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2024 European Parliament election in Germany
Germany
← 2019 9 June 2024 2029 →

All 96 German seats to the European Parliament
Party Leader Current seats
CDU/CSU Manfred Weber 29
Greens Terry Reintke 21
SPD Katarina Barley 16
AfD Maximilian Krah 9
Left Martin Schirdewan
Carola Rackete
6
FDP Marie-Agnes Strack-Zimmermann 5
Die PARTEI Martin Sonneborn 1
FW Christine Singer 2
ÖDP Manuela Ripa 1
Familie Helmut Geuking 1
Volt Damian Boeselager
Nela Riehl
1
Pirates Anja Hirschel 1
BD Lars Patrick Berg 1
Independent 3

The 2024 European Parliament election in Germany is scheduled to be held on 9 June 2024.[1] This will be the tenth parliamentary election since the first direct elections in 1979, and the first European Parliament election after Brexit.[2][3]

Background

The 2024 European Parliament election will be the first national election to be held in Germany since the 2021 federal election, in which retiring Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democrats lost to the Social Democratic Party led by Olaf Scholz.[4]

Electoral threshold

Since the 2014 European Parliament election, Germany does not have an overriding threshold of the vote share required in order for a party to win an EP seat. This has allowed a number of smaller parties to gain representation, since they only have to reach about 0.5% of the vote share needed to get their first seat under the Webster/Sainte-Laguë method.

Germany is entitled to elect 96 Members of the European Parliament.[5]

Although the European Council had recommended that countries with more than 35 MEPs should introduce a threshold between 2% and 5%, the German government abandoned its plans for a 2% threshold in November 2018.[6] In 2022, the government decided to introduce a 2% threshold, but this will not yet apply in the 2024 election.[7] In 2019, the de facto threshold for a seat was around 0.7% of the vote.

Outgoing delegation

The table shows the detailed composition of the German seats at the European Parliament as of 12 March 2024.

EP Group Seats Party Seats MEPs
European People's Party
30 / 96
Christian Democratic Union 23
Christian Social Union 6
Family Party 1
Greens–European Free Alliance
25 / 96
Alliance 90/The Greens 21
Ecological Democratic Party 1
Volt 1
Pirate Party 1
Independents 1
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
16 / 96
Social Democratic Party 16
Identity and Democracy
9 / 96
Alternative for Germany 9
Renew Europe
7 / 96
Free Democratic Party 5
Free Voters 2
The Left in the European Parliament – GUE/NGL
5 / 96
The Left 5
European Conservatives and Reformists
1 / 96
Alliance Germany 1
Non-Inscrits
3 / 96
Die PARTEI 1
Independents 2
Total 96
Source: European Parliament

Parties campaigning for election

Political parties and other political associations may submit lists for the European elections. The lists must be submitted by the 83rd day before the election. Nationwide lists must be signed by 4,000 eligible voters, state lists by 1 per thousand, but not more than 2,000 eligible voters of the respective state (section 9 (5) EuWG). Parties that have been represented in the Bundestag, a regional parliament or the European Parliament with at least five members since its last election are exempt from the obligation to submit supporting signatures. These are (sorted by election results 2019):

Party European Party Group 2019 result Top candidate
CDU/CSU EPP EPP 28.9% Manfred Weber
Greens EGP Greens/EFA 20.5% Terry Reintke, Sergey Lagodinsky
SPD PES S&D 15.8% Katarina Barley
AfD ID ID 11.0% Maximilian Krah
Left PEL GUE/NGL 5.5% Martin Schirdewan, Carola Rackete
FDP ALDE Renew 5.4% Marie-Agnes Strack-Zimmermann
FW[a] EDP Renew 2.2% Christine Singer
Alliance Germany[b] ECR Lars Patrick Berg

The following other parties are currently represented in the European Parliament with one MEP each:

Party European Party Group 2019 result Top candidate
PARTEI Non-inscrits 2.4% Martin Sonneborn, Sibylle Berg
ÖDP Greens/EFA 1.0% Manuela Ripa
Family Party ECPM EPP 0.7% Helmut Geuking
Volt Volt Greens/EFA 0.7% Damian Boeselager, Nela Riehl[8]
Pirates PPEU Greens/EFA 0.7% Anja Hirschel[9]

The federal lists of the following other parties and political associations were accepted:[10]

Party European Party/Organization 2019 result Top candidate Note
Human Environment Animal Protection GUE/NGL 1.45% Sebastian Everding[11]
MERA25[12] DiEM25 0.35% Karin De Rigo, Johannes Fehr
The Homeland APF 0.27% Udo Voigt[13] formerly the National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD)
Action Party for Animal Welfare 0.27%
Party for Biomedical Rejuvenation Research 0.19% Felix Werth
Alliance for Innovation and Justice 0.18% Haluk Yildiz
Alliance C – Christians for Germany 0.18% Karin Heepen
Party of Humanists 0.17% Sascha Boelcke[14]
Human World 0.09% Dominik Laur[15]
German Communist Party 0.05% Patrik Köbele[16]
Marxist–Leninist Party of Germany[17] ICOR 0.05% Monika Gärtner-Engel
Socialist Equality Party ICFI 0.01% Christoph Vandreier[18]
Bündnis Sahra Wagenknecht did not exist Fabio De Masi[19]
Climate List Germany did not exist Verena Hofmann[20]
Democratic Alliance for Diversity and Awakening[21] UID did not exist Fatih Zingal
Grassroots Democratic Party of Germany did not exist Ellèn Hölzer[22]
Last Generation did not exist Lina Johnsen[23]
Party of Reason EPIL did not run Dirk Hesse[24]
Party of progress did not exist
V-Partei³ did not run Simon Klopstock[25]

Opinion polling

See also: Opinion polling for the 2024 European Parliament election

Federal level

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
Union
EPP
Grüne
G/EFA
SPD
S&D
AfD
ID
Linke
Left
FDP
Renew
PARTEI
NI
FW
Renew
Tiersch.
Left
ÖDP
G/EFA
FAM
EPP
Volt
G/EFA
PIRAT
G/EFA
BSW
NILeft
Others Lead
Forsa 12–13 Mar 2024 1,008 34 14 16 15 2 3 3 4 9 18
INSA 8–11 Mar 2024 2,100 28.5 11 16 20 4.5 6 1 2.5 2 5.5 3 8.5
Ipsos 23 Feb–5 Mar 2024 2,613 29 16 17 16 4 4 3 7 4[c] 12
Wahlkreisprognose 24–29 Feb 2024 1,900 31.5 16 12 16 2 3 1.5 3.5 2.5 7.5 4.5 15.5
Stack Data Strategy 17–22 Feb 2024 980 25.5 9.8 16.5 15.1 2.7 6.0 3.2 4.1 3.1 1.3 1.2 9.3 3.4 9.0
INSA 8–12 Feb 2024 2,101 27 10.5 16 22 4.5 3 5.5 11.5 5
Portland 24–31 Jan 2024 555 29 13 16 17 3 5 1 3 3 0 0 1 1 6 2 12
Wahlkreisprognose 11–18 Jan 2024 1,440 28 13 9 23 3 4.5 1.5 5 1.5 7 4.5 5
Wahlkreisprognose 1–7 Dec 2023 1,440 31 12 10 25 3 3 1.5 2.5 2 7 3 6
INSA 31 Jul 2023 1,001 26 15 19 23 5 7 6 3
Wahlkreisprognose 7–14 Jul 2023 1,040 23 13.5 15 22 2.5 3.5 2 3 1.5 8.5 5.5 1
Wahlkreisprognose 15–16 Dec 2022 1,100 22 21 21 18.5 3.5 3.5 2 3.5 2.5 2.5 1
Wahlkreisprognose 24–26 Feb 2022 1,722 22 19.5 22.5 12.5 3 7.5 2.5 3 2 5.5 0.5
2021 federal election 26 Sep 2021 24.1 14.7 25.7 10.4 4.9 11.4 1.0 2.4 1.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 2.9 1.6
2019 European election 26 May 2019 28.9 20.5 15.8 11.0 5.5 5.4 2.4 2.2 1.4 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 3.8 8.4

Regional polls

Bavaria

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
CSU
EPP
Grüne
G/EFA
SPD
S&D
AfD
ID
FW
Renew
FDP
Renew
Linke
Left
BSW
NILeft
Others Lead
GMS 31 Jan5 Feb 2024 1,018 43 11 8 16 10 2 1 4 5 27
Infratest dimap 11–15 Jan 2024 1,161 43 13 8 13 9 3 9 30
GMS 27 Dec2 Jan 2024 1,002 42 13 7 17 10 3 1 7 25
2023 state election 8 Oct 2023 37.0 14.4 8.4 14.6 15.8 3.0 1.5 5.3 21.2
2021 federal election 26 Sep 2021 31.7 14.1 18.0 9.0 7.5 10.5 2.8 6.4 13.7
2019 European election 26 May 2019 40.7 19.1 9.3 8.5 5.3 3.4 2.4 11.3 21.6

East Germany

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
CDU
EPP
AfD
ID
Linke
Left
SPD
S&D
Grüne
G/EFA
FDP
Renew
BSW
NILeft
Others Lead
INSA[d] 8–12 Feb 2024 17 32 7 12 9 2 9 12 15
2021 federal election 26 Sep 2021 16.8 20.5 10.4 24.1 9.2 9.5 9.5 3.6
2019 European election 26 May 2019 21.5 21.1 13.4 12.2 11.6 4.4 15.8 0.4

West Germany

Polling firm Fieldwork date Sample
size
Union
EPP
Grüne
G/EFA
SPD
S&D
AfD
ID
FDP
Renew
Linke
Left
BSW
NILeft
Others Lead
INSA 8–12 Feb 2024 29 11 17 20 3 4 5 11 9
2021 federal election 26 Sep 2021 25.6 15.9 26.1 8.2 11.9 3.7 8.6 0.5
2019 European election 26 May 2019 30.5 22.5 16.6 8.6 5.6 3.8 11.8 8.0

Notes

  1. ^ The Free Voters are in the regional parliament of Bavaria and Rhineland-Palatinate
  2. ^ Alliance Germany is represented in Bremen's parliament through its merger with Citizens in Rage
  3. ^ Die Partei has 2 seats, Tierschutz has one seat.
  4. ^ Including Berlin

References

  1. ^ "Wahltermin Europawahl 2024 - Die Bundeswahlleiterin". www.bundeswahlleiterin.de. Retrieved 18 August 2023.
  2. ^ "EUR-Lex - 12007L/TXT - EN - EUR-Lex". eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Elections". European Parliament. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  4. ^ "After a tight election, Olaf Scholz's Social Democrats come out just in front". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 8 August 2023.
  5. ^ "How are members of the European Parliament elected? | News | European Parliament". European Parliament. Retrieved 8 August 2023.
  6. ^ Christian Kerl. "Europawahl 2019: Große Koalition begräbt Pläne für Sperrklausel". Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. ^ Milzner, Jakob (24 May 2023). "Europawahl: Prozenthürde geplant – deutschen Kleinparteien droht das Aus". www.rnd.de (in German). Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  8. ^ "Ratsherr Kai Tegethoff auf Platz 3 der Volt-Liste zur Europawahl". regionalHeute.de (in German). 22 September 2023. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  9. ^ "Aufbruch! Piratenpartei stellt Liste zur Europawahl 2024 auf". Piratenpartei Deutschland (in German). 26 June 2023. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  10. ^ "Europawahl 2024: Der Bundeswahlausschuss lässt 35 Parteien und sonstige politische Vereinigungen zu - Die Bundeswahlleiterin". www.bundeswahlleiterin.de. Retrieved 30 March 2024.
  11. ^ Everding, Sebastian (30 July 2023). "Aus NRW für das Europäische Parlament". PARTEI MENSCH UMWELT TIERSCHUTZ (in German). Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  12. ^ MERA25 und DiEM25 in Deutschland (1 December 2023). "MERA25 Deutschland stellt Kandidat:innen für die Europawahl 2024". DiEM25 (in German). Retrieved 9 January 2024.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ "Udo Voigt". Die Heimat. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  14. ^ Anonym (25 April 2023). "Pressemitteilung – Die Humanisten auf dem Weg nach Europa". Partei der Humanisten (in German). Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  15. ^ Redaktion (2 April 2023). "Die MENSCHLICHE WELT wählte heute ihre Europawahl 2024 Kandidaten". TAGESLICHT (in German). Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  16. ^ Melina Deymann (10 November 2023). "Jung, migrantisch, kommunistisch". Unsere Zeit. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  17. ^ "Internationalistische Liste/MLPD kandidiert zur Europawahl" (in German). Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  18. ^ https://www.wsws.org/asset/f89d74cf-9002-481d-92cf-f44f99cf5be7/03f3fe3b4f26191d921098c7fef8df178d603edb.pdf
  19. ^ Marcel Fürstenau (7 January 2024). "Sahra Wagenknecht: Neue Partei mit altbekannten Gesichtern". dw.com. Retrieved 18 February 2024.
  20. ^ Mitja Stachowiak. "Klimaliste hat zur EU-Wahl aufgestellt". Klimaliste Deutschland (in German). Klimaliste Deutschland. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  21. ^ zeit.de, abgerufen am 28. Januar 2024.
  22. ^ "EU-Wahl: dieBasis hat ihre Kandidaten für das Europäische Parlament gewählt". diebasis-partei.de. 14 November 2023. Retrieved 2 January 2024.
  23. ^ "Stimmzettel statt Sekundenkleber: Letzte Generation nimmt erste Hürden für Kandidatur bei Europawahl", Der Tagesspiegel Online, ISSN 1865-2263, retrieved 23 February 2024
  24. ^ "Europawahl 2024 – Unterstützen Sie die Partei der Vernunft" (in German). Retrieved 2 October 2023.
  25. ^ "Unsere Kandidaten für Europa!". V-Partei³ (in German). 12 October 2023. Retrieved 25 October 2023.