Chicken Maryland
Chicken Maryland with bacon, corn, banana, chick peas, cannelloni beans, fresh mint, wine and cream.
CourseMain course
Region or stateMaryland
Main ingredientsFried chicken, cream gravy

Chicken Maryland or Maryland chicken is a historic dish associated with the U.S. state of Maryland, but has other meanings from other nations. In its home base, the food dish consists of fried chicken served with a cream gravy.[1] It is traditionally garnished with bananas, which were historically one of Baltimore's leading imports.[2]

History and preparation

Many Maryland families have their own heirloom recipes for this dish, and it remains a regional specialty in Eastern Shore restaurants. The primary factor that distinguishes Maryland fried chicken is pan-fried in a heavy (traditionally cast-iron) skillet and covered tightly after the initial browning so that the chicken steams as well as fries.[3] Milk or cream is then added to the pan juices to create a white cream gravy, another Maryland characteristic.[4]

Escoffier had a recipe for Poulet sauté Maryland in his landmark cookbook Ma Cuisine.[5]

Australia

In Australia the term "Chicken Maryland" simply refers to a butcher's cut for a whole leg consisting of the thigh and drumstick.[6]

United Kingdom

In some Chinese restaurants in the United Kingdom (particularly in Scotland) Chicken Maryland can be found under the "European" or "British" section of the menu. It consists of a breaded, deep fried chicken breast served with a slice of bacon, a banana or pineapple fritter (or both) and chips.[7][8][9]

South America

In Argentina and in some neighboring South American countries, Suprema de Pollo Maryland is a pounded thin breast of chicken, breaded and fried, served with creamed corn, peas, bacon (pancetta), French fries and a fried banana.[10][11]

See also

References

  1. ^ John Shields (1998) Chesapeake Bay Cooking, Crown Publishing Group, ISBN 0767900286.
  2. ^ "Chicken Maryland Recipe". VisitMaryland.org.
  3. ^ Carman, Tim (February 23, 2010). "The Mystery of Maryland Fried Chicken". Washington City Paper.
  4. ^ Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker (1975) The Joy of Cooking. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., Indianapolis, p. 424, ISBN 0026045702.
  5. ^ Escoffier, Auguste (1978). Ma Cuisine. Translated by Vyvyan Holland. New York: A & W Publishers Inc. p. 430. ISBN 0-89479-012-9.
  6. ^ Chicken Cuts. steggles.com.au
  7. ^ "Golden Star (Chinese Take Away)". facebook.com. Retrieved 13 April 2023. banana and pineapple in batter,Sausage, Ham and 2 pieces chicken breast in breadcrumbs. Half tomatoe [sic] and a bag of chips comes with it
  8. ^ Liaw, Adam. "Meet Frank Shek: A master of Chinese-Western cuisine". www.sbs.com.au. Retrieved 13 April 2023.
  9. ^ Robertson, Darcy. "Chicken Maryland Recipe". Retrieved 13 April 2023.
  10. ^ "Supremas de pollo a la Maryland". Clarín (Argentine newspaper) (in Spanish). 2005-08-18. Archived from the original on 2015-05-02. Retrieved 2014-05-15.
  11. ^ "El origen de la milanesa". ABC Color (in Spanish). 2013-04-13. Archived from the original on 2014-05-17.