KKOB
Newsradio KKOB Logo.png
Broadcast areaAlbuquerque metropolitan area
Frequency770 kHz
Branding96.3 Newsradio KKOB
Programming
FormatNews/Talk
NetworkABC News Radio
Affiliations
Ownership
Owner
KDRF, KKOB-FM, KOBQ, KMGA, KNML, KRST, KTBL
History
First air date
April 5, 1922 (as KOB, in State College (Las Cruces), moved to Albuquerque in 1932)
Former call signs
KOB (1922–1986)
Call sign meaning
Extra K to original, randomly assigned, call sign of KOB
Technical information
Facility ID11251
ClassB
D (experimental synchronous operation in Santa Fe)
Power50,000 watts
230 watts (experimental synchronous operation in Santa Fe)
Transmitter coordinates
35°12′9″N 106°36′41″W / 35.20250°N 106.61139°W / 35.20250; -106.61139
35°40′56″N 105°58′21″W / 35.68222°N 105.97250°W / 35.68222; -105.97250 (experimental synchronous operation in Santa Fe)
Repeater(s)96.3 KKOB-FM
Links
WebcastListen live
Websitewww.newsradiokkob.com

KKOB (770 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station, licensed to Albuquerque, New Mexico and owned by Cumulus Media. Its news/talk format is branded as "96.3 Newsradio KKOB", reflecting a simulcast with co-owned KKOB-FM (96.3 FM. Studios and offices are located in Downtown Albuquerque. KKOB is the oldest station in New Mexico, and is the state's primary entry point for the Emergency Alert System.

KKOB's transmitter site is off Second Street NW in North Valley. It is a Class B facility, operating around the clock with 50,000 watts, the maximum allowed in the United States by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). During the daytime, it uses a non-directional signal that reaches most of New Mexico's populated areas, as well as parts of Colorado and Arizona.[1] At night, it uses a directional antenna,[2] primarily to limit its signal to the east in the direction of WABC in New York City, the primary Class A station on 770 AM. With a good radio KKOB can be heard at night across much of the western half of North America. To compensate for KKOB's loss of signal at night in Santa Fe, since 1986, it has been simulcast on 770 kHz by a 230 watt experimental synchronous transmitter located in that city.[3]

Programming

KKOB-AM-FM provide local news and weather updates around the clock, traffic "on the 7's" and national news updates from ABC News Radio. Its weekday schedule features mostly local talk shows in the daytime including Bob Clark in morning drive time, Brandon Vogt middays, TJ Trout afternoons and Eric Strauss in the evening. The rest of the schedule is nationally syndicated talk radio hosts Dan Bongino, Mark Levin, Red Eye Radio and America in The Morning.

Weekends includes shows on money, health, home repair, gardening and technology, some of which are paid brokered programming. Syndicated shows on weekends include Jim Bohannon, Chris Plante, Ric Edelman and Bill Cunningham.

Sports

KKOB broadcasts University of New Mexico Lobos basketball and football games. Some other Lobo sports can also be heard on co-owned sports radio station KNML.

History

Early years

KOB was first licensed as a broadcasting station in April 1922. However, the person most responsible for its founding, Ralph Willis Goddard, by this time already had extensive experience with radio. Goddard was the dean of the Engineering School at New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (now New Mexico State University) in State College, near Las Cruces. Goddard headed the school's Radio Club, and in the spring of 1920, arranged for the university to be issued a license for an experimental radio station, which was issued the call sign 5XD.[4] In addition to experimental work, this station was used for such things as reporting sport scores.[5] Eventually the station expanded from its initial Morse code transmissions to include audio programs, including entertainment broadcasts.

Initially, there were no formal standards for radio stations making broadcasts intended for the general public. However, effective December 1, 1921, the United States Department of Commerce, which supervised radio at this time, issued a regulation requiring that stations making broadcasts intended for the general public now had to operate under a "Limited Commercial" license.[6] On April 5, 1922, the university was issued a broadcasting station license with the randomly assigned call letters KOB.[7]

The 1928 passage of the Davis Amendment required an equitable assignment of radio facilities within five regions of the United States. Effective November 11, 1928, as part of a major reassignment of stations under the Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40, KOB was assigned to 1180 kHz, one of Region 5's high-powered "clear channel" frequencies. Although this allowed unlimited operation during daylight hours, nighttime hours were shared with KEX in Portland, Oregon, with KOB receiving 1/3rd of the after-sunset hours, and KEX assigned the rest.

On December 31, 1929, while preparing the transmitter for a New Year's Eve broadcast, Goddard was instantly killed when he came into contact with high voltage equipment.[8] In 1932 the station reduced its power from 20 to 10 kilowatts because of transmitter issues.[9]

Albuquerque Journal ownership

In 1932, the university arranged for KOB to be leased by the Albuquerque Journal,[10] which later purchased the station. KOB's last State College broadcast was on April 24,[11] and it resumed broadcasting that fall in Albuquerque.[12] KOB was an NBC Red Network affiliate, carrying its schedule of dramas, comedies, news, sports, soap operas, game shows and big band broadcasts during the "Golden Age of Radio".

In 1940, KOB's timesharing partner, KEX, moved to 1160 kHz, which allowed KOB to expand its nighttime operating hours to unlimited. In March 1941, a nationwide frequency reassignment took place with the implementation of the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA). Initially, KOB was assigned to 1030 kHz. WBZ in Boston, Massachusetts was the primary station assigned to 1030 kHz; moreover, it employed a directional antenna that strengthened its signal toward the west. The resulting excessive nighttime interference between WBZ and KOB caused the FCC to reassign KOB to 770 kHz. However, WJZ (now WABC) in New York City was also assigned to 770 kHz, and this led to a series of legal battles between the two stations over nighttime coverage that would last for decades.

1958 advertisement for KOB (AM) and KOB-TV.[13]
1958 advertisement for KOB (AM) and KOB-TV.[13]

In 1948, Tom Pepperday, owner and publisher of the Journal, signed on KOB-TV, the first television station between the Mississippi River and the West Coast. The stations were acquired by Time Life in 1952. In 1957, they were sold to Hubbard Broadcasting, Inc. On August 1, 1967, KOB-FM (now KOBQ) first signed on.[14] At first, it simulcast KOB, but soon began its own format of beautiful music, and in the 1980s, switched to adult contemporary music.

Separation of KOB radio and KOB-TV

KKOB logo as an AM only station
KKOB logo as an AM only station
Logo from 2016–2020, when KKOB was simulcast on translator station K233CG at 94.5 FM
Logo from 2016–2020, when KKOB was simulcast on translator station K233CG at 94.5 FM

Hubbard Broadcasting sold KOB AM and FM to Southwest Radio in 1986. At the time, FCC regulations stated that stations could not share call signs if they were not co-owned, so with Hubbard keeping the TV station as KOB-TV, Southwest had to find new call letters for the radio stations. In order to trade on the well-known KOB identity, a leading "K" was appended, becoming KKOB and KKOB-FM on October 28. Despite their separate ownership, KKOB still has a news partnership with KOB-TV.

In 1994, KKOB AM and FM were sold to Citadel Broadcasting for $7.8 million.[15] In 2011, Citadel was acquired by the station's current owner, Cumulus Media.[16] Under Cumulus ownership, some shows syndicated by Premiere Networks were dropped, such as Coast-to-Coast AM and Sean Hannity, because Premiere is owned by Cumulus rival iHeartMedia. KKOB switched to mostly airing programs syndicated by Cumulus Media's Westwood One subsidiary, only retaining one Premiere Networks weekday show, Rush Limbaugh until his death in 2021. Dan Bongino took over the midday time slot previously held by Limbaugh on all Cumulus stations on May 24, 2021.[17]

On September 1, 2016, KKOB began simulcasting its programming over translator station K233CG (94.5 FM) in Sandia, which Cumulus purchased for $425,000.[18]

Legal dispute with WABC New York

Beginning in 1941, KOB was involved in a 38-year-long dispute over the use of the 770 kHz frequency with New York City station WABC (originally WJZ), a Class I-A clear-channel station. In 1978, the FCC noted that "No other station assignment among the thousands so far established has approached this one in the length, complexity, and thoroughness of the consideration that has been accorded in adjudicatory and rulemaking proceedings before the Commission, and in repeated judicial reviews."[19]

In March 1941, with the implementation of the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA), most of the original "clear channel" stations were reassigned to comparable authorizations. The FCC attempted to give KOB an assignment that would allow it to use high power to serve a large area of the underserved southwestern United States. KOB's initial 1941 NARBA assignment was for operation on 1030 kHz.[20] However, another high-powered station, WBZ in Boston, Massachusetts, was also assigned to this frequency; moreover, WBZ employed a directional antenna that strengthened its signal westward. The resulting nighttime interference between WBZ and KOB caused the FCC, beginning later in 1941, to reassign KOB to 770 kHz with the first of a series of temporary Special Service Authorizations.

The joint assignment of KOB and WABC to 770 kHz still resulted in interference over large areas of the middle of the country. The FCC later concluded that KOB and WABC should have equal status on 770 kHz as "Class I-B" stations, with both required to protect the nighttime coverage of the other station, and ordered that KOB and WJZ both install directional antennas. KOB constructed the required nighttime directional antenna, but WABC refused to comply, appealing the order in the courts. WABC's challenge was successful, primarily on the grounds that downgrading its coverage left its ABC network at a disadvantage compared to the other two national networks' New York City stations, CBS' WCBS and NBC's WNBC, which were non-directional operations. The FCC then reclassified KOB as a "Class II-A" station, and its directional antenna was modified to further reduce its signal toward WABC.

Hot air balloon accident

On October 9, 2004, a Smokey Bear imaged hot air balloon participating in the Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta collided with and became entangled in one of KKOB's transmitter towers. The three passengers were able to climb out of the basket onto the tower. However, the tower was energized and could have led to electrocution once the passengers set foot on ground, so KKOB shut down its transmitter following the accident in order to enable them to climb down to safety.[21] This accident was recorded by several local television stations, and the footage has become a standard story on a number of televised reality programs which deal with "caught on camera" incidents.

Awards

KKOB has been awarded four Marconi Awards from the National Association of Broadcasters – one in 1997, "Talk Station of the Year" in 2001, "Medium Market Station of the Year" in 2009 and "Legendary Station" in 2010. The station has received 13 nominations. KKOB was awarded "Station of the Year" honors from Radio & Records magazine in 2009. From the New Mexico Broadcasters Association the station has received numerous awards including "Station of the Year" 12 times since 2000.

Former personalities

References

  1. ^ KKOB: Daytime Coverage Map (radio-locator.com)
  2. ^ KKOB: Nighttime Coverage Map (radio-locator.com)
  3. ^ "For the Record: Facilities Changes",Broadcasting, September 1, 1986, page 105.
  4. ^ "New Stations" (Special Land stations), Radio Service Bulletin, May 1, 1920, page 5. The leading "5" in 5XD's call sign indicated that the station was located in the fifth Radio Inspection district, while the "X" signified that it was operating under an Experimental license.
  5. ^ "Radio Reports Received On Institute Games", (Las Cruces, New Mexico) Rio Grande Republic, January 28, 1921, page 3.
  6. ^ "Amendments to Regulations", Radio Service Bulletin, January 3, 1922, page 10.
  7. ^ "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, May 1, 1922, page 5. Three month license, Serial no. 601, issued April 5, 1922 authorizing operation on 360 and 485 meters (833 and 619 kHz). The KOB call sign had previously been assigned to the Princess Anne, before its February 2, 1920 shipwreck on Rockaway Shoals, Long Island. ("Broadcast Station Calls With a Past" by William Fenwick, Radio Broadcast, July 1928, page 150.)
  8. ^ "College Dean Electrocuted", San Pedro (California) News-Pilot, January 1, 1930, page 2.
  9. ^ "KOB Asks Less Power", Broadcasting, March 15, 1932, page 13.
  10. ^ "KOB Will Move". Broadcasting. April 15, 1932. p. 16. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Actions of the Federal Radio Commission: Decisions: April 22", Broadcasting, May 1, 1932, page 32.
  12. ^ "KOB Back On Air", Broadcasting, October 1, 1932, page 6.
  13. ^ "KOB / KOB-TV" (advertisement), Broadcasting, February 24, 1958, page 83.
  14. ^ "Radio Stations: New Mexico: Albuquerque" Broadcasting Yearbook (1968 edition), page B-106.
  15. ^ "1994 Station Sales", Broadcasting & Cable Yearbook (1995 edition), page A-93.
  16. ^ "Cumulus now owns Citadel Broadcasting". Atlanta Business Journal. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  17. ^ "Cumulus/Westwood One To Move Dan Bongino Into Rush Limbaugh Timeslot". RadioInsight. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  18. ^ "KKOB Albuquerque Adds $425,000 FM Signal – RadioInsight". radioinsight.com. 1 September 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2018. This translator was owned by Martha Whitman, who owned smooth jazz outlet KOAZ and K279BP (now licensed to Vanguard Media). It had previously relayed KRKE's (now KQNM) 1980s hits format until late September 2015, when that station was put up for sale. KQRI rebroadcast on this translator from December 1, 2015 until mid August 2016. After launching the FM simulcast on the full-power 96.3 frequency in January 2020, KKOB dropped the simulcast on K233CG, with the translator now simulcasting sister station KTBL.
  19. ^ "In the Matter of Clear Channel Broadcasting in the AM Broadcast Band: KOB and 770 kHz, Docket No. 20642, adopted December 19, 1978, released January 15, 1979" (paragraphs 145–155), Federal Communications Commission Reports
  20. ^ "List of Radio Broadcast Stations as of March 29, 1941", Federal Communications Commission.
  21. ^ Russell Contreras and Leann Holt (October 11, 2004). "Balloon Hits Tower; 3 Escape Injury". abqjournal.com. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  22. ^ "DJ Larry Ahrens Leaves 'Morning Show'" by Rick Nathanson, Albuquerque Journal, December 17, 2004
  23. ^ "Longtime KKOB radio host off the air" by Rick Nathanson, Albuquerque Journal, March 2nd, 2013.
  24. ^ "Billy Cornelius Launches Show On KKOB", March 28, 2013 (allaccess.com)
  25. ^ Ryan Boetel, Journal Staff Writer. "Radio personality Terrie Q. Sayre dies". www.abqjournal.com. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  26. ^ Longtime 'Voice of the Lobos' Mike Roberts dies by Ed Johnson, Albuquerque Journal, September 13th, 2016.
  27. ^ "Pat Frisch Exits KKOB-A/Albuquerque After 20 Years", June 13, 2019 (allaccess.com)
  28. ^ "T.J. Trout Returns To Albuquerque Radio For Afternoons At KKOB-A", January 14, 2019 (allaccess.com)