Wine production in 2014[1]

Wines are produced in significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, typically in regions of Mediterranean climate. Grapes will sometimes grow beyond this range, thus minor amounts of wine are made in some rather unexpected places.

In 2014, the five largest producers of wine in the world were, in order, Italy, Spain, France, the United States, and China.

Countries

Top wine-producing countries and their volume of wine production for the year 2014 in tonnes, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which is an agency of the United Nations; this is the latest information available from the FAO.

Their data show a total worldwide production of 31 million tonnes of wine with the top 15 producing countries accounting for over 90% of the total.[2]

A colour-coded map of 2013 global wine production
Map of global wine production in 2013
Wine production by country in 2014
Rank Country Production
(tonnes)
1 Italy 4,796,900
2 Spain 4,607,850
3 France 4,293,466
4 United States 3,300,000
5 China 1,700,000
6 Argentina 1,498,380
7 Chile 1,214,000
8 Australia 1,186,343
9 South Africa 1,146,006
10 Germany 920,200
11 Portugal 603,327
12 Romania 378,283
13 Greece 334,300
14 Russia 327,400
15 New Zealand 320,400
16 Brazil 273,100
17 Hungary 258,520
18 Austria 199,869
19 Serbia 198,183
20 Moldova 149,850
21 Bulgaria 130,500
22 Georgia 108,600
23 Switzerland 93,365
24 Ukraine 86,904
25 Japan 85,000
26 Peru 73,000
27 Uruguay 72,500
28 Canada 54,663
29 Algeria 52,000
30 Czech Republic 52,000
31 North Macedonia 51,013
32 Croatia 45,272
33 Turkey 44,707
34 Mexico 39,360
35 Turkmenistan 39,000
36 Morocco 37,000
37 Uzbekistan 36,000
38 Slovakia 32,527
39 Belarus 29,980
40 Albania 24,000
41 Kazakhstan 21,993
42 Tunisia 21,500
43 Montenegro 16,000
44 Lebanon 14,700
45 Slovenia 13,229
46 Colombia 13,000
47 Luxembourg 12,494
48 Cuba 12,080
49 Estonia 11,104
50 Cyprus 10,302
51 Azerbaijan 9,512
52 Bolivia 9,422
53 Madagascar 8,350
54 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7,524
55 Armenia 6,174
56 Lithuania 6,005
57 Egypt 5,000
58 Israel 5,000
59 Belgium 2,900
60 Latvia 2,450
61 Malta 2,426
62 Zimbabwe 1,750
63 Kyrgyzstan 1,700
64 Paraguay 1,500
65 Ethiopia 1,297
66 Jordan 550
67 United Kingdom 425
68 Costa Rica 175
69 Panama 159
70 Tajikistan 150
71 Liechtenstein 79
72 Syria 70
73 Poland 49
74 Réunion 30

Africa

Algeria

See also: Algerian wine

Cape Verde

Morocco

South Africa

A vineyard in the Stellenbosch region, South Africa

See also: South African wine

Tunisia

Americas

Argentina

See also: Argentine wine

Argentine wine regions

Bolivia

See also: Bolivian wine

Brazil

See also: Brazilian wine

Canada

See also: Canadian wine, British Columbia wine, and Ontario wine

Colombia

Costa Rica

Chile

See also: Chilean wine

Chile's topography with the location of most of Chile's wine regions highlighted

Mexico

See also: Mexican wine

Peru

See also: Peruvian wine

United States

Main article: List of American Viticultural Areas

See also: American Wine

Uruguay

See also: Uruguayan wine

Venezuela

The wine-producing enterprise for Venezuela can be found here.

Europe

Albania

See also: Albanian wine

Austria

See also: Austrian wine

Belgium

See also: Belgian wine

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bulgaria

See also: Bulgarian wine

Croatia

See also: Croatian wine

Cyprus

See also: Cypriot wine

Czech Republic

See also: Czech wine

Denmark

See also: Danish wine

France

See also: French wine

Map of wine regions in France
Corsica's wine regions: (1) Cap Corse, (2) Patrimonio, (3) Calvi, (4) Ajaccio, (5) Sartène , (6) Figari, (7) Porto-Vecchio, (8) Greater Vin de Corse region. The Muscat du Cap Corse region overlaps with part of the Cap Corse and Patrimonio regions.

Georgia

See also: Georgian wine, Abkhazian wine, and List of Georgian wine appellations

Germany

See also: German wine

Greece

Greek wine regions

See also: Greek wine

Hungary

Wine regions in Hungary

See also: Hungarian wine

Ireland

Italy

See also: Italian wine, List of Italian DOCG wines, and List of Italian DOC wines

"Chianti" areas in Tuscany

Latvia

Lithuania

See also: Lithuanian wine

Luxembourg

See also: Luxembourg wine

Moldova

See also: Moldovan wine

Montenegro

Netherlands

See also: Dutch wine

North Macedonia

See also: Macedonian wine

Norway

Poland

See also: Polish wine

Portugal

Portuguese wine regions

See also: Portuguese wine

Romania

See also: Romanian wine

Russia

See also: Russian wine

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

San Marino

See also: Sammarinese wine

Serbia

See also: Serbian wine

Wine regions of Serbia

Slovakia

Wine-producing regions in Slovakia

See also: Slovak wine

Slovenia

The three wine regions in Slovenia

See also: Slovenian wine

Spain

Spanish wine-producing regions

See also: Spanish wine

Sweden

See also: Swedish wine

Switzerland

See also: Swiss wine

Turkey

See also: List of Turkish wine regions and Turkish wine

Wine-producing regions in Turkey

Ukraine

See also: Ukrainian wine

In Ukraine, at the present time there are seven administrative regions (provinces) in which the wine industry has developed. Given the favorable climatic location, the law of Ukraine allocated 15 winegrowing areas (macrozones), which are the basis for growing certain varieties of grapes, and 58 natural wine regions (microzones). These are located mainly in the following areas.

United Kingdom

Main article: Wine from the United Kingdom

In the UK, the area under vines is small, and whilst viticulture is not a major part of the rural economy, significant planting of new vines has occurred in the early 21st century. The greatest concentration of vineyards is found in the south east of England, in the counties of Hampshire, Kent, Surrey, and Sussex.

Asia

See also: Wine in religious communities of the Middle East

Armenia

See also: Armenian wine

Azerbaijan

See also: Azerbaijani wine

Burma

China

Main article: Wine in China

Regions producing native wines have been present since the Qin Dynasty,[13] with wines being brought to China from Persia. Some of the more famous wine-producing regions are:

With the import of Western wine-making technologies, especially French technology, production of wines similar to modern French wine has begun in many parts of China with the direction of experienced French wine-makers; China is now the sixth largest producer of wine in the world. The following regions produce significant quality of wine:

India

See also: Indian wine

Indonesia

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Indonesia has been producing wine for over 18 years, with North Bali's vineyards producing three main grape varieties: the Belgia, the Alphonse Lavallee and the Probolinggo Biru. The main producer, Hatten Wines, has revolutionized the world of winemaking, with eight wines produced from these three varieties.

Iran

Prior to the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979, Iran was a producer of wine. While production has stopped, the vineyards continue to exist and their product has been diverted to non-alcoholic purposes.

Israel

See also: Israeli wine

Also includes wine regions in Israeli-occupied territories.

Japan

See also: Japanese wine

Kazakhstan

See also: Kazakh wine

South Korea

See also: Korean wine

Lebanon

See also: Lebanese wine

Palestinian territories

Syria

Turkey

See also: List of Turkish wine regions and Turkish wine

Wine-producing regions in Turkey

Vietnam

See also: Vietnamese wine

Oceania

Australia

See also: Australian wine

Australian geographic indications by state

Geographic indications for Australian wine are governed by law. The geographic indication must indicate where the grapes are grown, irrespective of where the wine itself is made. A geographic indication may be "Australia", "South Eastern Australia", a state name, zone, region or subregion if defined.[18]

The zones, regions and subregions in each state are listed below:

Australian Capital Territory

See also: Australian Capital Territory wine

Vineyard in Hunter Valley, Australia

New South Wales

Further information: New South Wales wine

Queensland

See also: Queensland wine

South Australia

See also: South Australian wine

Adelaide Super Zone includes Mount Lofty Ranges, Fleurieu and Barossa wine zones.

Tasmania

Further information: Tasmanian wine

Regions, no zones defined

Victoria

Further information: Victorian wine

Western Australia

Further information: Western Australian wine

New Zealand

See also: New Zealand wine

Map of the wine regions of New Zealand
Wine region map of New Zealand

GI stands for New Zealand Geographical Indication.

Notes

References

  1. ^ "Wine production". Our World in Data. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Wine production (tons)". Food and Agriculture Organization. 6 October 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e "The History of Vineyards in Algeria". Atlasian Cellars Meghdir & Sons. 2005. Retrieved 2005-04-07.
  4. ^ "#VisitCzechia". May 2024.
  5. ^ "Schweiz Aargau und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  6. ^ "Schweiz Bern und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  7. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Freiburg und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  8. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. St.Gallen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  9. ^ "Schweiz – Kt. Schaffhausen und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  10. ^ "Thurgau – Der Ostschweizer Kanton und seine Weingebiete". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  11. ^ "Zürich und seine Weingebiete – Wine of Zurich". www.ernestopauli.ch. Archived from the original on 2016-11-12. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  12. ^ a b c d "Grapes grown for wine production in Turkey". Yazgan Winery. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
  13. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-09. Retrieved 2007-11-27.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ a b c d e Chinese Markets for Wines :wines-info Archived 2007-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "The wine output of Yantai will reach 230000 kiloliters in 2008:wines-info". Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
  16. ^ "Anseong Culture Tour". City of Anseong. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
  17. ^ Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Wine Korea Official Site of Korea Tourism Organization
  18. ^ "Register of Protected Names Section (a) Australian GI". Australian Wine & Brandy Corporation. Archived from the original on 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
  19. ^ "Western Australia's Wine Regions". Western Australia. Archived from the original on 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2010-11-25.