Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center
Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan
LOGO PPATK.png
Agency overview
Formed2002 (2002)
JurisdictionGovernment of Indonesia
HeadquartersJalan Ir. Haji Juanda No.35, Kb. Klp., Gambir, Central Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia
Websitewww.ppatk.go.id

The Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Center or INTRAC (Indonesian: Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan) or PPATK is a government agency of Indonesia, responsible on financial intelligence. The agency is formed in 2002 to counter suspected money laundering and provide information on terrorist financing.[1]

History

In 1997, Indonesia officially signed and ratified United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988. As one of signatory countries, Indonesia obliged to consider money laundering as criminal act and required to have measure to identify, trace, or confiscate money in relation to illicit traffic in narcotics drugs. At the same year, Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering is also founded, which Indonesia officially joined in 2000.[1]

The second Financial Action Task Force (FATF) report published in June 2001 and including a supplemental report in September, denoted Indonesia as one of non-cooperative countries. As response, Bank Indonesia issued Bank Indonesia Regulation No. 3/10/PBI/2001 on Know your customer principle, which requires financial institution to identify its customer and its transactional profile, and trace money source. And refer to this regulation, financial transaction reports and analysis is officially conducted by special investigation unit of Bank Indonesia.[1]

On the next year, Law No. 15 year 2002 regarding money laundering issued to further strengthen effort on combatting money laundering and PPATK was officially formed.[2] Since 2010, PPATK is regulated by Law No. 8 year 2010.[3] PPATK's mandate was expanded in 2013 to provide information regarding terrorist financing by Law No. 9 year 2013.[4][5]

Task and function

Task and Function of PPATK are as follows:[1]

  1. Prevention of money laundering
  2. Data and information management
  3. Supervision of the compliance of the reporting parties
  4. Analyze or investigation of financial transactions that there are reasonable grounds to suspect are related to the commission of a money laundering offence or other crimes

PPATK is authorized to:[1]

  1. Obtain data and information from government agencies and/or private institution which authorized to manage data and information
  2. Define guidance to identify suspicious transaction
  3. Coordinate with related party to prevent money laundering
  4. Recommend the government to prevent money laundering
  5. Represent the government in international organization or forum related to financial intelligence
  6. Provide training and education in money laundering prevention

Structure

Organization structure

Based of Presidential Decree No. 10/2022 and Head of PPATK Regulation No. 5/2022, PPATK consisted of:

  1. Leadership Elements
    1. Office of the Head of PPATK
    2. Office of the Vice Head of PPATK
  2. Main Secretariat
    1. General Affairs Bureau
      1. Division of Household Affairs and Equipment
        1. Sub-division of Procurement Service
      2. Division of Leadership Administration
        1. Sub-division of Leadership Protocol and Security
        2. Sub-division of Leadership Administration
    2. Planning and Finance Bureau
      1. Division of Accountancy Verification and Performance Accountability
    3. Human Resources, Organization, and Administration Bureau
      1. Division of Organization, Administration, and Risks Management
      2. Division of Human Resource Development
  3. Deputy I (Strategy and Partnership)
    1. Directorate of Domestic Strategy and Partnership
    2. Directorate of Foreign Strategy and Partnership
    3. Directorate of Law and Regulations
    4. Administration Section
  4. Deputy II (Reporting and Compliance Monitoring)
    1. Directorate of Financial Service Compliance Monitoring
    2. Directorate of Goods and/or Other Services and Profession Compliance Monitoring
    3. Directorate of Reporting
    4. Administration Section
  5. Deputy III (Analysis and Investigation)
    1. Directorate of Analysis and Investigation I (Proactive Analysis and Investigation Related to Corruption, Fiscal Affairs, and Worthiness of State Officials or Other State Strategic Positions Posting)
    2. Directorate of Analysis and Investigation II (Proactive Analysis and Investigation of Money Laundry Related to Financial Crimes, Narcotics, Environmental Crimes, other Crimes, and Terrorism)
    3. Directorate of Analysis and Investigation III (Reactive Analysis and Investigation of Money Laundry Activities, Money Laundry related to Predicated Crimes, and Terrorism)
    4. Administration Section
  6. General Inspectorate
  7. Centers
    1. Center of Information and Technology
    2. Center of Education and Training for Anti Money Laundering and Terrorism Funding Prevention/Indonesian Financial Intelligence Institute
    3. Center of Partnership Strengthening for Anti Money Laundering and Terrorism Funding Prevention

Training

PPATK possessed a specialized school to train PPATK future operatives, law enforcements, academicians, and experts which interested to anti money laundering and financial intelligence. The school called Center of Education and Training for Anti Money Laundering and Terrorism Funding Prevention (Indonesian: Pusat Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Anti Pencucian Uang dan Pencegahan Pendanaan Terorisme, Pusdiklat APU-PPT) or colloquially called as Indonesian Financial Intelligence Institute (Indonesian: Institut Intelijen Keuangan Indonesia, but the official abbreviation is IFII instead of IIKI). The school was founded by Kiagus Ahmad Badaruddin (Head of PPATK) in 2017 and inaugurated by Wiranto on behalf of Joko Widodo on 30 November 2017. Unlike the intelligence schools in Indonesia like PoltekSSN (National Cyber and Crypto Agency) or STIN (State Intelligence Agency), IFII does not issue degree.[6][7]

IFII is the only education institution focusing financial intelligence in Indonesia and also the whole of Southeast Asia.[8] IFII also housing institution of Center for Money Laundering and Predicated Crime Studies (Indonesian: Pusat Kajian Pencucian Uang dan Tindak Pidana Asal), a research institution dedicated for researching policies and strategies formulation and means to combat money laundering and predicated crimes.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Profile". ppatk.go.id. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 15 tahun 2002 tentang Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang". Law No. 15 of 2002 (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  3. ^ "Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 15 tahun 2002 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang". Law No. 8 of 2010 (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  4. ^ "Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 9 tahun 2013 tentang Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Pendanaan Terorisme". Article 13, Law No. 9 of 2013 (in Indonesian). People's Representative Council.
  5. ^ Ahmad Ifham Sholihin (2010). Buku pintar ekonomi syariah. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 9-79225-707-1.
  6. ^ "Institut Intelijen Keuangan Indonesia Diresmikan Maret". Republika Online (in Indonesian). 9 January 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Wiranto Resmikan Gedung Institut Intelijen Keuangan Indonesia di Depok". kumparan (in Indonesian). Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  8. ^ a b Hubungan Masyarakat Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan (PPATK) (9 January 2017). "Segera, PPATK Dirikan Institut Intelijen Keuangan Indonesia". www.ppatk.go.id. Retrieved 17 March 2022.