Dydime (Greek)
Aerial view of Salina from the southwest
Aerial view of Salina from the southwest
Salina is located in Italy
Location in Italy
Coordinates: 38°33′55″N 14°50′00″E / 38.56528°N 14.83333°E / 38.56528; 14.83333
Country Italy
 • Total26.1 km2 (10.1 sq mi)
968 m (3,176 ft)
 (1 January 2019)
 • Total2,598
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
The Aeolian Islands.
Port of Santa Maria di Salina

Salina (Italian pronunciation: [saˈliːna]) is one of the Aeolian Islands north of Sicily, Southern Italy. It is the second largest island in the archipelago.

Salina is divided between three comuni: Santa Marina on the eastern coast, Malfa to the north, and Leni to the south-west. From Leni down towards the sea is the village of Rinella. Above the village of Leni is Valdichiesa in the center of the island. The other smaller villages are Capo Faro, Pollara and Lingua.

There are currently approximately 2,600 residents living on the island.[1]


Salina has a total surface area of 27 km2 (10 sq mi). It is included on the World Heritage List especially because of its worth for vulcanology. It is composed of six volcanoes: the oldest ones are at Pizzo di Corvo, Monte Rivi and close to Capo Faro, although these are barely recognisable from a morphological point of view, while the volcano-layer of Monte Fossa delle Felci at 968 m (3,176 ft) is the highest peak in the archipelago and Monte dei Porri 886 m (2,907 ft) are both almost perfectly preserved. A lower crater lies just above sea level near the small village of Pollara, on the north west corner of the island, half of which has fallen into the sea.

The most recent eruption on Salina occurred on the western part of the island about 13,000 years ago and formed the semi-circular crater of Pollara; its activity was mainly explosive and produced large pumice deposits.

All that remains of the endogenic activities are some post-volcanic phenomena called “gurgling” and a thermal spring at Pertuso. The gurgling phenomena are at Rinella and are basically caused by the emission of underwater gas (hydrogen sulphate) and vapours. When this phenomenon is at its most active it can lift the sea-bed.


From a distance Salina looks entirely green with two rounded high mountains and a smooth coastline. More than 400 different types of plants grow on the island and grapes, olives and capers are cultivated.

Salina was the first among the Aeolian islands to protect its environment with a natural preserve, known as the Riserva Naturale del Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri.

The mountainsides of the island are covered with ferns, poplars, chestnut trees and typical Mediterranean vegetation including with caper bushes, prickly pear cactus. and a variety of orchards, olive groves and vineyards. The island is particularly notable for Malvasia, a famous white wine that is produced only on Salina. It is golden in colour and has an intense, delicately sweet bouquet. There has also been a local revival of the production of superior-quality low-acid olive oil.

It is claimed that Salina produces the best capers in the world and during the first weekend of June there is an annual caper festival.[2]


A Greek settlement, from the fourth century BC through to the times of Imperial Rome, once lay on the modern-day site of the small town of Santa Marina. A number of tombs from this era have been discovered further inland. Several traces of Greek and Roman culture have been found on the island.

In the Hellenic Age the island was named "Didyme" (Δίδυμη), a Greek name which refers to the two mountains as "twins". The island was inhabited as far back as the Bronze Age and has been developed and then abandoned many times over the subsequent millennia.

Areas on the island, including the two mountain peaks, were designated as a natural reserve in 1981.

Main sights

In the 18th century the ruins of a typical Imperial Roman villa were noted here but have since sunk into the ground.


Salina has two ports, Santa Marina and Rinella, served by ferries and hydrofoils. Hydrofoil service is active from Naples, Palermo, Reggio Calabria, Messina and Milazzo.

There is a regular bus service connecting all the villages on the island. A main road connects Lingua, Santa Marina, Malfa and Pollara; a side road runs between the two volcanoes to Leni and Rinella.


Salina was mentioned by Alexandre Dumas in the memoirs of his journey to the Eolian islands.[4]

The 1994 Michael Radford film Il Postino: The Postman, casting Messinese actress Maria Grazia Cucinotta, was filmed on the island of Procida and on Salina.[5]

Salina is also a setting in the novel sequence Vango [fr], by Timothée de Fombelle.

See also


  1. ^ "Salina | Visit Sicily official page". Visit Sicily. 2015-10-12. Retrieved 2021-10-31.
  2. ^ Johnny Morris (9 March 2009). "Salina, Italy: The great slow food caper". The Daily Telegraph. Food and wine holidays. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  3. ^ Maria Pasquale. "Salina: Italy's secret gourmet island". CNN. Retrieved 2021-10-31.
  4. ^ Le Capitaine Aréna
  5. ^ Fodor's The Amalfi Coast, Capri & Naples. Fodor's Travel Guide. 2014. ISBN 9781908206947.

Other sources