Ki Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro
Official portrait of Ki Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro
Official portrait, c. 1949
6th Minister of
Education and Culture
In office
4 August 1949 – 15 August 1950
Preceded byAli Sastroamidjojo
Succeeded byBahder Djohan
2nd Chairman of the
Indonesian National Party
In office
29 January 1946 – 4 March 1947
Preceded bySukarno[a]
Succeeded byAdnan Kapau Gani
Personal details
Born(1904-05-23)23 May 1904
Surakarta, Dutch East Indies
Died8 June 1957(1957-06-08) (aged 53)
Jakarta, Indonesia

Ki Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro (23 May 1904 – 8 June 1957) acted as the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia in 1949 until 1950. He is now regarded as a National Hero of Indonesia.[1]

Early life

Ki Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro was born May 23, 1904 in Surakarta. After graduated from the "Arjuna" Teacher School in Jakarta, he worked as a teacher in a Taman Siswa school in Yogyakarta.

Education goals

In 1930-1938 Mangunsarkoro was a Member of the Indonesian National Scout Management (KBI), and advocate for the movement to be free from the influence of Dutch colonialism. His work on education was being recognized inside the Indonesian National Party (PNI). In 1928 he appeared as a speaker at the 28 October 1928 Youth Congress, advocating children's right to get national education and be educated democratically, and the need for a balance between education at school and at home.

Minister of Education

During the Hatta II government from August 1949 until January 1950, Ki Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro worked as the Minister of Education, Teaching and Culture (PP and K) of the Republic of Indonesia.


  1. ^ The Indonesian National Party was previously chaired by Sukarno shortly after the declaration of Indonesian independence, but it had been dissolved in September 1945


  1. ^ Mirnawati (2012). Kumpulan Pahlawan Indonesia Terlengkap [The Most Complete Collection of Indonesian Heroes] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: CIF. ISBN 978-979-788-343-0.