Area around Abonotechos
Area around Abonotechos

Abonoteichos (Greek: Ἀβώνου τεῖχος Avónou tíchos, demonym: Αβωνοτειχίτης Avonotichítis), later Ionopolis (Ιωνόπολις Ionópolis; Turkish: İnebolu), was an ancient city in Asia Minor, on the site of modern İnebolu (in Asian Turkey) and remains a Latin Catholic titular see.

History

Abonoteichos was a town on the coast of Paphlagonia, memorable as the birthplace of the infamous fortuneteller Alexander Abonoteichites, founder of the cult of Glycon, of whom Lucian has left us an amusing account in the treatise bearing his name.[1] According to Lucian, Alexander petitioned the Roman emperor (probably Antoninus Pius) that the name of his native place should be changed from Abonoteichos to Ionopolis; and whether the emperor granted the request or not, we know that the town was called Ionopolis in later times.[2]

Not only does this name occur in Marcian of Heraclea[3] and Hierocles,[4] but on coins of the time of Antoninus and Lucius Verus we find the legend Ionopoliton (Ἰωνοπολιτῶν, Ionopoliton), as well as Abonoteichiton (Ἀβωνοτειχιτῶν, Avonotichiton). The modern Turkish name İnebolu is evidently a corruption of Ionopolis.[5][6][7][8]

It was the site of a 2nd-century AD temple of Apollo.[9]

Ecclesiastical history of Ionopolis

It was important enough in the Roman province of Paphlagonia to become a suffragan bishopric of the Metropolitan of its capital Gangra,[10] but faded later. Michel LeQuien[11] mentions eight bishops between 325 and 878 [12] and Ionopolis is mentioned in the later “Notitiae episcopatuum.” [13]

Catholic titular see

The diocese was nominally revived as a Latin Catholic titular bishopric under the name Ionopolis, which was spelled Jonopolis in the Roman Curia (besides Italian Gionopoli) from 1929 to 1971.

It has been vacant for decades, having had the following incumbents, both of the lowest (episcopal) and intermediary (archiepiscopal) ranks :

Notes

  1. ^ Smith, William (1857), "Abonoteichos", in Smith, William (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. 1, London: Walton & Maberly, p. 5
  2. ^ Lucian, Alex § 58
  3. ^ Marcian of Heraclea, Peripl. p. 72
  4. ^ Synecdemus, p. 696
  5. ^ Strabo, p. 545
  6. ^ Arrian, Periplus Ponti Euxini p. 15
  7. ^ Ptol. v. 4 § 2
  8. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Ἀβώνου τείχος
  9. ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Ionopolis" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  10. ^ Louis Vivien de Saint-Martin , Historical and geographical description of Asia Minor, including ancient times, the Middle Ages and modern times (A. Bertrand, 1845) p436
  11. ^ Le Quien, Oriens Christ., I, 555
  12. ^ CUINET, La Turquie d'Asie, IV (Paris, 1894), p466-69.
  13. ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia (1908.
  14. ^ Roderic Mullen, The expansion of Christianity (Brill, 2004) p. 123.
  15. ^ Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, Volume 1 (Liverpool University press, 2005) p88.
  16. ^ Eduard Schwartz, Collectio Novariensis de re Eutychis (Walter de Gruyter, 1 July 1962) p207.
  17. ^ N. bishop of Ionopolis (tenth century) .
  18. ^ Jean-Claude Cheynet, Studies in Byzantine Sigillography, Volume 8 (Walter de Gruyter, 2003)p58.
  19. ^ Niketas bishop of Ionopolis (and chartoularios) of the Great Orphanotropheion (eleventh century).
  20. ^ Elizabeth Jeffreys, John F. Haldon, Robin Cormack, The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies (Oxford University Press, 2008) p154.
  21. ^ John bishop of Ionopolis (eleventh century) .
  22. ^ Dumbarton Oaks, John W. Nesbitt, Eric McGeer, Nicolas Oikonomidès, Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and in the Fogg Museum of Art: The East (Dumbarton Oaks, 2001) p49-50.
  23. ^ Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 5, Page 229
  24. ^ Les Ordinations Épiscopales, Year 1721, Number 6.
  25. ^ Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 6, Page 244, and Page 454.
  26. ^ Les Ordinations Épiscopales, Year 1772, Number 34.
  27. ^ Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 178, Number 14.787
  28. ^ Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 8, Page 323.

References

Coordinates: 41°58′26″N 33°45′58″E / 41.9740255°N 33.7660475°E / 41.9740255; 33.7660475