Chicken Maryland
Chicken Maryland (4230562563).jpg
Chicken Maryland with bacon, corn, banana, chick peas, cannelloni beans, fresh mint, wine and cream.
CourseMain course
Region or stateMaryland
Main ingredientsFried chicken, cream gravy

The term "Chicken Maryland" or "Maryland Chicken" refers to a historic dish associated with the U.S. state of Maryland, but has other meanings from other nations. In its home base, the food dish consists of fried chicken served with a cream gravy.[1] It is traditionally garnished with bananas, which were historically one of Baltimore's leading imports.[2]

History and preparation

Many Maryland families have their own heirloom recipes for this dish, and it remains a regional specialty in Eastern Shore restaurants. The primary factor that distinguishes Maryland fried chicken from other Southern fried chicken is that rather than cooking the chicken in several inches of oil or shortening, the chicken is pan-fried in a heavy (traditionally cast-iron) skillet and covered tightly after the initial browning so that the chicken steams as well as fries.[3] Milk or cream is then added to the pan juices to create a white cream gravy, another Maryland characteristic.[4]

Escoffier had a recipe for "Chicken à la Maryland" in his landmark cookbook Ma Cuisine.[citation needed][failed verification]

Australia

In Australia the term "Chicken Maryland" simply refers to a butcher's cut for a whole leg consisting of the thigh and drumstick.[5]

United Kingdom

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In some Chinese restaurants in the United Kingdom (particularly in Scotland) Chicken Maryland can be found under the "European" or "British" section of the menu. It consists of a breaded, deep fried chicken breast served with a slice of bacon, a banana or pineapple fritter (or both) and chips.

Elsewhere

Other reported versions[by whom?] include a fried chicken leg with ham and hush puppies (a fritter made with cornmeal); batter-fried chicken with hush puppies and batter-fried bananas and pineapple rings; and bread-crumbed and fried chicken wings & drumsticks with sautéed bananas.[citation needed][original research?]

Apparently some Southeast Asian variations exist, such as one with breaded chicken thighs, hush puppies, and gravy, served with deep-fried potato slices, baby carrots, fried tomato halves, and fried bananas.[citation needed][original research?]

In Argentina and in some neighboring South American countries, Suprema de Pollo Maryland is a pounded thin breast of chicken, breaded and fried, served with creamed corn, peas, bacon (pancetta), French fries and a fried banana.[6][7]

In China, Maryland Chicken is often served covered with mashed potatoes and a sweet corn gravy.[8][failed verification][9][failed verification]

The final first-class lunch menu on RMS Titanic included a dish called "Chicken à la Maryland".[10]

In F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel, Tender is the Night, Nicole Diver looks for a recipe for Chicken Maryland while lying on the beach.[citation needed]

In the film Christmas in Connecticut, one of the survivors of a sinking gets Chicken Maryland as one of his meals in a hospital.[citation needed]

In the 1929 pre-code film, Sally, a restaurant patron orders Chicken a la Maryland.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ John Shields (1998) Chesapeake Bay Cooking, Crown Publishing Group, ISBN 0767900286.
  2. ^ "Chicken Maryland Recipe". VisitMaryland.org.
  3. ^ Carman, Tim (February 23, 2010). "The Mystery of Maryland Fried Chicken". Washington City Paper.
  4. ^ Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker (1975) The Joy of Cooking. Bobbs-Merrill Co., Inc., Indianapolis, p. 424, ISBN 0026045702.
  5. ^ Chicken Cuts. steggles.com.au
  6. ^ "Supremas de pollo a la Maryland". Clarín (Argentine newspaper) (in Spanish). 2005-08-18. Archived from the original on 2015-05-02. Retrieved 2014-05-15.
  7. ^ "El origen de la milanesa". ABC Color (in Spanish). 2013-04-13. Archived from the original on 2014-05-17.
  8. ^ "Boathouse Shekou and Maryland Chicken". www.shenzhenparty.com. Shenzhen party. Retrieved 10 November 2016.[failed verification]
  9. ^ "Chicken Maryland - Recipe of Chinese version". www.foodnetwork.co.uk. Food Network. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  10. ^ Titanic Details | Icebergs Archived 2013-06-20 at the Wayback Machine. WebTitanic. Retrieved on 2013-04-08.