Georgian Intelligence Service
საქართველოს დაზვერვის სამსახური
Georgian Intelligence Service COA.PNG
Seal of the Georgian Intelligence Service
Sakartvelos drosha - varskvlavi.svg
Flag of the Georgian Intelligence Service
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 19, 1997; 24 years ago (1997-09-19)
Headquarters51/53 Unknown Heroes' St., Tbilisi, Georgia
Agency executive
Websitewww.gis.gov.ge

The Georgian Intelligence Service (GIS) (Georgian: საქართველოს დაზვერვის სამსახური, sakartvelos dazvervis samsakhuri) is a national intelligence agency of Georgia, with its headquarters in Tbilisi. The current head of the service is Shalva Lomidze, appointed in 2020.

The GIS is directly subordinated to the Prime Minister of Georgia. It is responsible for providing national security intelligence assessment and conducting counter-intelligence duties abroad.[1]

History

After the declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Georgia established its own intelligence agency, the Service for Information and Intelligence (საინფორმაციო–სადაზვერვო სამსახური), on the basis of the Soviet-era Committee for State Security. The Georgian KGB was notable in that it was considered to be the one of the most effective of the KGB's regional Soviet branches, under the command of Aleksi Inauri and Givi Gumbaridze for most of its existence.[2][3] From 1993 to 1997, the SII functioned as the Chief Directorate for Foreign Intelligence (საგარეო დაზვერვის მთავარი სამმართველო) under the Ministry for State Security. On September 19, 1997, the agency was transformed into an independent State Intelligence Department (დაზვერვის სახელმწიფო დეპარტამენტი), with two regional divisions for Adjara and Abkhazia. Being briefly under the Ministry for State Security from 2004 to 2005, the agency was again made independent as the Foreign Intelligence Special Service (საგარეო დაზვერვის სპეციალური სამსახური) on January 24, 2005. The current name—Georgian Intelligence Service—was adopted in compliance with the new intelligence legislation passed in the Parliament of Georgia on April 27, 2010.[1]

Structure

The GIS consists of five principal subdivisions. These are:

Heads of Georgian intelligence agency (1997–present)

References

  1. ^ a b Our mission. Georgian Intelligence Service. Retrieved on April 24, 2011
  2. ^ Cherkashin, Victor & Feifer, Gregory (2005), Spy Handler: Memoir of a KGB Officer, p. 125. Basic Books, ISBN 0-465-00968-9.
  3. ^ "КГБ Грузинской ССР". shieldandsword.mozohin.ru. Retrieved 2019-06-02.
  4. ^ Structure. Georgian Intelligence Service. Retrieved on April 24, 2011
  5. ^ Head of Service. Georgian Intelligence Service. Retrieved on April 24, 2011