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Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono
Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono, Hasil Rakjat Memilih Tokoh-tokoh Parlemen (Hasil Pemilihan Umum Pertama - 1955) di Republik Indonesia, p354.jpg
5th Minister of Trade
In office
4 August 1948 – 21 January 1950
PresidentSukarno
Preceded bySjafruddin Prawiranegara
Succeeded byTjandono Manu
In office
12 August 1955 – 24 March 1956
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byRoosseno
Succeeded byBurhanuddin
6th Minister of Agriculture
In office
4 August 1948 – 21 January 1950
PresidentSukarno
Preceded bySjafruddin Prawiranegara
Succeeded bySadjarwo
Personal details
Born(1900-04-10)April 10, 1900
Dutch East Indies
DiedAugust 1, 1986(1986-08-01) (aged 86)
Indonesia
NationalityIndonesia
Political partyCatholic Party (Indonesia)
Spouse(s)Aloysia Moedjirah
Children6

Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono (10 April 1900 – 1 August 1986) was an Indonesian politician and national hero. He helped form the Partai Katolik and was himself a Catholic.[1]

Early life

Hendrowahyono was born in present-day Yogyakarta. His father, Ronosentiko, was a Yogyakarta palace soldier, serving the Mentrijero brigade at the time. His mother was Dalikem and she was a housewife and market stall owner.[2] Hendrowahyono was the second child of the family and one older brother and nine other siblings.[3]

Owing to his father's prestigious position in that era, Hendrowahyono was able to attend school in the Dutch East Indies. He first attended Tweede Inlandsche School in Kampung Gading. Later on, he entered a teaching college in Muntilan, where he was introduced to Catholicism by the school's founder, Romo (Father) van Lith. He was baptized in 1913 and received his Christian name Ignatius Joseph. He moved to Britenzorg (now Bogor) in 1918 to continue his studies at Middelbare Landbouw School.[2]

Pre-1945 Indonesian independence

While studying at Middelbare Landbouw School, Hendrowahyono joined the youth organization Jong Java, which was associated with the Youth Pledge declaration.[3][4] In 1923, he started a political party called the Catholic Javanese Political Party (Indonesian: Pakempalan Politik Katolik Djawi) which by 1933 became known as the Indonesian Catholic Political Party (Indonesian: Persatoean Politik Katolik Indonesia). Hendrowahyono also became a member of Volksraad from 1931 to 1932 and was involved in the committee behind the Soetardjo Petition.[2][5]

Post-1945 Indonesian independence

Hendrowahyono became a member of the Central Indonesian National Committee in 1945. Within the same time period, Hendrowahyono also started the process of consolidating several Catholic political parties in Indonesia into one entity: the Indonesian Catholic Party (Indonesian: Partai Katolik Republik Indonesia). He also started focusing on agricultural and plantation issues plaguing the nation. This interest culminated in his appointment as the Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Commerce. He also maintained strategic parliamentary positions as Indonesia underwent several governmental changes, including during the United States of Indonesia period.[2]

References

  1. ^ Melissa Crouch (12 November 2013). Law and Religion in Indonesia: Conflict and the Courts in West Java. Routledge. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-134-50829-7.
  2. ^ a b c d "Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono | Bio-Kristi". biokristi.sabda.org. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  3. ^ a b Usfal, Angga (2020-10-30). "IGNATIUS JOSEPH KASIMO: POLITIKUS KATOLIK YANG BERJIWA NASIONALIS DAN KOKOH BERPRINSIP". BERSAKSI.ID (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  4. ^ JP, Slamet (2020-10-29). "Perkumpulan Pemuda Pencetus Sumpah Pemuda". Kompaspedia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  5. ^ "I.J. Kasimo, Sosok yang Tegas, Berprinsip Teguh dan Cinta Kebenaran - Unika Atma Jaya". atmajaya.ac.id. Retrieved 2021-02-03.