Before the establishment of a democracy, the Ancient Greek city-state of Argos was ruled by kings. Most of them are probably mythical or only semi-historical. This list is based on that given by Eusebius of Caesarea.

An alternative version supplied by Tatian of the original 17 consecutive kings of Argos includes Apis and Argios between Argos and Triopas.

Inachid Dynasty

Inachos, the supposed son of Oceanos and Tethys, is affirmed to have been the founder of this kingdom. He married his sister Melissa, by whom he had two sons, Phoroneus and Aegialeus: he is supposed to be the father of Io, and therefore the Greeks are sometimes called "Inachoi" after him (see also the names of the Greeks).

Argos named the kingdom after himself.

Danaid Dynasty

Lynceus means "lynx-eyed".

Abantiad Dynasty

Lineage of Anaxagoras

Lineage of Melampus

Lineage of Bias

Pelopid Dynasty

Heraclid Dynasty

After the death of Temenos, the royal prerogative began to decrease. To Cisos succeeded Lacidamos, who had little else than the title of king. His son Meltas, impatient of such restraint, endeavored, when it was too late, to restore it to its ancient dignity; but the people were by that time so powerful that, as soon as they discovered his plan, they ended the royal power, converted the government to a democracy, and condemned Meltas to death.

After Meltas, the kingship survived into historical times but rarely had any political power, one exception being the tyrant king Pheidon.

Non-Heraclid Dynasty

Notes

Further reading

  • Felix J., "Die Attische Königsliste," Klio 3 (1902), 406–439.