Achmad Soebardjo
Portrait of Achmad Soebardjo in 1950
Achmad Soebardjo, 1950
1st Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
2 September 1945 – 14 November 1945
Preceded byNone
Succeeded bySutan Syahrir
In office
4 August 1951 – 20 December 1952
Preceded byMohammad Roem
Succeeded byWilopo
Personal details
Raden Ahmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo

(1896-03-23)23 March 1896
Karawang, Dutch East Indies
Died15 December 1978(1978-12-15) (aged 82)
Jakarta, Indonesia
Alma materLeiden University, Netherlands

Achmad Soebardjo Djojoadisoerjo (23 March 1896 – 15 December 1978) was a diplomat, an Indonesian national hero, and the first foreign minister of Indonesia.

Early life

Achmad Soebardjo was born in Teluk Jambe, Karawang Regency, West Java, on 23 March 1896. His father was Teuku Muhammad Yusuf,[1] an Acehnese patrician from Pidie.[2][3] His paternal grandfather was an ulama and his father was the chief of police in Teluk Jambe, Karawang.[2] His mother was Wardinah.[2] She was of Javanese-Buginese descent,[1] from Camat in Telukagung, Cirebon.[2]

Initially, his father gave him the name Teuku Abdul Manaf, but his mother gave him the name Achmad Subardjo.[1] Djojoadisoerjo was added by himself after he was arrested and imprisoned in Ponorogo Prison because of his involvement with the "July 3, 1946 Incident".[3]

He studied at Hogere Burgerschool Jakarta in 1917. He continued to Leiden University, Netherlands, and obtained the degree Meester in de Rechten title in the field of law in 1933.[4]

Independence Struggle

As a student, he was active in the fight for Indonesian independence through Jong Java and the Indonesian Students Association, Perhimpoenan Indonesia. In February 1927, Soebardjo, Mohammad Hatta, and three other students represented Indonesia at the conferences of the League against Imperialism in Brussels and later in Germany. At the founding congress in Brussels, Soebardjo and the others met Jawaharlal Nehru and other nationalist leaders from Asia and Africa. Soebardjo spent a couple of months in Berlin and Moscow working for the International Secretariat of the League against Imperialism. Upon return to Indonesia, he became a member of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPK) and the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI).[5]

On 19 August 1945, two days after the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence on 17 August 1945, Sukarno appointed Soebardjo as the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Presidential Cabinet, Indonesia's first cabinet for 4 months and immediately started the first Foreign Ministry office at his own residence at Jalan Cikini Raya. Subardjo served as Minister of Foreign Affairs again from 1951 to 1952 in Sukiman's Cabinet. In addition, he also became the Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia to Switzerland from 1957 to 1961.[6]


Soebardjo died at the age of 82 at Pertamina Central Hospital, Kebayoran Baru, from complications with influenza. He was buried at his vacation home in Cipayung, Bogor.[3] In 2009 the government honoured him as a National Hero.[7][8]


  1. ^ a b c "Bersama Bung Hatta" (in Indonesian). 26 April 1975. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d "Ahmad Soebardjo Djoyoadisuryo, SH" (in Indonesian). 19 April 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2011. Source: Otobiografi Ahmad Soebardjo, Seputar Proklamasi Mohammad Hatta, data online, in Catatan 'Seorang' Ikbal((cite web)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ a b c "Ahmad Subardjo (1896–1978" (in Indonesian). 23 December 1978. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  4. ^ Efendi, Ahmad. "Biografi dan Peran Achmad Soebardjo dalam Sejarah Kemerdekaan RI". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  5. ^ "Profil – Achmad Subardjo". Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  6. ^ "Mr. Ahmad Subardjo Djojoadisurjo" (in Indonesian). 16 January 2010. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  7. ^ Yudi, Jandi (9 November 2009). "John Lie Mendapat Gelar Pahlawan Nasional". Perhimpunan INTI (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011. Sinergi, November 2009, at the INTI website.((cite web)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ^ "Penganugerahaan Gelar Pahlawan Nasional dan Tanda Kehormatan RI" (in Indonesian). 9 November 2009. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.

Political offices Preceded byN/A Foreign Minister of Indonesia 1945 Succeeded bySutan Sjahrir Preceded byMohammad Roem Foreign Minister of Indonesia 1951–1952 Succeeded byWilopo