Notation ${\rm {IMG))_{p}(\alpha ,\beta ,{\boldsymbol {\Psi )))$ $\alpha >(p-1)/2$ shape parameter $\beta >0$ scale parameter ${\boldsymbol {\Psi ))$ scale (positive-definite real $p\times p$ matrix) $\mathbf {X}$ positive-definite real $p\times p$ matrix ${\frac {|{\boldsymbol {\Psi ))|^{\alpha )){\beta ^{p\alpha }\Gamma _{p}(\alpha )))|\mathbf {X} |^{-\alpha -(p+1)/2}\exp \left(-{\frac {1}{\beta )){\rm {tr))\left({\boldsymbol {\Psi ))\mathbf {X} ^{-1}\right)\right)$ $\Gamma _{p)$ is the multivariate gamma function.

In statistics, the inverse matrix gamma distribution is a generalization of the inverse gamma distribution to positive-definite matrices. It is a more general version of the inverse Wishart distribution, and is used similarly, e.g. as the conjugate prior of the covariance matrix of a multivariate normal distribution or matrix normal distribution. The compound distribution resulting from compounding a matrix normal with an inverse matrix gamma prior over the covariance matrix is a generalized matrix t-distribution.[citation needed]

This reduces to the inverse Wishart distribution with $\nu$ degrees of freedom when $\beta =2,\alpha ={\frac {\nu }{2))$ .