This is a list of orders, decorations and medals of the Republic of China, usually known as Taiwan after 1949. This list is sorted in order of precedence of the highest grade of each award on a full military dress. The Honour Sabre is a special case and is listed separately under Military orders, as per its official classification by the Ministry of National Defense.

Military orders

Name Grades Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
1 (Grand Cordon)[2] Distinguished contributions to national defense
8 November 1937
1 (Grand Cordon)[2] Outstanding contributions to national defense
15 May 1929
1 (Special Grand Cordon) Repelling foreign invasion or quelling internal unrest
15 May 1929
2 (Grand Cordon)
3 (Red Grand Cordon)[3]
4 (Special Cravat)[4]
5 (Cravat)[4]
6 (Special Rosette)
7 (Rosette)
8 (Special Ribbon)
9 (Ribbon)
1 (Ribbon) Bravery in combat
23 September 1944
1 (Special Grand Cordon) Contributions to the nation or quelling internal unrest
15 June 1935
2 (Grand Cordon)
3 (Yellow Grand Cordon)[3]
4 (Special Cravat)[4]
5 (Cravat)[4]
6 (Special Rosette)
7 (Rosette)
8 (Special Ribbon)
9 (Ribbon)
1 (Ribbon) 10 years' service in the military and meeting academic criteria
23 September 1944
Order of Grand Community
大同勳章
1 (Ribbon) Significant contributions to the Air Force in battle or in its construction
14 June 1945
Order of Cosmic Diagram
河圖勳章
1 (Ribbon) Bravery in combat with 1,800 hours of flight time or 600 missions in the Air Force
14 June 1945
Order of Book of Nature
洛書勳章
1 (Ribbon) Bravery in combat with 1,500 hours of flight time or 500 missions in the Air Force
14 June 1945
Order of Sublime Commencement
乾元勳章
1 (Ribbon) Bravery in combat with 1,200 hours of flight time or 400 missions in the Air Force
14 June 1945
Order of Renaissance and Honour
復興榮譽勳章
1 (Ribbon) 9 kills, 900 hours of flight time or 300 missions in the Air Force
3 December 1937
2 (Ribbon) 6 kills, 750 hours of flight time or 250 missions in the Air Force
3 (Ribbon) 3 kills, 600 hours of flight time or 200 missions in the Air Force
1 (Ribbon) Contributions to the Chinese nation during the Second Sino-Japanese War
10 October 1945
Order in Commemoration of the Tenth Anniversary of the Oath-taking of the National Revolutionary Army
國民革命軍誓師十週年紀念勳章
1 (Ribbon) Officers who hold the rank of Major General or above and who have commanded a Division-level unit or above, and took the oath to unify the country in 1926, Guangdong.
8 July 1936
Name Grades[5] Awarded for Instituted
1 (9 Lions, yellow tassel) Already-highly decorated officers who are deserving of more commendation 23 November 1931
2 (7 Lions, blue tassel)
3 (5 Lions, red tassel)

Military medals

General Armed Forces medals

Name Grades[6] Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
Medal of the Armed Forces[7]
陸海空軍獎章
A-1 (Ribbon) Outstanding performance or exhibiting special technical skills
15 August 1929
A-2 (Ribbon)
B-1 (Ribbon)
B-2 (Ribbon)
Medal of the Brilliant Light[7]
光華獎章
A-1 (Ribbon) Outstanding performance or exhibiting special technical skills
7 September 1937
A-2 (Ribbon)
B-1 (Ribbon)
B-2 (Ribbon)
Medal of Victorious Garrison[7]
干城獎章
A-1 (Ribbon) Outstanding performance or exhibiting special technical skills
7 September 1937
A-2 (Ribbon)
B-1 (Ribbon)
B-2 (Ribbon)
Medal of Loyalty and Integrity
忠貞獎章
1 (Ribbon and Stars)[8] Soldiers who are wounded in combat.
Dec 1945
Medal of the Spirit of Chu[7]
莒光獎章
A-1 (Ribbon) Significant contributions to the Armed Forces in the areas of technology, logistics and finance.
12 June 1971
A-2 (Ribbon)
B-1 (Ribbon)
B-2 (Ribbon)
Medal of Victory of Resistance against Aggression
抗戰勝利獎章
1 (Ribbon) Contributions during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
8 January 1946

Army medals

Name Grades[6] Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
Medal of Army Brilliance
陸光獎章
A (Ribbon) Being victorious in combat, proactively render assistance to friendly troops, and other significant contributions.
5 May 1958
B (Ribbon)
Medal of Outstanding Service
金甌獎章
A (Ribbon) Significant contributions such as destroying enemy forces, securing the border, preventing rebellions or participation in military projects
5 May 1958
B (Ribbon)
Medal of Bravery
虎賁獎章
A (Ribbon) Significant contributions during battle, such as destroying enemy fortifications, routing enemy reinforcements, and assisting the main force in combat.
5 May 1958
B (Ribbon)
Medal of Outstanding Staff
弼亮獎章
A (Ribbon) Significant contributions in research.
5 May 1958
B (Ribbon)
Medal of Army Achievement
景風獎章
A (Ribbon) Being corruption-free and highly productive.
5 May 1958
B (Ribbon)
Medal of Excellent Efficiency
寶星獎章
1-9 (Ribbon and Stars) 1 Star for every 3 years of service and meeting academic requirements, up to 9 Stars.
5 May 1958

Navy medals

Name Grades Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
Medal of Naval Brilliance
海光獎章
1 (Ribbon) Contributions in command or combat, for conspicuous gallantry and those wounded on duty.
19 July 1951
Medal of Naval Achievement
海功獎章
1 (Ribbon) Contributions in combat.
19 July 1951
Medal of Naval Merit
海勳獎章
1 (Ribbon) Contributions to military strategy, military literature and technological research.
19 July 1951
Medal of Naval Distinguished Service
海績獎章
1 (Ribbon) Meeting labour service requirements.
19 July 1951
Medal of Naval Disposition
海風獎章
1 (Ribbon) Those with good moral character, or for excellent performance during exercises or parades.
19 July 1951
Marine Corps Medal
陸戰獎章
1 (Ribbon) Contributions in combat, training, or research.
30 August 1972

Air Force medals

Name Grades[6] Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
Star Medal
星序獎章
1 (9 Stars) 9 kills. NA 5 May 1938
2 (8 Stars) 8 kills. NA
3 (7 Stars) 7 kills. NA
4 (6 Stars) 6 kills. NA
5 (5 Stars) 5 kills. NA
6 (4 Stars) 4 kills. NA
7 (3 Stars) 3 kills. NA
8 (2 Stars) 2 kills. NA
9 (1 Star) 1 kill. NA
Medal of Rising Roc
鵬舉獎章
1 (Ribbon) 540 flight hours or 180 missions. NA 14 June 1945
Medal of Flying Dragon
雲龍獎章
1 (Ribbon) 480 flight hours or 160 missions. NA 14 June 1945
Medal of Flying Tiger
飛虎獎章
1 (Ribbon) 420 flight hours or 140 missions. NA 14 June 1945
Medal of Winged Leopard
翔豹獎章
1 (Ribbon) 360 flight hours or 120 missions. NA 14 June 1945
Medal of Rapacious Condor
雄鷲獎章
1 (Ribbon) 300 flight hours or 100 missions. NA 14 June 1945
Medal of Vermilion Bow
彤弓獎章
1 (Ribbon) 180 flight hours or 60 missions. NA 14 June 1945
Medal of Awe-Inspiring
宣威獎章
1 (Ribbon) Service to the Air Force. NA 2 March 1939
2 (Ribbon) NA
3 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Distinguished Service[9]
懋績獎章
A-1 (Ribbon) Distinguished service in the areas of research, training, competitions and inspections. NA 8 April 1943
A-2 (Ribbon) NA
B-1 (Ribbon) NA
B-2 (Ribbon) NA
Exemplary Medal[9]
楷模獎章
A-1 (Ribbon) Good conduct. NA 8 April 1943
A-2 (Ribbon) NA
B-1 (Ribbon) NA
B-2 (Ribbon) NA

Victory medals

Name Grades Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
Medal of Scholarship
績學獎章
1 (Ribbon) Achievement in academic competitions. NA 1 August 1935
2 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Marksmanship
射擊獎章
1 (Ribbon) Achievement in marksmanship competitions. NA 1 August 1935
2 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Horsemanship
騎術獎章
1 (Ribbon) Achievement in riding competitions. NA 1 August 1935
2 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Seamanship
操舟獎章
1 (Ribbon) Achievement in rowing competitions. NA 1 August 1935
2 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Flying
飛行獎章
1 (Ribbon) Achievement in aviation competitions. NA 1 August 1935
2 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Special Skill
特技獎章
1 (Ribbon) Achievement in martial arts or sports competitions. NA 1 August 1935
2 (Ribbon) NA
Medal of Maintenance
修護獎章
1 (Ribbon) Excellence in maintenance work. NA 19 July 1971
2 (Ribbon) NA

Commemorative and Service awards

Name Grades Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
功標
NCO Soldier Honor Medal
士官士兵榮譽紀念章
Anti-Japanese War Victory Medal
抗戰勝利紀念章
蔣委員長西安蒙難紀念章
作戰負傷榮譽紀念章
克難英雄紀念章
國防部服務紀念章
外島地區服務紀念章
艱苦地區服務紀念章
各軍種服務紀念章
軍紀競賽個人優勝榮譽標
榮譽旗旗標 1 Loyalty and bravery.[10]
陸海空軍官校榮譽旗旗標

Civilian orders

Name Grades Awarded for Ribbon bar Instituted[1]
1 (Grand Cordon) President of the Republic of China and Foreign heads of state.
2 December 1933
1 (Grand Cordon) Contributions to national development.
12 February 1941
1 (Grand Cordon) 1. Implementation of the Three Principles of the People
2. Anti-communism (historical) and National development
3. Revival of Chinese culture
4. Implementation of democratic reforms
11 January 1980
1 (Special Grand Cordon) Contributions to national and societal development.
12 February 1941
2 (Grand Cordon)
3 (Green Grand Cordon)
4 (Special Cravat)
5 (Cravat)
6 (Special Rosette)
7 (Rosette)
8 (Special Ribbon)
9 (Ribbon)
1 (Special Grand Cordon) Contributions to national and societal development.
12 February 1941
2 (Grand Cordon)
3 (Purple Grand Cordon)
4 (Special Cravat)
5 (Cravat)
6 (Special Rosette)
7 (Rosette)
8 (Special Ribbon)
9 (Ribbon)
Public Servants' Service Medal
NA NA NA NA
1 (Gold) Contributions to the cultural affairs of the Republic of China.
31 January 2020[11]
2 (Silver)
3 (Bronze)

Defunct orders

Prior to the modern system, the Republican government established numerous orders that are now defunct.

Nanjing Era

After the founding of the Republic, the Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912) in Nanjing established the following orders in 1912:

Beiyang Era

The Beiyang government re-established the honour system with the following orders:

Various warlords also issued their own orders and commemorative medals.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Date of institution given is of the first incarnation of the award. Changes since then of the design and/or grades are noted separately. Dates of institution obtained from Ministry of National Defense and Office of the President, see References below.
  2. ^ a b The Order of National Glory and Order of Blue Sky and White Sun had a Rosette device until 19 November 1980
  3. ^ a b The Order of Precious Tripod, 3rd Class and Order of Resplendent Banner, 3rd Class had no device prior to 19 November 1980
  4. ^ a b c d The Special Cravat and Cravat grades are neck orders.
  5. ^ Prior to 1 August 1935 the Honour Sabre was presented in nine grades, from 9 stars to 1 star, respectively. On the current design, lions are carved in golden relief on the scabbard and hilt.
  6. ^ a b c For all medals with A and B grades, A grade medals are awarded to officers holding the rank of Major or above, and B grade medals are awarded to soldiers of ranks including and below Captain.
  7. ^ a b c d First time recipients receive the Second Class of the medal, second time recipients receive the First Class of the medal, and further decorations are to be denoted with award stars.
  8. ^ First time recipients receive 1 silver star; Second time recipients 2 silver stars; Third time 3 silver stars; Beyond 3, every 3 silver stars is exchanged for a gold star.
  9. ^ a b First time recipients receive the Second Class of the medal and second time recipients receive the First Class of the medal.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 30 August 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Regulations on the Conferment of the Medal of Culture by the Ministry of Culture". Laws & Regulations Database of The Republic of China. 31 January 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2021.

References