Supriyadi
Supriyadi.jpg
Defense Minister of Indonesia
In office
19 August 1945 – 20 October 1945
Office never taken
PresidentSukarno
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byMuhammad Soeljoadikusuma (acting)
Personal details
Born13 April 1923
Trenggalek, Oost-Java, Dutch East Indies
Disappeared14 February 1945 (aged 21)
Blitar, Japanese Indies
StatusDeclared dead in absentia
9 August 1975(1975-08-09) (aged 52)
Military career
AllegianceJapan
Indonesia
Service/branchDefenders of the Homeland (PETA)
Years of service1940s
RankOfficer
UnitInfantry
Battles/warsWorld War II

Supriyadi, older spelling Soeprijadi (born 13 April 1923 – disappeared 14 February 1945, declared dead 9 August 1975), was an Indonesian national hero who rebelled against the occupying Japanese in 1945.

Early life

In this 1945 newspaper report, Minister of Defense ("Menteri Pertahanan") is listed as "not yet appointed" ("beloem diangkat"). This is due to uncertainties about Supriyadi's fate.
In this 1945 newspaper report, Minister of Defense ("Menteri Pertahanan") is listed as "not yet appointed" ("beloem diangkat"). This is due to uncertainties about Supriyadi's fate.

Supriyadi was born in Trenggalek on 13 April 1923. He attended junior high school, then a training school for civil service in Magelang. However, the Japanese invaded Indonesia before he graduated. He then switched to high school and underwent youth training (Seimendoyo) in Tangerang, West Java.[1]

Involvement with PETA

In October 1943, the Japanese established a militia, PETA (Indonesian: Pembela Tanah Air, lit.'Defenders of the Homeland') to assist Japanese forces against the Allies. Supriyadi joined PETA, and after training was posted to Blitar. He was tasked with overseeing the work of the Romusha forced laborers. The plight of these workers inspired him to rebel against the Japanese. When Supriyadi joined PETA, he was given the rank of shodancho or platoon commander.

The Blitar rebellion

Main article: 1945 PETA Revolt in Blitar

When nationalist leader Sukarno visited his parents in Blitar, PETA officers told him that they had begun to plan a rebellion and asked for Sukarno's opinion. He told them to consider the consequences, but Supriyadi, leader of the rebels, was convinced the uprising would succeed.

In the early hours of 14 February 1945, rebels attacked Japanese troops, causing heavy casualties. However, the Japanese defeated the rebellion and put the ringleaders on trial. Six (or eight[2]) people were sentenced to death and the rest were given jail sentences ranging from three years to life. However, Supriyadi reportedly was not executed. Some said Supriyadi escaped and hid from the Japanese.[1][3] He was not seen again after the failure of the rebellion.[4]

Disappearance

On 19 August 1945, in a government decree issued by the newly independent Indonesia, Supriyadi was named Minister for Public Security in the Presidential Cabinet. However, he failed to appear, and was replaced on 20 October by acting minister Muhammad Soeljoadikusuma. To this day his fate remains unknown.[1][5]

Numerous sightings before his disappearance had been reported. Ronomejo a kamituwo of Ngliman village in Nganjuk reportedly accompanied Supriyadi to his hiding place in a cave near Sedudo waterfall. However, when Supriyadi's father, Damardi visited the place he already left. According to M. Nakajima, director of Taisei International Corporation, Supriyadi and his two companions stayed for a day in his place in Salatiga around February and March 1945, but then left before Kenpeitai from Semarang arrived.[6]

If he was alive during his appointment and took the office, he would have been aged 22 and became the youngest ever minister in the nation's history. He was officially bestowed the title of National Hero on 9 August 1975, thus legally declaring him dead as the title is only given posthumously.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Sudarmanto (1996), pp. 231-232
  2. ^ Ricklefs (1982) p 196
  3. ^ Mutiara (1999), p 90
  4. ^ Cribb (2008), p 93
  5. ^ Simanjuntak (2003), p18
  6. ^ Setiawan, Andri (2019-10-23). "Menteri Pertahanan yang Hilang". Historia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-02-13.

Bibliography