Fiscal Information and Investigation Service
Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst
Common nameFIOD
Agency overview
Formed1945 [1]
Preceding agency
  • FIOD (from 1945)
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
Operations jurisdictionNetherlands
Population17 million
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
Operational structure
Overviewed by MinistryMinistry of Finance (Netherlands)
HeadquartersUtrecht, Netherlands
Parent agencyTax and Customs Administration
  • Observation Teams
  • Technical Investigation Team
  • Digital Investigations
  • Strategic Investigations
  • International Investigations
  • Piracy Investigation Team (TOP)
  • Rekeningenproject [2]

The Fiscal Information and Investigation Service (Dutch: Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst (FIOD)) is an agency of the government of the Netherlands responsible for investigating financial crimes. It is part of the Tax and Customs Administration, which itself falls under the responsibility of the Dutch Ministry of Finance.


The FIOD-ECD was formed when the FIOD and the ECD (Dutch: Economische Controledienst) were merged in 1999. In 2010, the name was changed to FIOD.[1]


The FIOD's main roles are in investigation and governance. Investigations are mainly carried out into economic, fiscal and financial fraud. Governance is carried out in economic and financial areas.[1]

Any one of the five main Dutch ministries (Economics, Finance, Foreign Affairs, Justice, and Health, Welfare and Sports) can order the FIOD to act on information of suspected fraud. They are also the investigational unit for several financial watchdogs.


One of the investigative teams is the Team Opsporing Piraterij (Piracy Investigations Team) which specifically investigates breaches of the Copyright Act of 1912.

It has cooperated with BREIN to investigate p2p sites hosted in the Netherlands.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b c Financiën, Ministerie van (2007-06-07). "Ministerie van Financiën". Archived from the original on 2008-02-13.
  2. ^ Financiën, Ministerie van (2010-02-18). "Ministerie van Financiën".
  3. ^ The never ending story of BREIN versus the common (file sharing) people, Part 2. | ShareConnector blog
  4. ^ Financiën, Ministerie van (2010-02-18). "Ministerie van Financiën".