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An NICTD EMU street-running on Michigan City’s 11th Street; United States, in 2009; the street-running track has been replaced with its own right-of-way as of 2023

A street running train is a train which runs on a track built on public streets. The rails are embedded in the roadway, and the train shares the street with other users, such as pedestrians, cars and cyclists, thus often being referred to as running in mixed traffic or sharing the road with trains. For safety, street running trains travel more slowly than trains on dedicated rights-of-way. Needing to share the right-of-way with motor vehicles can cause delays and pose a safety risk.[1]

Stations on such routes are rare and may appear similar in style to a tram stop, but often lack platforms, pedestrian islands, or other amenities. In some cases, passengers may be required to wait on a distant sidewalk, and then board or disembark by crossing the traffic. The last street-station in the USA was in Michigan City, until 2022.[2]

Argentina

Salto Grande Bridge over the dam

Australia

A passenger train running down the centre of Ellen Street, Port Pirie in 1940

Canada

Notable examples in Canada include:[10]

Croatia

Czechia

Germany

For tramways the legal separation of a street running trackbed and an exclusive trackbed in urban traffic is given in § 16 BOStrab tramway regulations. Germany has some street-running railways:

A "Mollibahn" train running through Bad Doberan, Germany

Hong Kong

Light Rail tracks along Tai Fong Street, Tai Hing Estate, Tuen Mun

The MTR Light Rail running in and between the new towns of Tuen Mun, Yuen Long and Tin Shui Wai has many sections of on-street running, although the majority of the system runs on its own tracks alongside major roads or elevated viaducts, e.g., at the junctions near Tuen Mun Town Centre.[citation needed]

The KCR British Section had two street running stretches: a spur line to Whampoa Dockyard through Baker Street [yue],[16][17][18][19][20] another across Salisbury Road [yue] and Canton Road to the Kowloon Godowns.[citation needed]

Indonesia

Train along Jalan Slamet Riyadi, Solo, Indonesia

Japan

Laos

New Zealand

Street running in Kawakawa

Switzerland

A Berninabahn train crossing the main square in Tirano

Swiss law does not distinguish between trams and railways, making the distinction between street running by trams and that by railways legally indistinct.

United Kingdom

The combined road and rail swing bridge at Preston Marina

Street running railways have been much rarer in the United Kingdom than elsewhere. This is due to 19th-century laws requiring railways to be enclosed by fences, which had the consequence that railways could not be built along existing roads and had to use their own rights of way. In cases where street running was unavoidable, the roads were often legally treated as level crossings with trains and road vehicles not permitted to use them at the same time. Some examples are:

United States

A selection of the many examples:

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (June 2023)

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

California

Colorado

Florida

Georgia

Columbus & Chattahoochee Railroad running on 9th Street in downtown Columbus

Illinois

Indiana

The South Shore Line formerly ran on 10th and 11th streets in Michigan City, Indiana

Iowa

Kentucky

Louisiana

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Missouri

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Tennessee

Texas

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Street running railroad on Denison Street in Rockhampton, Queensland 23°22′35″S 150°30′26″E / 23.376492°S 150.507336°E / -23.376492; 150.507336

References

  1. ^ Studenkov, Igor (2021-05-14). "Goodbye street-running South Shore service in Michigan City, hello double-tracking". Streetsblog Chicago. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  2. ^ "South Shore Street Running Ends This Weekend". 24 February 2022.
  3. ^ https://buenosaireshistoria.org/juntas/ferrocarilles-en-la-ciudad-los-trenes-por-las-calles/.
  4. ^ Last Cane Train at Moreton Sugar Mill Light Railways issue 175 January 2004 page 20
  5. ^ https://www.sunshinecoast.qld.gov.au.Friday 14 May 2021
  6. ^ "Nambour celebrates tram design and Terminus opening". 25 May 2021.
  7. ^ Port Pirie's Famous Streetside Station Closes for Passenger Business Railway Transportation September 1967 page 34
  8. ^ North Coast Line Infrastructure Railway Digest August 1996 page 11
  9. ^ Still standing… Track & Signal November 2012 page 77
  10. ^ Trains Magazine, Vol. 68, Issue 4 (April 2008) (pages 22-31)
  11. ^ Longwell, Karen (August 7, 2014). "Throwback Thursday: Railway through downtown Port Hope". NorthumberlandNews.com.
  12. ^ Graham, David (May 12, 2010). "History haunts Guelph's railways". Guelph Mercury.
  13. ^ Brkljača, Maja (June 7, 2018). "Traffic Collapse Due to Station Refurbishment; All Trains to Go Through City Centre". RTL Group.
  14. ^ 24. 6. 2017 - Brno dopravní nostalgie, archived from the original on 2021-12-19, retrieved 2021-03-19
  15. ^ Walter Kuhl. "Das Industriestammgleis "B"". Industriegleise im Fabrikviertel Darmstadt. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Hung Hom-KCR tracks to dockyard via Baker Street-bottom left -behind the bus | Gwulo".
  17. ^ "KCR Whampoa Railway Siding – the Industrial History of Hong Kong Group".
  18. ^ "Kowloon (HK & Whampoa) Dockyards during the Occupation 1942-45 – the Industrial History of Hong Kong Group".
  19. ^ "KCR-Kowloon-Docks- Rail-Link | Gwulo".
  20. ^ "Plan of HK & Whampoa Dockyard 1949 | Gwulo".
  21. ^ "Hanya di Kota Solo, Kereta Melintas di Jalan Raya; Tahu Kenapa? (Only in Solo City train run along the road. Do you know why?)". Dinas Komunikasi, Informatika, Statistik dan Persandian Kota Surakarta. Retrieved 23 June 2023.
  22. ^ Bayu Ardi Isnanto. "Menyusuri Sejarah Rel Kereta di Sepanjang Jalan Slamet Riyadi Solo (Exploring the History of the Railway along Jalan Slamet Riyadi Solo)". detik.com. Retrieved 23 June 2023.
  23. ^ "How to travel by train, bus & boat to & within Laos - Bangkok-Vientiane by train". www.seat61.com. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  24. ^ "Welcome to the Bay of Islands Vintage Railway". Retrieved 2016-10-15.
  25. ^ Dorn, Lori (11 June 2019). "A One-Lane Bridge in Hindon, New Zealand That Is Shared by Cars and Trains Without Any Traffic Lights". Laughing Squid. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Spektakel in Zürich-West: Und täglich grüsst der Güterzug - NZZ Zürich". www.nzz.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-10-31.
  27. ^ Davies, Merfyn (30 October 2010). "Taith gyntaf teithwyr trên bach o Gaernarfon i Borthmadog". BBC Online (in Welsh). Retrieved 26 May 2011.
  28. ^ "Trainscapes: Street Running Train in Gadsden, Alabama". 23 April 2021.
  29. ^ "Anton Anderson Memorial Tunnel".
  30. ^ "History Complete | Skagway, Alaska".
  31. ^ https://history.amtrak.com/archives/street-running-in-oakland-calif.-2015.[bare URL]
  32. ^ Udell, Erin. "Fort Collins came thiiiiis close to getting rid of its Old Town trains in the 1980s". Fort Collins Coloradoan.
  33. ^ https://trains.com/tm/railroads/hotspots/clearwater-florida/#:~:text=CSX train O701 %2C nicknamed the,on its 25-mph run.
  34. ^ https://agreatbigcity.com/2014/08/06/watch-this-freight-train-drive-straight-through-town.[bare URL]
  35. ^ https://history.rockfordpubliclibrary.org/localhistory/?p=11136.[bare URL]
  36. ^ https://wibw.com/2022/04/01/csx-railroad-will-be-removing-tracks-in-bedford/[bare URL]
  37. ^ "Welcome to La Grange, Kentucky". CITY OF LA GRANGE, KENTUCKY. Retrieved January 16, 2023.
  38. ^ https://jimbaux.com/2012/08/28/nogc-28-aug-2017/.[bare URL]
  39. ^ Kyper, Frank (1977). The railroad that came out at night : a book of railroading in and around Boston. Brattleboro, Vt.: S. Greene Press. pp. 13–40. ISBN 0-8289-0318-2.
  40. ^ * "City of Holyoke's Railroad, Part III". HolyokeMass.com. March 7, 2014. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017.
  41. ^ http://www.tbnewswatch.com, 25 oct.2019," Clock ticks down as Fort Frances........"
  42. ^ STATE OF MINNESOTA IN COURT OF APPEALS C1-99-1722 In the Matter of the Speed Limit for the Union Pacific Railroad through the City of Shakopee, State of Minnesota. Filed May 16, 2000
  43. ^ Erickson, Sandra Alcott. Camp Ripley: 1930-1960. United States: Arcadia Publishing Incorporated, 2007.
  44. ^ "Moving Out: Farewell to the Dundee Spur". December 2020.
  45. ^ "Do You Know About the 'Watch Tower' in Utica?". 29 September 2016.
  46. ^ Burkhardt, D.C. Jesse (2014). Railroads of Hillsboro. Arcadia Publishing. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-4671-3236-7.
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  51. ^ https://akronrrclub.wordpress.com/2011/12 /19/dodging-traffic-in-west-brownsville.
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  53. ^ "Comal Street Railroad Track Relocation, Agreement with Union Pacific Railroad" (PDF). 2004-10-18.
  54. ^ Cumbie, Jim; Schmidt, L.W. (Spring 1990). "San Antonio: The Beer Line [A brief history of the Texas Transportation Company]". The New Electric Railway Journal. pp. 21–22 and 27. ISSN 1048-3845.
  55. ^ Werner, George C. "Texas Transportation Company". The Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved Jan 16, 2023.
  56. ^ "Richmond's Railroad Triple Crossing (Virginia)".
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  58. ^ "There's Nowhere else on Earth with a Downtown Quite Like St. Marys, West Virginia". 5 January 2021.