Vibo Valentia
Muntalaùni  (Sicilian)
Hipponion  (Greek)
Comune di Vibo Valentia
Panorama of Vibo Valentia
Panorama of Vibo Valentia
Coat of arms of Vibo Valentia
Location of Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia is located in Italy
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia
Location of Vibo Valentia in Calabria
Vibo Valentia is located in Calabria
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia (Calabria)
Coordinates: 38°40′30″N 16°05′50″E / 38.67500°N 16.09722°E / 38.67500; 16.09722
CountryItaly
RegionCalabria
ProvinceVibo Valentia (VV)
FrazioniBivona, Longobardi, Piscopio, Porto Salvo, San Pietro, Vena Inferiore, Vena Media, Vena Superiore, Triparni, Vibo Marina
Government
 • MayorMaria Limardo
Area
 • Total46.2 km2 (17.8 sq mi)
Elevation
476 m (1,562 ft)
Population
 (31 March 2010)[2]
 • Total33,819
 • Density730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Vibonesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
89900, 89811[citation needed]
Dialing code0963
Patron saintSt. Leoluca
Saint day1 March
WebsiteOfficial website
The castle.
The castle.
The dome Santa Maria Maggiore
The dome Santa Maria Maggiore

Vibo Valentia (Italian: [ˈviːbo vaˈlɛntsja] (listen); Monteleone before 1861; Monteleone di Calabria from 1861 to 1928; Calabrian: Vibbu Valenzia or Muntalaùni) is a city and comune (municipality) in the Calabria region of southern Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital of the province of Vibo Valentia, and is an agricultural, commercial and tourist center (the most famous places nearby are Tropea, Ricadi and Pizzo). There are also several large manufacturing industries, including the tuna district of Maierato. Very important for the local economy is Vibo Marina's harbour.

History

Vibo Valentia was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion (Greek: Ιππόνιον). It was founded, probably around the late 7th century BC, by inhabitants of Locri, a principal city of the Italian Magna Graecia, south of Vibo Valentia on the Ionian Sea. Diodorus Siculus reports that the city was taken in 388 BC by Dionysius the Elder tyrant of Syracuse, who deported all the population. The population came back in 378 BC, with the help of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii, who controlled most of Calabria. After the town fell to Rome, the name was Latinized to Hipponium. The town became a Roman colony in 194 BC with the name of Vibo Valentia. After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire, the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

In 1070 the Normans built a castle at the site of the old Acropolis and in 1235 a new city was established by Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and king of Sicily, with the name of Monteleone. The city got back the old Roman name of Vibo Valentia only in 1928.

Government

See also: List of mayors of Vibo Valentia

Bishopric

A Diocese of Vibo Valentia was established in 451AD and suppressed in 1083AD when it was incorporated into the Diocese of Mileto.[3][4] In 1968 it was restored as a titular see. The title has been assigned to:

Main sights

Twin towns

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ G. A. Loud, The Latin Church in Norman Italy (Cambridge University Press, 20 Dec. 2007)p191.
  4. ^ Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticæ Volume 2(Printed for William Straker, 1834) p371.