General Intelligence Agency of Mongolia
Тагнуулын ерөнхий газар

The Ulaanbaatar headquarters of the GIA
Agency overview
Preceding agency
  • Internal Security Agency
JurisdictionGovernment of Mongolia
Agency executive
  • Peljee Odonbaatar, GIA Director
WebsiteGeneral Intelligence Agency

The General Intelligence Agency of Mongolia (GIA; Mongolian language: Тагнуулын ерөнхий газар) is the intelligence agency of the Mongolian government, under the direct control of the Prime Minister of Mongolia. Its headquarters is in the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. The GIA employs several hundreds of people and acts as an early warning system to alert the Mongolian government of national security threats. It collects and evaluates information on a variety of areas such as international terrorism, organized crime, weapons and drug trafficking, money laundering, illegal migration and information warfare.

Naming lineage


GIA began as the Internal Security Directorate (дотоодыг хамгаалах газар), which was established in 1922 under the leadership of director Dashin Baldandorzh. In 1936, it was reorganized as the National Security Directorate and in 1959, the renamed to the Ministry of Public Security of the Mongolian People's Republic. The Ministry of Public Security of the MPR was a catalyst for the republic's paramilitary forces, which totaled around 30,000 men by 1955.[1] The GIA was founded from the MPS after the abolition of the socialist state in 1992.

List of directors

The activities of intelligence agencies are regulated by the following laws of Mongolia.

  1. About intelligence agencies
  2. About the work to be done
  3. About national security
  4. Criminal Law
  5. Criminal procedure
  6. About fighting terrorism
  7. Combating Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing
  8. About state secrets
  9. On approval of the list of state secrets
  10. On the legal status of government agencies
  11. About special state protection
  12. About civil service
  13. About state inspection
  14. Controlling the circulation of explosives and explosives
  15. General Administrative Law
  16. On administrative proceedings
  17. About the armed forces
  18. About pensions and allowances of military personnel
  19. About the legal status of foreign citizens
  20. About firearms
  21. Protection of witnesses and victims
  22. About crime prevention
  23. About nuclear energy
  24. About the Prosecutor's Office
  25. About emergency
  26. Controlling the circulation of narcotic drugs and psychoactive substances
  27. Defense of Mongolia
  28. About the archive
  29. Against corruption
  30. About the border crossing
  31. About toxic and dangerous chemicals
  32. Regulation of public and private interests in public service and prevention of conflict of interest
  33. On solving petitions and complaints submitted by citizens to government organizations and officials


  1. ^ Akiner, Shirin (1991). Mongolia Today. Kegan Paul International. ISBN 9780710303455.
  2. ^ Распоряжением Премьер-министра соседней с Читинской областью Монголии Б. Билэгт освобожден от должности начальника Главного разведывательного управления
  3. ^ Россия передаёт нам архивные материалы[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Хошууч генерал Б.Хурцыг хурцалсан 24 баримт". 26 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Biography of the Director P.Odonbaatar". Retrieved 2021-06-24.