53″N 4°03′04″W / 56.598158°N 4.051007°W / 56.598158; -4.051007 (Fortingall Yew)
2,000–5,000 Various estimates have put its age at between 2,000 and 5,000 years.
Florence Court Yew Irish yew (Taxus baccata 'Fastigiata') Florence Court estate near Enniskillen, Fermanagh, Northern Ireland
54°15′40″N 7°43′38″W / 54.261004°N 7.727313°W / 54.261004; -7.727313 (Florencecourt Yew)
257 The survivor of the original pair of Irish yew saplings discovered on Cuilcagh mountain in 1767, this specimen was transplanted to the gardens at Florence Court in the same year. Almost all Irish yews worldwide are believed to derive from this tree following its commercial propagation after 1820.
Bermiego Yew European yew (Taxus baccata) Bermiego, Asturias, Spain
43°12′03″N 5°59′03″W / 43.200930°N 5.984258°W / 43.200930; -5.984258 (Bermiego Yew)
c. 2000 Considered one of the oldest yews in Europe.
Caesarsboom (Caesar's Tree) European yew (Taxus baccata) Lo, Belgium
50°58′49″N 2°44′44″E / 50.98028°N 2.74554°E / 50.98028; 2.74554 (Caesarsboom)
Noted for the legend that Julius Caesar tethered his horse to it during his conquest of the region.
The Old Elm Field elm (Ulmus minor) Center of Sliven, Bulgaria 1100 It won the 2014 European Tree of the Year Award. The tree has sat in the center of Sliven for 1100 years, serving as a gathering point and a historical marker. It is also part of the city coat of arms.[16]
Granit Oak English oak (Quercus robur) Granit village near Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
42°15′15″N 25°08′10″E / 42.254067°N 25.136080°E / 42.254067; 25.136080 (Granit oak)
1,679 One of the oldest trees in Europe, estimated to be about 1,650 years old. Its crown spread covers an area of 1,017 square metres, its girth is 7.45 m, and its height is 23.4 m.
Allerton Oak Sessile oak (Quercus petraea) Calderstones Park, Liverpool, UK
53°22′57″N 2°53′34″W / 53.3826°N 2.8928°W / 53.3826; -2.8928 (Allerton oak)
1000 English Tree of the Year in 2019.
Bartek Oak Zagnańsk, Świętokrzyskie, Poland
50°59′N 20°40′E / 50.983°N 20.667°E / 50.983; 20.667 (Bartek)
650–670 A famous tree in Poland, visited by kings, said to be about 1,200 years old (actually 650–670 years according to recent studies[citation needed]). It is 30 m tall, 13.5 m in girth near the ground, with a crown spread of 40 m.
Sobieski Oak Pedunculate oak Racibórz, Rudy Landscape Park, Poland

50°7′45.85″N 18°16′26.70″E / 50.1294028°N 18.2740833°E / 50.1294028; 18.2740833 (Sobieski Oak)

Over 400 It is the thickest and oldest tree in Racibórz, the Łężczok nature reserve, and one of the three oldest and most magnificent trees in the Rudy Landscape Park.
Gernikako Arbola Oak Guernica, Basque Country, Spain
43°18′53″N 2°40′47″W / 43.31472°N 2.67972°W / 43.31472; -2.67972 (Gernikako Arbola)
Fifth in the dynasty:

23

An oak representing the Basque people.
Queen Elizabeth Oak English oak (Quercus robur) Royal Palace of Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
50°59′46″N 0°42′02″W / 50.99613°N 0.70066°W / 50.99613; -0.70066 (Queen Elizabeth Oak)
800–1000 Said to be the location where Elizabeth I of England was told she was queen in 1558.
Darley Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Darleyford, Cornwall, England
50°32′02″N 4°26′02″W / 50.53396°N 4.43382°W / 50.53396; -4.43382 (Darley Oak)
1000+ Folk tradition attributes healing properties to the tree.
Kongeegen (the King Oak) Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Jægerspris Nordskov, Sjælland, Denmark
55°54′37″N 11°59′21″E / 55.91028°N 11.98917°E / 55.91028; 11.98917 (Kongeegen)
1,200 The oldest tree in Denmark.
Chêne chapelle Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Allouville-Bellefosse, Normandy, France
49°35′47″N 0°40′35″E / 49.59639°N 0.67639°E / 49.59639; 0.67639 (Chêne chapelle)
1,200 An 800- to 1,200-year-old pedunculate oak, under which William the Conqueror is to have stopped, according to a local legend. There are two chapels inside.
Major Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire, England
53°12′17″N 1°4′20.80″W / 53.20472°N 1.0724444°W / 53.20472; -1.0724444 (Major Oak)
800 The most famous and most visited tree of Great Britain. About 800 years old,[17] with a girth at breast height of 10.5 m.
Dinoša mulberry tree Mulberry tree

(Morus (plant))

Dinoša, Montenegro
Mulberry tree in Dinoša that spouts water following heavy rainfall.
Gilwell Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Gilwell Park, Epping Forest, Essex, United Kingdom
51°39′1″N 0°0′8″E / 51.65028°N 0.00222°E / 51.65028; 0.00222 (Gilwell Oak)
circa 500 Oak tree associated with the early history of the Scout Association
Ivenack Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Ivenack, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany 800 A huge and ancient pedunculate oak thought to be about 800 years old, 35 m tall, 11 m in girth at breast height and 16.5 m near the ground. The largest oak in Germany and (in wood volume) probably in Europe.[18]
Baikushev's pine Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) Pirin mountains near Bansko, Bulgaria 1,300 An ancient tree estimated to be 1,300 years old. It is one of the oldest trees of Bulgaria and stands 24 m tall with a girth of 6.9 m at breast height.
Stelmužė Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Stelmužė, Zarasai district, Lithuania
55°49′48″N 26°13′03″E / 55.8299811°N 26.2175894°E / 55.8299811; 26.2175894 (Stelmužė Oak)
1,500 Measures a girth at breast height of 9.58 m and 13 m near the ground. The oldest tree in Lithuania and the Baltic States.
Chestnut Tree of One Hundred Horses Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa) Sant'Alfio, the eastern slope of Mount Etna, Sicily
37°45′00.7″N 15°7′49.4″E / 37.750194°N 15.130389°E / 37.750194; 15.130389 (Chestnut Tree of One Hundred Horses)
2000–4000 Probably the world's oldest and largest chestnut.
Bialbero de Casorzo (Grana Double Tree) Outer: Mulberry

Inner: Cherry tree

Grana, Piedmont, Italy A tree which grows in a hollow tree near Grana, Piemont, Italy. [19]
The Olive tree of Vouves Olive tree (Olea europaea) Ano Vouves, Kolymvari, Crete, Greece
35°29′12″N 23°47′13″E / 35.48667°N 23.78694°E / 35.48667; 23.78694 (Olive tree of Vouves)
2,000 It is confirmed to be at least 2000 years old based on tree ring analysis, but it is claimed to be between 3000 and 4000 years old.
The Hungry Tree London plane, Platanus × acerifolia. In the grounds of the King's Inns in Dublin, Ireland. 80 approx The Hungry Tree is an otherwise unremarkable specimen of the London plane, which has become known for having partially consumed a nearby park bench.
Flower Square oak English oak (Quercus robur) Belgrade, Serbia ~200 Around two centuries old, the last remaining of the forest that covered the area.
Oak at the Gate of the Dead Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Near Wrexham, Wales Circa 1,000 Sited on the burial ground of the 1165 Battle of Crogen
Midland Oak Oak Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England
52°18′00″N 1°31′47″W / 52.300062°N 1.529750°W / 52.300062; -1.529750 (Midland Oak)
36[20] Reputed to mark the centre of England. Grown from an acorn from the original tree.
Najevnik Linden Tree Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata) Najevnik Farm in Ludranski Vrh, Črna na Koroškem, northern Slovenia ~700 The tree with the largest girth in Slovenia (10.70 meters; its height is 24 m). Estimated to be 700 years old. The traditional meeting place of Slovene politicians and a cultural venue.
Tamme-Lauri oak Oak Urvaste Parish, Võru County, Estonia

57°55′ 2″ N, 26° 34′ 36″ E

690 Thickest and oldest tree in Estonia.
Orissaare Stadium oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Orissaare, Saare County, Estonia
58°33′32.2″N 23°4′49″E / 58.558944°N 23.08028°E / 58.558944; 23.08028 (Orissaare Stadium oak)
Grows in the middle of Orissaare stadium. European Tree of the Year 2015
Waldtraut of the mill forest [de] Douglas fir Arboretum Freiburg-Günterstal near Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany 114[21] Tallest tree in Germany with a height of 66.58 meters in 2017[21][22][23]
Sobreiro Monumental Cork oak (Quercus suber) Águas de Moura, Portugal
39°28′24″N 8°04′51″W / 39.473216°N 8.080946°W / 39.473216; -8.080946 (Sobreiro Monumental)
241[24] Verified by the Guinness Book of Records as the largest cork oak in the world.[24]
Eucalipto do Vale de Canas Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) Coimbra, Portugal 145[25] Tallest tree in Europe at 72.9 metres (239 ft).[25]
The Suffrage Oak Hungarian Oak (Quercus frainetto) Glasgow, Scotland 106[26] Oak tree planted by Scottish suffragist groups to mark the beginning of the right to vote for some women.[26]

Historical

Image Name Species Location Age (years) Notes
Merlin's Oak Carmarthen, Wales
Anne Frank Tree Horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) City center of Amsterdam, Netherlands
52°22′30.7″N 4°53′4.7″E / 52.375194°N 4.884639°E / 52.375194; 4.884639 (Ann Frank Tree (former))
Featured in Anne Frank's The Diary of a Young Girl. The tree was destroyed in a gale in the late summer of 2010.
Glastonbury Thorn Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) Reputed to have been planted by Joseph of Arimathea.
Donar's Oak Oak A tree sacred to the Germanic tribe of the Chatti, ancestors of the Hessians.
Sacred tree at Uppsala Temple at Uppsala, Sweden It was a sacred tree venerated by Norse pagans, still extant in the second half of the 11th century.
Royal Oak Pedunculate oak (Quercus robur) Boscobel, England King Charles II hid in the tree to escape the Roundheads following the Battle of Worcester in 1651. The tree has been replaced by a descendant.
Shakespeare's mulberry tree Mulberry New Place, Stratford-upon-Avon, England Cut down in the mid-18th century and fashioned into mementos.
Tree of Hippocrates Oriental plane (Platanus orientalis) Kos, Greece The tree under which Hippocrates is supposed to have taught.
Danger Tree Beaumont-Hamel, France Marks the area of highest casualties suffered by the Royal Newfoundland Regiment during their attack at Beaumont Hamel during the Battle of the Somme. The current 'tree' is a concrete replica, however growth around the replica may be from the same root system as the original tree.
Takovo bush Oak Takovo, Serbia Tree under which Miloš Obrenović started the Second Serbian Uprising.[27]
Pine of Tsar Dušan Bosnian pine (Pinus heldreichii) Uroševac, Serbia 663 Planted in 1336 by Tsar Dušan, destroyed by Albanian extremists in 1999.[citation needed]
Pi de les Tres Branques Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) Catalonia, Spain Regarded as symbolising the unity of the Catalan countries.
Poplar of Horror Poplar Donja Gradina, Bosnia and Herzegovina Used for mass executions of inmates of the Jasenovac concentration camp.[28]
Buttington Oak Oak Buttington, Powys, Wales Said to have been planted to commemorate the Battle of Buttington in 893. Fell in February 2018.
Robin Hood's Larder Oak Sherwood Forest Reputed to have been used by Robin Hood to store food. It was badly burnt by fire in the late 19th century and again in 1913. It finally fell in a gale in 1961 and no trace of it remains.
Sycamore Gap Tree Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus) Northumberland, England Circa 150 Standing next to Hadrian's Wall in a dramatic dip in the landscape, it was a popular photographic subject and featured in the 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. It was illegally felled on 28 September 2023 in what Northumbria Police described as "an act of vandalism".
Caton Oak Oak Caton, England Reputed to have been a sacred tree for druids, the tree declined during the 20th century, so an acorn from it was planted in 2007 to grow a replacement. The original tree fell on 20 June 2016.
The Happy Man Tree London Plane (Platanus x hispanica) Hackney, London, England
51°34′19″N 0°05′26″W / 51.5720179°N 0.0904784°W / 51.5720179; -0.0904784 (The Happy Man Tree)
150[29] England's Tree of the Year 2020 and subject of a dispute with property developer Berkeley Group Holdings. Cut down in January 2021.[30]
Sequoia of Vitoria-Gasteiz Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque Country, Spain
42°50′48″N 2°40′41″W / 42.846584°N 2.678167°W / 42.846584; -2.678167 (Great Sequoia)
154[31] Symbol of the city. Died in 2014.[31]

North America

Living

Name Species Location State Country Age Notes
100 gecs Tree Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) Des Plaines
42°01′49″N 87°54′44″W / 42.0302°N 87.9122°W / 42.0302; -87.9122 (100 gecs Tree)
IL US Unknown Used as a pilgrimage site by fans of the band 100 gecs.[32]
Árbol del Tule Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) Santa María del Tule
17°02′47.4″N 96°38′10″W / 17.046500°N 96.63611°W / 17.046500; -96.63611 (Árbol del Tule)
OAX MX 1,433–1,600 years (est)
The stoutest tree in the world. Its trunk has a circumference of 42.0 m (137.8 ft), equating to a diameter of 14.05 m (46.1 ft). In 2001 it was placed on a UNESCO tentative list of World Heritage Sites.
Allen Russell Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Balch Park, Tulare County CA US The 33rd largest tree worldwide, named in dedication to park ranger Allen I. Russell.
Angel Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Johns Island, near Charleston
32°43′4″N 80°4′46″W / 32.71778°N 80.07944°W / 32.71778; -80.07944 (Angel Oak)
SC US 400–500
It stands 66.5 ft (20.3 m) tall, measures 28 ft (8.5 m) in circumference, and produces shade that covers 17,200 square feet (1,600 square metres). Its longest branch distance is 187 ft.The tree and surrounding park have been owned by the neighboring city of Charleston since 1991.
Bedford Oak White oak (Quercus alba) Bedford NY US 300–500
In 1987, this tree was officially recognized by the National Arborist Association and International Society of Arboriculture as a significant tree that was alive at the time of the signing of the United States Constitution.[33][34] Its measurements are: circumference 20.5 feet (6.2 m); height 69 feet (21 m); average spread 100 feet (30 m).
Bennett Juniper Grand juniper (Juniperus grandis) Stanislaus National Forest
38°18′32″N 119°47′49.56″W / 38.30889°N 119.7971000°W / 38.30889; -119.7971000 (Bennett Juniper)
CA US 2,000–6,000 (est.) The largest known juniper in the United States.
Bicentennial Oak Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN US 250–300
One of the largest trees on the Vanderbilt campus, and the only one known to predate the university and the Revolutionary War. Died and fell in 2022.[35]
The Big Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Thomasville
30°50′28″N 83°58′54″W / 30.841114°N 83.981721°W / 30.841114; -83.981721 (The Big Oak)
GA US One of the oldest live oak trees east of the Mississippi River.
The Big Tree – Goose Island Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Rockport
28°09′09″N 96°58′36″W / 28.15252°N 96.97665°W / 28.15252; -96.97665 (The Big Tree – Goose Island)
TX US Located in Goose Island State Park.
Black walnut (Juglans nigra) Longview WA US 172[36] Marks the location of the Monticello Convention, establishing the Washington Territory in 1852.[36]
Bogey's Tree Pacific Palisades CA US A tree on the 12th hole at Riviera Country Club, named after Humphrey Bogart.
Boyington Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Mobile
30°41′10″N 88°03′06″W / 30.68608°N 88.05153°W / 30.68608; -88.05153 (Boyington Oak)
AL US 189 Reportedly grew from the grave of Charles Boyington in the potter's field just outside the walls of Church Street Graveyard. Boyington was tried and executed for the murder of his friend, Nathaniel Frost, on 20 February 1835. He stated that a tree would spring from his grave as proof of his innocence.[37][38]
Buttonball Tree American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Sunderland
42°28′07.83″N 72°34′42.14″W / 42.4688417°N 72.5783722°W / 42.4688417; -72.5783722
MA US 350–400 (est.)
Large tourist attraction of the town; the tree is believed to be the largest tree of its kind on the East Coast, or as locals put it, "The widest tree this side of the Mississippi." This tree's measurements are: circumference 25 feet (7.6 m); height 111 feet (34 m); average spread 140 feet (43 m).
Candler Oak Tree Oak Savannah
32°04′03″N 81°05′47″W / 32.0676°N 81.0963°W / 32.0676; -81.0963 (Chandler Oak Tree)
GA US ~300
A Georgia Landmark and Historic Tree. It is owned by the Savannah Law School which protects the tree with fences and security surveillance. The tree serves as the law school's logo.
Chandelier Tree Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Leggett CA US ~2,000

A coast redwood with a passage for cars cut through. It is 276-foot (84 m) high and 16-foot (4.9 m) ft. in diameter. The name "Chandelier Tree" comes from its unique limbs that resemble a chandelier.

Circus Trees Various Gilroy Gardens, Gilroy CA US A group of trees shaped into artistic forms by arborist Axel Erlandson.
Comfort Maple Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) Pelham ON CA 500
A 24.5-metre (80 ft) tall, approximately 500-year-old sugar maple.
Council Oak Tree Oak Hollywood FL US
A historic oak tree on the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation that was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2012.
Creek Council Oak Tree White oak Tulsa OK US
A large oak tree marking the founding of Tulsa by the Lochapoka Clan of the Creek Nation in 1836. Listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
Crooked Trees Aspen RM of Douglas
52°52′16″N 107°32′13″W / 52.8711°N 107.5370°W / 52.8711; -107.5370
SK CA 70
A deformed grove of templing aspen[39]
Davie Poplar Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) Chapel Hill NC US 300–375 A large tree on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, it was named in honor of Revolutionary War general and founder of the university William Richardson Davie. Many legends are associated with the tree.
Devil's Tree Oak Bernards Township NJ US

The tree is said to be cursed. Local legend says those who damage or disrespect the tree will soon thereafter come to some sort of harm, often in the form of a car accident or major breakdown as they leave.

Dewey Oak White oak (Quercus alba) Granby CT US 250–450
The Town of Granby, Connecticut uses an outline of this tree as their town seal, and Connecticut's Notable Trees uses a photo of it on their certificates. This tree was damaged in the October 2011 snow storm (Storm Alfred), but it is still alive. This tree's measurements are: circumference 20.5 ft (6.2 m) height 78 ft (24 m) average spread 129 ft (39 m).
Duffie Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Mobile AL US 300
It is estimated to be at least 300 years old and has a circumference of 30 feet 11 inches (9.42 m), a height of 48 feet (15 m) and a spread of 126 feet (38 m). Scholars consider it to be the oldest living landmark in the city.[40][41]
Emancipation Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Hampton VA US
On the campus of Hampton University, it is 98 feet (30 m) in diameter, with branches which extend upward as well as laterally. It is designated one of the 10 Great Trees of the World by the National Geographic Society[citation needed] and is part of the National Historic Landmark district of Hampton University.
Endicott Pear Tree European pear (Pyrus communis) Danvers
42°32′54″N 70°55′48″W / 42.548238°N 70.930013°W / 42.548238; -70.930013
MA US about 375
Planted by Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor John Endecott in the 1630s or 1640s, this tree is believed to be the oldest cultivated fruit tree in North America.
Friendship Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Long Beach
30°12′38″N 89°04′52″W / 30.210637°N 89.080994°W / 30.210637; -89.080994
MS US 500
A large tree on the Gulf Park campus of the University of Southern Mississippi, 59 feet (18 m) tall with a trunk diameter of 5.75 feet (1.75 m) and circumference of 19.8 feet (6.0 m).
General Grant tree Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Kings Canyon National Park CA US The "Nation's Christmas Tree" of the United States.
General Sherman tree Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Sequoia National Park CA US 2300–2700
The world's largest single living tree by volume, with an estimated 52,508 cu ft (1,487 m3) of wood in its trunk.
Gloomy Night Tree (Árbol de la Noche Triste) Tacuba CMX MX An old tree where Hernán Cortés allegedly mourned after being expelled from Tenochtitlan before taking the city by force.
Goshin Chinese juniper (Juniperus chinensis) Washington DC US ~65
A bonsai forest planting of eleven junipers donated to the National Bonsai Foundation in 1984, displayed since at the United States National Arboretum.
Grayson Elm American elm (Ulmus americana) Amherst MA US 200
This impressive elm with octopus-like limbs is located near the UMass Amherst campus. Writing under the pseudonym David Grayson, Ray Stannard Baker (1870–1946) penned the book Under My Tree about this elm.[42][43] According to Digital Amherst, a project of the Jones Library (the public library of Amherst, Massachusetts), Ray Stannard Baker "purchased the meadow [where the elm was located] in order to save the tree. About the elm he wrote, 'It is content. It does not weep with remorse over its past, nor tremble for its future. It flings its loveliness to the sky, it is content with spring; it is glorious in summer, it is patient through the long winter.'"[44] As of 2017, this tree's measurements are: circumference 17 feet (5.2 m); height 80 feet (24 m).
Great Elm at Phillips Academy American elm (Ulmus americana) Andover MA US 200+
This American elm tree is located on the Phillips Academy campus in Andover, MA. Phillips Academy was founded in 1778 and the tree is estimated to be 200 to 300 years old.[45] Tree measurements as of November 2019: circumference of 21 feet; spread over 100 feet; height estimated at 65 feet.
Great Tree Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziersii) Isis Oasis Sanctuary, Geyserville CA US 470 (+/- 125) Large anomalous multi-trunked Douglas Fir, aged by naturalist Luther Burbank as being 350–450 years old in 1905. Official Sonoma County Heritage Tree #51. On the grounds of Isis Oasis Sanctuary in Geyserville, California, previously the site of the Baha'i Summer School. Known to be used as a source of resin for waterproofing local Pomo baskets. Highway 101 was rerouted around Geyserville due to the presence of the tree.
Hangman's Elm English elm (Ulmus minor 'Atinia') Manhattan NY US ~310

The oldest known tree in Manhattan. Located in Washington Square Park, it stands 110 feet (34 m) tall and has a diameter of 56 inches (1.4 m). 40°43′55″N 73°59′55″W / 40.7319444444°N 73.9986111111°W / 40.7319444444; -73.9986111111

Hare Krishna Tree American elm (Ulmus americana) East Village, Manhattan NY US The founding site of the Hare Krishna movement in the United States.
Harris Creek Sitka Spruce Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) Near the creek bed of Harris Creek, off the Pacific Marine Road between Port Renfrew, B.C. and Honeymoon Bay, B.C. on Vancouver Island
48°40′45″N 124°12′51″W / 48.67921°N 124.21418°W / 48.67921; -124.21418 (Harris Creek Sitka Spruce)
BC CA
At 4 metres (13 ft) in diameter,[46] it is not the largest Sitka spruce on Vancouver Island, but is easily accessible due to the paving of a former logging road,[47] and has become well-known: hikers going by on the Harris Creek Main trail are recommended by trail guide books to make a short detour to visit it. Can be reached by wheel-chair-accessible short trail from Pacific Marine Road, from small sign on right hand side of road going northeast, about 20 km north-east of Port Renfrew, or 8 km past Lizard Lake.[48] Logging in this area was permanently restricted by a 2012 vote.[46]
Hyperion Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Redwood National Park CA US The tallest living tree in the world, measured 115.5 m tall when found in 2006. It reached 116.07 metres (380.8 ft) in 2019.[49] The second and third tallest trees, both coastal redwoods, were also found in Redwood National Park in 2006, and named Helios (114.7 metres (376 ft)) and Icarus (113.1 metres (371 ft)).[49]
I-17 Mystery Christmas Tree One-seed juniper (Juniperus monosperma) Yavapai County AZ US A tree in the median of Interstate 17 annually decorated for Christmas.
International World War Peace Tree Linden tree Darmstadt IN US 112[50] A tree planted by German American immigrants, it was dedicated at the end of World War I as a reminder of Germany's armistice with the United States and a sign of loyalty to America.
Iluvatar Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, near Orick CA US
The third largest known coast redwood.
Jardine Juniper Rocky Mountain juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) Logan Canyon, Cache National Forest UT US ~1500
Notable for its age, it was named after USAC alumnus and former US Secretary of Agriculture William Marion Jardine.
Keeler Oak White oak (Quercus alba) Mansfield Township, Burlington County NJ US ~300
A sign posted near the tree states: "This 300 year old tree was witness to the Colonial troops and Hessian soldiers as they marched through Black Horse down to Petticoat Bridge where a famous skirmish took place during the Revolutionary War. The tree is affectionately named for the previous owners of the farm where it now stands and serves as the Mansfield Township logo."[51] It is approximately 22.5 feet in circumference at chest height.
Le Chêne à Papineau Northern red oak (Quercus rubra) Montebello QC CA Estimated 300 years old and 20 m tall, it is one of the oldest known trees in Quebec.
Linden Oak White oak (Quercus alba) North Bethesda MD US ~300
A large tree with a height of 97 feet (30 m) and a crown spread of 132 feet (40 m) as measured in February 2008 by the Maryland Big Tree Program. 39°01′22″N 77°06′08″W / 39.0227679167°N 77.1022224444°W / 39.0227679167; -77.1022224444
Lone Cypress Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) Pebble Beach CA US ~250
A dramatically situated tree, a western icon, and considered one of the most photographed trees in North America. 36°34′07″N 121°57′55″W / 36.568748°N 121.965339°W / 36.568748; -121.965339
Lost Monarch Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park CA US
The world's fifth largest coast redwood in terms of wood volume with a 26 feet (7.9 m) diameter at breast height (with multiple stems included), and 320 feet (98 m) in height.
Luna Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Humboldt County
40°15′42″N 124°18′36″W / 40.2618°N 124.3100°W / 40.2618; -124.3100 (Luna (Redwood Tree))
CA US 600–1000 A 200 feet (61 m) tall redwood that became notable when environmental activist Julia Butterfly Hill lived on a platform in the tree for 738 days in 1997–1999 to prevent it from being logged. In 2000, it was cut halfway through with a chainsaw but has survived and has been braced for support.
Brooklyn Magnolia Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) Brooklyn NY US ~130
An unusually large magnolia grandiflora for the latitude. A New York City designated landmark. The tree was brought as a seedling from North Carolina and planted around 1885.
Man in Tree sequoia Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Downtown Seattle WA US
The site of a police standoff with a mentally ill man.
Marlboro Tree Black willow (Salix nigra) Marlboro Township NJ US 177[52] The tree is about 152 years old and measures 76 feet (23 m) in height and 19 ft 8 in (5.99 m) in circumference. Five grown people must hold hands to fully encircle the tree.
Methuselah Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest, Inyo County CA US 4,700 A candidate for the oldest known living organism (approximately 4,700 years).
Moon trees Various Grown from seeds taken into orbit around the Moon.
Oak of the Golden Dream Live oak Santa Clarita CA US ~180 Location of California's first authenticated gold discovery on 9 March 1842[53]
Old Redwood Highway Palm Trees Windsor
38°32′37″N 122°48′05″W / 38.54374°N 122.80127°W / 38.54374; -122.80127 (Old Redwood Highway Palm Trees)
CA US 17 palm trees designated as Windsor historical landmarks.
Oldest palm tree in Los Angeles Californian fan palm (Washingtonia filifera) Los Angeles
34°0′50″N 118°16′59″W / 34.01389°N 118.28306°W / 34.01389; -118.28306 (Oldest palm tree in Los Angeles)
CA US ~150
Transplanted multiple times throughout its lifespan; moved to current location on Exposition Park Drive on 5 September 1914.
El Palo Alto Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Palo Alto CA US A landmark that gave the city of Palo Alto its name. It stood up above its surroundings in a wide flat area and thus could be seen from far away in all directions, as far back as 1769 when Spanish explorers camped underneath it. It is no longer as impressive as it once was, having lost more than 50 feet (15 m) since its height was measured at 162.2 feet (49.4 m) in 1814. Since 1975, the unofficial mascot of Stanford University.
Pando (Latin for "I spread") Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) Fishlake National Forest UT US <14,000[54] A quaking aspen colony in Utah, is one of the oldest known clonal colonies at an estimated maximum of 14,000 years, and the heaviest at 6,000 tonnes.
Pechanga Great Oak Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) Temecula CA US 1500–2000 Oldest oak tree in the United States, possibly in the world.
Perryville Tree engravings Various Perryville MD US Trees carved by mentally ill veterans.
Peter Lebeck Oak Valley oak (Quercus lobata) Fort Tejon CA US 185+
An oak in which a grave marker was carved for an early Californian trapper, Peter Lebeck, killed by a grizzly bear in 1837 and buried underneath the tree.
Pinchot Sycamore American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Simsbury CT US 300–400+
The largest tree in Connecticut, an ancient sycamore named for Gifford Pinchot. This tree's measurements are: circumference 28 feet (8.5 m); height 100 feet (30 m); average spread 141 feet (43 m).
Queens Giant Tulip-tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) Northeast Queens NY US 350–450 The tree measures 40 metres (130 ft) tall and is 350–450 years old. It is the oldest living organism in the New York metropolitan area.
Rose trees at Sacred Heart Church Tombstone AZ US 136 (approx) Rose bushes with 5 ft (1.5 m) circumference trunks.
Sacred Oak Chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii) Oley Valley PA US 500
Claimed to be more than 500 years old, this oak tree earned its name through Native American legend. Its measurements are: circumference 21 feet (6.4 m); height 73 feet (22 m); average spread 118 feet (36 m).
Santa Barbara's Moreton Bay Fig Tree Santa Barbara CA US 147[55]
Seven Sisters Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Mandeville LA US 1,500 Believed to be nearly 1,500 years old. The tree has a girth of over 38 feet (12 m) and is the president of the Live Oak Society.
Stratosphere Giant Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) Humboldt Redwoods State Park CA US 112.8 m tall, the tallest known tree in the world until displaced by Hyperion.
Survivor Tree American elm (Ulmus americana) Oklahoma City OK US
Incorporated into the Oklahoma City National Memorial. Located across the street from the former Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, it survived the terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City on 19 April 1995.
Survivor Tree Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) Manhattan NY US Survived the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001 and was incorporated into the National September 11 Memorial & Museum.
Treaty Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Jacksonville FL US
An octopus-like southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) in Jacksonville, Florida. It is estimated to be 250 years old and is located in Treaty Oak Park in the Southbank area of Downtown Jacksonville.
Treaty Oak Plateau live oak (Quercus fusiformis) Austin TX US
A 500-year old plateau live oak (Quercus fusiformis) in Austin, Texas. It is the last surviving member of the Council Oaks, a grove of 14 trees that served as a sacred meeting place for Comanche and Tonkawa tribes prior to European settlement of the area.
Treaty Tree Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) Nisqually Reservation WA US Marks the location of the Treaty of Medicine Creek between the United States and most Pacific Northwest Native American tribes.
The Tree That Owns Itself White oak (Quercus alba) Athens GA US "Son of..." planted 4 December 1946:

77

According to local folklore, it owns itself and all land within 2.5 m (8.2 ft) of its base.
The Tree That Owns Itself Post oak (Quercus stellata) Eufaula AL US Legally given ownership of itself and its land in 1936 by the mayor of Eufaula.
UConn West Hartford Oak White oak (Quercus alba) West Hartford CT US 250–300
Connecticut co-champion white oak tree.[56] Measurements as of 2020: circumference 24 ft 9 in (7.54 m); height 78 ft (24 m); spread 115 ft (35 m).[57]
Washington Oak White oak Princeton NJ US Overlooks the Princeton Battlefield State Park; located where British and American forces first saw each other, igniting the Battle of Princeton in 1777.
Washington tree Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Sequoia National Park CA US
Witch Tree Northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis) Grand Portage MN US ~300
Also called Manido Giizhigance, or Little Cedar Spirit Tree by the Ojibwe Native American tribe, is a cedar growing on the rocky shoreline of Lake Superior. It is at least 300 years old, possibly twice that, revered by the local Ojibwe tribe, and mentioned by French explorers in 1731.
World's Largest Rosebush Rosa banksiae Tombstone AZ US 139 Guinness record "largest rosebush" of 8,000 sq ft (740 m2) area, with a 12 ft (3.7 m) circumference trunk.

Historical

Name Species Location Age Notes
Hollow Log (Balch Park) Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Balch Park, Tulare County, California US
36°13′13″N 118°40′46″W / 36.220404°N 118.679318°W / 36.220404; -118.679318 (Hollow Log)
A naturally hollowed out log of a now fallen giant sequoia that was once an attraction at a private resort before the land was donated as a park in 1930.
Beaman Oak White oak Lancaster, Massachusetts, US The largest white oak in Massachusetts, with a 31-foot circumference and featured on the seal of the Town of West Boylston.
The Royal Oak[citation needed] Oak Royal Oak, Michigan, US In 1819, Michigan Governor Lewis Cass and several companions set out on an exploration of Michigan territory to disprove land surveyors' claims that the territory was swampy and uninhabitable. The beginning of their journey seemed to support those claims until they reached a desirable area of higher ground near the intersections of Main, Rochester and Crooks Roads. Here they encountered a stately oak tree with a trunk considerably wider than most other oaks. Its large branches reminded Cass of the legend of the Royal Oak tree, under which King Charles II of England took sanctuary from enemy forces in 1660. Cass and his companions christened the tree the Royal Oak.
Balmville Tree Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Balmville, New York, US Oldest tree of its species in the Eastern United States, placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2000 as New York State's smallest state forest.
Black Hawk Tree Cottonwood (Populus sect. Aigeiros) Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, US Debunked local lore held that Sauk Chief Black Hawk once hid amongst its branches to escape his pursuers. The tree was destroyed by a storm during the 1920s.
Burmis tree Limber pine (Pinus flexilis) Crowsnest Pass, Alberta, Canada Declared dead in 1979 but still standing on the north side of the Crowsnest Highway.
Buttonwood (Platanus occidentalis) Wall Street, New York, New York, US
The tree which once stood at the foot of Wall Street in New York City. It was under this tree that stock traders once gathered and formed the Buttonwood Agreement which later evolved into the New York Stock Exchange.
Charter Oak White oak Connecticut, US 41°45′33″N 72°40′25″W / 41.75930°N 72.67355°W / 41.75930; -72.67355
An unusually large tree that was used to hide the Connecticut colonial constitution from English governor-general Sir Edmund Andros. The oak became a symbol of American independence and is commemorated on the Connecticut State Quarter. It fell during a storm in 1856.
Door Tree Quercus alba Hamden, Connecticut
41°24′43″N 77°53′42″E / 41.412°N 77.895°E / 41.412; 77.895 (Door Tree)
200
Door Tree 1898
Door Tree 1898
A white oak tree in which grew to resemble a doorway opening. Tree was vandalized in 2019.[58]
Eisenhower Tree Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) Augusta, Georgia, US 100–125
Loblolly pine tree on the Augusta National Golf Club course, said to be "among the most famous landmarks in golf", and particularly frustrating to Dwight D. Eisenhower. Removed in 2014 after suffering irreparable damage during an ice storm.
Encino Oak Tree Coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia) Los Angeles, California, US 1,000 A 1,000-year-old tree in the Encino districtof Los Angeles. It was also known as the Lang Oak. Once described as "the oldest known tree in the city of Los Angeles", it fell on 7 February 1998, due to strong winds from an El Niño storm.
Geneseo Big Tree Geneseo, New York, US A giant tree on the Genesee River, reported by some as an elm, by others as an oak. It was the site of the 1797 Treaty of Big Tree between Robert Morris and the Seneca tribe to sell most of western New York, also known as The Holland Purchase. It was washed away in a flood in the mid-19th century.
Great Elm Elm Boston, Massachusetts, US The tree stood at the center of the Boston Common until 15 February 1876. Initially believed to be used for executions, the tree later gained prestige as a centerpiece of the area.
Herbie American elm (Ulmus americana) Yarmouth, Maine, US 212
At 110 feet in height, it was the oldest and largest of its kind in New England. Having battled Dutch elm disease for years, its condition worsened and it was felled in 2010.
The Hippie Tree Willow Traverse City, Michigan, US A huge sprawling willow on the grounds of the former Traverse City State Hospital, this tree has been a landmark to locals due to it being covered in paint for many years. Due to being on old hospital grounds, this tree has been considered haunted by spirits, escaped patients fleeing the hospital, as well as Odawa people. The tree has also been considered a portal to Hell.
Hooker Oak Valley oak (Quercus lobata) Chico, California, US At its discovery in 1872 by Joseph Hooker, it was believed to be the largest of its species in the world and possibly as old as 1,000 years. After it fell in 1977, it was discovered it was actually two 325-year-old oak trees that had long since grown into one.
Inspiration Oak Live oak Magnolia Springs, Alabama, US 90 Having a spread of 192 feet, this oak, a landmark on US Highway 98, was girdled with a chainsaw in October 1990 during an eminent domain dispute with Baldwin County officials. Grafting efforts to save the tree failed, and it died in 1993. Estimated by locals to be around 500 years old, it was discovered to be only 90 years old in a ring count.
"The Joshua Tree" Yucca palm (Yucca brevifolia) Mojave Desert, US A lone-standing Joshua tree featured in the album art of The Joshua Tree by U2. The tree fell around 2000. A plaque now stands where the tree was, as the site is a popular site for fans to pay tribute to the band.
Kiidk'yaas (The Golden Spruce) Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, Canada A rare golden Sitka spruce sacred to the Haida, on Haida Gwaii. The tree was illegally felled in 1997.
Liberty Tree Elm tree Boston, Massachusetts, US
The Liberty Tree in Boston, as illustrated in 1825
The Liberty Tree in Boston, as illustrated in 1825
A famous tree near Boston Common where colonists in Boston staged the first act of defiance against the British government at the tree. The tree became a rallying point for the growing resistance to the rule of Britain over the American colonies and for that reason it was felled by British soldiers in 1775.
Lincoln Oak Oak Bloomington, Illinois, US
Historic tree at which Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln both gave speeches during the 1850s. The tree died in 1976.
Logan Elm American elm (Ulmus americana) Pickaway County, Ohio, US One of the largest American elm trees recorded at 65-foot-tall (20 m) with a trunk circumference of 24 feet (7.3 m) and a crown spread of 180 feet (55 m). Weakened by Dutch elm disease, the tree died from storm damage in 1964.
Mercer Oak White oak Princeton, New Jersey, US The tree on which a wounded General Hugh Mercer rested during the American Revolutionary War's Battle of Princeton. Despite its fall in early 2000, it continues to be Princeton's emblem.
Mingo Oak White oak Mingo County, West Virginia, US Formerly the oldest and largest white oak in the United States until its felling on 23 September 1938.
Mother of the Forest Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) A 321-foot (98 m) giant sequoia.
National Christmas Tree Blue spruce (Picea pungens) President's Park in Washington, D.C., US It was 9 meters (30 feet) tall when it was transplanted from York, Pennsylvania, in 1978. It was felled by a windstorm on 19 February 2011.
Old Oak Tree White oak Churchyard of Presbyterian Church in Basking Ridge, Basking Ridge, NJ 600
Nearly 100 feet (30 m) tall with a spread of more than 130 feet (40 m) and 20 feet (6.1 m) in circumference. Evangelical speakers woke up more than 3,000 underneath in 1740. Watched over American Revolutionary War events, survived numerous hurricanes, but died in 2016 and was taken down in 2017.[59]
Pioneer Cabin Tree Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Calaveras Big Trees State Park, California 1000 (est.)
Also known as The Tunnel Tree, it was one of the US's most famous trees drawing thousands of visitors annually. In the 1880s, a tunnel in its trunk was made so that tourists could pass through it. It fell during a rainstorm and flooding on 8 January 2017.
Prometheus Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) 5,000 Was the oldest living non-clonal organism. The age was estimated at 5,000 years. The tree was cut down on 6 August 1964, by a graduate student and US Forest Service personnel for research purposes, though at the time they did not know of its world-record age.
Senator Pond cypress (Taxodium ascendens) Big Tree Park, Longwood, Florida, US ~3,500 Was the oldest pond cypress tree in the world. It was 35 meters (115 feet) tall with a trunk diameter of 344 cm and an estimated stem volume of 119.4 m3. It was estimated to be 3,500 years old at the time of its demise in early 2012.
Treaty of Greenville Tree Greenville, Ohio, US
Trout Lake Big Tree Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) Mount Adams (Washington), US 46°03′32″N 121°31′47″W / 46.0588°N 121.5296°W / 46.0588; -121.5296
At 202 feet (62 m) tall and a diameter of 7 feet (210 cm), it is one of the largest known ponderosa pine trees in the world.
Vizcaíno-Serra Oak California live oak (Quercus agrifolia) Monterey, California
The tree was closely associated with the early history of Monterey, California and Junípero Serra. First described in 1602 by Sebastián Vizcaíno, it stood next to a creek in what is now Monterey State Historic Park. It was declared dead in 1904.
The Washington Oak Hampton Plantation near Charleston, South Carolina, US When George Washington visited Charleston in 1791, Eliza Lucas Pinckney complained about a live oak that blocked the view. Washington remarked that he liked the tree, so it was saved and has since been known as the Washington Oak.
Wawona Tree Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) Mariposa Grove in Yosemite National Park, Mariposa County, California, US Giant sequoia with a tunnel cut through it. Fell in 1969.
Salem Oak White oak (Quercus alba) Salem Friends Burial Grounds in Salem, New Jersey, US 500–600
22 ft (6.7 m) circumference. Was estimated between 500 and 600 years old. This tree did not sustain any damage from the Hurricane Sandy in October 2012.[60] Was removed in June 2019 due to complications involving old age.[61]
Shubie Tree / Stewackie Tree Northern red oak (Quercus rubra) Along Nova Scotia Highway 102 in Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia, Canada approx. 300 A lone red oak standing in a farm field, iconic in Nova Scotia for its size, photogenic appearance, and proximity to Nova Scotia Highway 102. Felled by Hurricane Fiona in 2022.[62][63][64]
Webster Sycamore American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Near Webster Springs in Webster County, West Virginia, US approx. 500 The largest American sycamore in the US state of West Virginia until its felling in 2010.
Wye Oak White oak Maryland, US Was the honorary state tree of Maryland, and the largest white oak tree in the United States until a lightning strike.[citation needed]
Henry Clay Oak White oak Raleigh, North Carolina, US approx. 200
Associated with William Polk, Alexander B. Andrews, and especially Henry Clay

Petrified

Name Species Location Age Notes
Callixylon tree Archaeopteris Ada, Oklahoma, US 250,000,000 Discovered on a farm it was the largest example of a petrified tree when it was discovered in 1913. It is estimated to be about 250,000,000 years old. After a 23-year dispute with the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C., the tree's fragments were displayed on the East Central Oklahoma State University in March 1936.[65]
Ginkgo Petrified Forest Various Washington, US
Petrified Forest Various Sonoma County, California, US On the List of California Historical Landmarks.
Petrified Forest National Park Various Arizona, US
Mississippi Petrified Forest Various Near Flora, Mississippi, US 36 million years old This forest is believed to have been formed 36 million years ago when fir and maple logs washed down an ancient river channel to the current site where they later became petrified.

Other

Central America

Living

Name Species Location Age Notes
El Arbolito (The Little Tree) Managua, Nicaragua 20 A traditional landmark used to give directions in Managua.[66]

South America

Living

Name Species Location Age Notes
Cashew of Pirangi Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) 5°58′43″S 35°07′24″W / 5.978657°S 35.123372°W / -5.978657; -35.123372 (Cashew of Pirangi) Major tourist attraction in Natal, Brazil. Believed to be the biggest cashew in the world.
Cashew of A Praia Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Cajueiro da Praia
Gran Abuelo Fitzroya cupressoides Alerce Costero National Park, Chile c. 3600[67][68] While it has been on the list of oldest trees, this Alerce tree (Fitzroya cupressoides) is now rivalling others to be possibly the oldest tree in the world.[69][70][71]

Historical

Name Species Location Age Notes
Arbol de Guacari Samanea saman Guacarí, Colombia Famous tree engraved in the $500 coin

Petrified

Name Species Location Age Notes
Bosques Petrificados de Jaramillo National Park Various Deseado Department, Argentina 150 million years ago The vegetation in the park is mostly low spiny shrubs adapted for living in arid environments.
Palaeobotanical Garden in Mata Various Mata, Brazil 200,000,000 Fossil natural reserve with an area of 36,000 m2.
Petrified Forest Florentino Ameghino Lauraceae and Fagaceae forest. Between Gaiman and Mártires Department 60 million years old The reserve occupies some 220,000 hectares of which 223 are used for research and only 23 are open to the general public.[72]
Pichasca Natural Monument Various Río Hurtado, Chile 70 million years ago
Puyango Petrified Forest Various Puyango River, Ecuador 60.000.000-500.000.000 The main attraction of the Petrified Forest of Puyango are the petrified trees of the Araucarioxylon genus.
Sarmiento Petrified Forest Primitive conifers and palm trees Sarmiento, Chubut, Argentina 65,000,000 This petrified forest is a provincial natural monument from the Cenozoic era.[73]
Teresina Fossil Forest Various Teresina, Brazil 270.000.000-280.000.000 Petrified forest from the Permian period located on the banks of the Poti River, in the urban area of Teresina (Piauí, Brazil).

Oceania

Living

Name Species Location Age Notes
Lahaina Banyan Tree Banyan (Ficus benghalensis) Lahaina, Hawaii
20°53′10″N 156°40′29″W / 20.886111°N 156.674722°W / 20.886111; -156.674722 (Lahaina Banyan Tree)
151[74] Planted in the 1860s, it covers an entire city block in the waterfront in Lahaina.
Cazneaux Tree River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) Near Wilpena Pound, South Australia
31°31′13″S 138°38′14″E / 31.520344°S 138.637187°E / -31.520344; 138.637187
Made famous by photographer Harold Cazneaux in 1937.
Dave Evans Bicentennial Tree Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) Near Pemberton, Western Australia
34°29′35″S 115°58′22″E / 34.49306°S 115.97278°E / -34.49306; 115.97278 (Dave Evans Bicentennial Tree)
Forest fire lookout tree with accessible platform.
Diamond Tree Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) 10 km from Manjimup, Western Australia Forest fire lookout tree with accessible wooden platform (52 m high).
Dig Tree Cooper Creek, Queensland, Australia
Used as a marker by members of the ill-fated Burke and Wills expedition.
Lone Gum Coolabah (Eucalyptus coolabah) Simpson Desert, South Australia, Australia A solitary coolabah, far from the nearest watercourse, normally grows in heavy clay soils. There is no other tree of its kind in the region and how it came to be there remains a mystery.[75]
Gloucester Tree Karri (Eucalyptus diversicolor) Gloucester National Park Pemberton, Western Australia
Western Australia's most famous karri tree, with accessible aluminium platform, in (61 m high).
Most remote tree in the world Sitka spruce
(Picea sitchensis)
Campbell Island, New Zealand
52°32′24″S 169°8′42″E / 52.54000°S 169.14500°E / -52.54000; 169.14500
~115 Recognised by the Guinness World Records as the "most remote tree in the world".[76]
Old Jarrah Tree Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) Perth, Western Australia
King Jarrah Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) Manjimup, Western Australia Giant jarrah saved by the National Trust upon overhearing two foresters bragging at the pub about a mighty tree they were going to chop down the next morning.[citation needed]
Curtain Fig Tree Strangler fig Near Cairns, Australia. One of the largest trees in North Queensland. The roots dangle 15 metres to the ground to create a curtain-like effect.
Cathedral Fig Tree[77][78] Strangler fig Yungaburra, Tablelands Area, Queensland, Australia 500 "A gigantic 500 year old strangler tree", like the Curtain Fig Tree. Another massive Ficus virens in the Danbulla Forest.
Tāne Mahuta ('Lord of the Forest') Kauri (Agathis australis) Northland Region, New Zealand 1,250–2,500
It is estimated to be between 1,250 and 2,500 years old.
Te Matua Ngahere ('Father of the Forest') Kauri Northland Region, New Zealand.
Bland Oak Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) Sydney, Australia 182[79]
Planted in 1842 by William Bland, it is one of the largest and oldest trees in Sydney. Was the largest in Australia until 1940 when a storm struck parts of it.[79]
Boab Prison Tree, Derby Boab tree (Adansonia gregorii) South of Derby, Western Australia
Was used as a prison for Indigenous Australian prisoners on their way to Derby for sentencing.
Boab Prison Tree, Wyndham Boab (Adansonia gregorii) Wyndham, Western Australia Also used as a prison.
Centurion Eucalyptus regnans Tasmania, Australia
At 99.6 metres, it is the tallest known eucalypt and the tallest known angiosperm in the world, second tallest tree species in the world.
Lathamus Keep Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus) Huon Valley, Tasmania, Australia ~500 At 80 metres, the tallest known Tasmanian blue gum in the world.[80]
The Grandis Flooded gum (Eucalyptus grandis) Near Bulahdelah, New South Wales, Australia >400 At 76.2 metres tall though some sources claim that its past height was 84 metres tall. The Grandis is widely regarded as the tallest tree in New South Wales, and one of the oldest, being over 400 years old.
That Wānaka Tree Crack willow (Salix × fragilis) South of Lake Wānaka, Otago, New Zealand
That Wanaka Tree at Sunrise
Popular destination for tourists to take Instagram photos, also described as "New Zealand's most famous tree"

Historical

Mythological and religious trees

Further information: Trees in mythology, World tree, and Axis mundi

See also

References

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